Up to -10 ° C, felt -18 ° C: a cold from Siberia will win France Sunday afternoon, with temperatures far from winter records but endangering the most vulnerable, such as those without
"When you're out all day, the hardest thing is the cold … but you do not have a choice, so we're gritting our teeth," said Saadi Billel, an asylum seeker who had a place reserved for the night from Saturday to Sunday in a gymnasium of Strasbourg requisitioned by the prefecture.
Covers, food, hot drinks … "They gave us all that it takes here to hold the next days" he continues.
"I am happy and comforted to be able to enjoy a warm bed (…) otherwise we would be dying of cold outside," says Nasser, a 48-year-old Afghan, housed in one of the hangars open in Calais, where many migrants wait in the hope of moving to England.
Phenomenon known as "Moscow-Paris", intense cold air masses from Siberia will arrive on the East Sunday afternoon, before spreading to the rest of the country which should live between Monday and Wednesday the coldest days of this winter.
From Monday to Wednesday, Météo France thus provides for a minimum of -6 ° C to -10 ° C over a large eastern half (outside the Mediterranean, between 0 ° C and -4 ° C) and -2 ° C and -6 ° C on the west, unusual temperatures also late in the season.
– More Accommodations –
Due to a sustained wind, with gusts between 40 and 60 km / h, the temperatures felt s go down much lower: between -12 ° C and -18 ° C, or -25 ° C in the mountains.
The temperature felt, or "wind chill index", depends on the speed of the wind, which sweeps permanently the insulating layer of warm air that the body makes on the surface of the skin
This episode of cold pushed the authorities to trigger in 37 departments the plan "cold weather", with more than 3,100 temporary places additional accommodation for the homeless, including some 1,250 in Paris.
The winter was particularly difficult for the homeless in the capital with the flood of the Seine, the snow and finally this cold, notes Florence Pouyol, director General of the Social Action Center of the City of Paris.
"But we do not give up (…) we can not leave people on the street", she adds.
A 62-year-old man who lived in a cabin in the woods in the Yvelines was found dead Friday, December Partly due to the cold, according to the gendarmerie.
But the homeless are not the only population at risk. The health authorities advise to keep infants and old people inside.
– Frostbite and hypothermia –
For others, it is better to limit the physical efforts and cover well to avoid frostbite, hypothermia, and aggravation possible cardiovascular risks. And "contrary to popular belief, the consumption of alcohol does not warm," insists the Directorate General of Health, which also warns against carbon monoxide poisoning.
As for the Environment Agency and the control of energy (Ademe), it calls everyone to limit their electricity consumption, especially between 18h and 20h, stressing on Twitter that the production of electricity during the peaks of cold is "the most carbon", with the means of production "the most polluting and expensive".
EDF however indicated to have "no particular alert on the network", unlike last year.
An SDF on November 30, 2017 in Paris where a Siberian cold is expected in the coming days (AFP / Archives – PHILIPPE LOPEZ )
After a month of historically mild January, and a snowy beginning of February, this episode of cold, which would be banal in the heart of winter, is notable because of its date. France has not experienced such late cold since late February-early March 2005.
On the northern half, the "cold wave" could last until the end of the week, but the south should live a simple "cold shot", intense but shorter, with a warmth expected Wednesday, accompanied by snowfall that could go north Thursday.