Americans waste nearly 150,000 tons of food a day, the equivalent of more than 400 grams per person, a study said Wednesday, noting that fruits and vegetables were the most commonly discarded products.
This food that went to trash was grown on nearly 7% of US farmland, and thousands of billions of gallons of water were used to produce it, according to an article in the newspaper PLOS ONE. It also corresponds to 30% of the calories consumed daily by each American.
Fruit and vegetables account for 39% of all these products, followed by dairy products (17%), meat (14%) and dairy products. cereals (12%).
Among the products least likely to be discarded are crisps, oil, sweets and non-alcoholic beverages.
"Better diets are based on larger proportions of fruits and vegetables, which are wasted in greater quantities than other products, "says Meredith Niles, co-author of the study and assistant professor at the University of Vermont.
" Eating healthy is important and is a source of many benefits, but the more we follow these regimes, the more we need to be aware of food waste. "
The study, based on government figures and surveys on food waste between 2 007 and 2014, reports a "significant" impact on the environment and on farmers.
"This wastes were crops produced" with more than 350 million kg of pesticides and almost billion pounds of fertilizer "each year", according to the same source.
Among the possible solutions to this problem, the study proposes to teach consumers to better prepare and store fresh fruits and vegetables, and suggests that integrating efforts to prevent food waste from government programs.
"Food waste is a multi-layered issue," said lead author Zach Conrad of the Canadian Agricultural Research Service. North Dakota, which depends on the US Department of Agriculture.
"Addressing them holistically will become increasingly important in finding sustainable ways to meet the needs of a growing world population," he said. -t he added.