The Minister of Ecological Transition Nicolas Hulot, who wants to create a "shock of confidence" of the French, presented Thursday in Angers his plan to promote the energy renovation of buildings, including through a simplification of aid schemes
"We must create a shock of confidence" French, said Nicolas Hulot on the occasion of a visit to a renovated high school in Angers. "Do not be afraid of works," he said.
To "involve them at all levels", it is however necessary "to clarify, fluidify and simplify all the devices", because often, "be the French do not know "these possibilities, or" are dissuaded "by their complexity, he detailed.
This is a major stake for the energy transition, since residential and tertiary buildings represent 45% of the country's energy consumption. The sector is responsible for about 25% of greenhouse gas emissions.
The plan, a first version of which was presented in November, provides for a "drastic effort to simplify" a large number of subsidies. complex, poorly articulated and often unrecognized, "insists the ministry.
The goal is to renovate 500,000 homes per year – an ambition already displayed, unsuccessfully, during the previous five years – by mobilizing 14 billion euros on five years, planned in the framework of the Big Investment Plan announced in September by Prime Minister Edouard Philippe.
In detail, the government posts the objective of 100,000 public housing units renovated by social landlords and targets 250,000 homes renovations per year, thanks to existing mechanisms such as the tax credit, zero-rate eco-loan (ECO-PTZ) and energy saving certificates.
Some of these mechanisms have encountered so far difficulties.
Launched in 2009 and granted without conditions of resources, the ECO-PTZ for example, is considered too complex and remains little distributed by the banks.
We must "try to provoke confidence in the banks.If they do not play their role, the state will play," warned Mr. Hulot.
– Simplified help –
The ECO-PTZ will be simplified in order to simplify the steps to obtain it. The operational implementation of the Guarantee Fund for Energy Renewal must also facilitate the distribution of this loan to the most modest.
Under the Energy Transition Law, this fund will have "more than 50 million euros" to help "35,000 low-income households a year."
The Transition Tax Credit (CITE) will be transformed into a premium in 2019, in order to allow households to receive financial assistance more quickly. Its method of calculation will be reviewed to take into account the energy efficiency of the works.
"The simplification of the aid is good news, but the measures announced remain too limited", estimated in a statement the Confederation of the craft and small business building (Capeb). The organization regrets that there is no mention of "the establishment of a one-stop shop for information and obtaining the various aid" because "facilitate the steps of households is a priority lever" , according to him.
The government plan also aims to renovate 150,000 "heat sieve" per year, particularly energy-intensive housing (labeled F or G). France has between 7 and 8 million, and they are occupied in particular by modest households for which the financial stake is very important, a poorly insulated housing costing heating expenses.
This plan "remains insufficiently ambitious" for renovate "energy sieves" by 2025, responded in a statement the Rénovons Initiative, which brings together companies and NGOs. The group stresses in particular that the plan does not provide for "any additional large-scale financing" compared to the previous five-year period.
The government also intends to "make the housing energy label more reliable" and the Energy Performance Diagnosis (EPD) to establish "more confidence."
The state will also act on its own housing stock to "make public buildings exemplary buildings", renovating a quarter of them in five years. The local authorities will also be able to benefit from 3 billion euros of loans from the Caisse des Dépôts (CDC) over the five-year period.
The government has planned to create an observatory to assess the impact of these measures and to statistically monitor the housing stock.