Paris agreement: former mayor of New York pledges $ 4.5 million

As the president of United States, Donald Trump, announced his intention to leave the Paris agreement in June 2017, environmental initiatives are multiplying in the country. Thus, the former mayor of New York, billionaire and philanthropist Michael Bloomberg, committed Sunday, April 22, 2018 to give $ 4.5 million to fulfill the commitments of United States to the Paris agreement for the climate. " America has made a commitment and as an American, (I think that) if the government does not do it, we all have a responsibility ," said the wealthy man. in an interview for the channel CBS . " I can do it added Michael Bloomberg. So, yes, I'm going to send them a check for the funds that America had promised the organization, as if they had received it from the Federal Government "

A" Serious Error "

The Paris Agreement was signed by 195 countries in Paris in December 2015 under the auspices of the United Nations. A few days after the shocking announcement by the president of the United States to want to leave this historic agreement, Michael Bloomberg submitted to the United Nations a letter signed by more than 1,000 organizations, companies and American local authorities, ready to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Among the thousands of signatories are the powerful states of New York and California and hundreds of companies like the giants Apple, Google and Amazon, all of whom had described the decision to their president as a "serious mistake."

US likely back in the agreement?

million. Bloomberg, mayor of New York from 2002 to 2013, also announced that its foundation, Bloomberg Philanthropies, would provide the UN climate office with the $ 15 million equivalent to the contribution to be made by United States . Donald Trump, meanwhile, hinted that he could accept a possible return of United States within the Paris Agreement but only if there were major changes to the text. He is known to change his mind said Bloomberg So he should change his mind and say "listen, there is really a problem." America is a part America is (also) a big part of the solution and we should intervene to help the world stop a potential catastrophe ". Bloomberg said he hopes the president will make a positive decision by the next expected payment of United States .

Climate: global agreement to reduce carbon emissions from shipping

The International Maritime Organization announced Friday in London the signing of an agreement to reduce "by at least 50%" the CO2 emissions of shipping by 2050 from the level of 2008. [19659002ThisisthefirsttimethattheshippingindustryhassettargetsforfightingclimatechangeThesectorwasnotdirectlyaffectedbytheParisAgreementsignedinDecember2015atCOP21TheIMOhas173MemberStates

This "initial strategy for the first time (…) to reduce total greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 2008 , while continuing its efforts to eliminate them completely, "says the IMO in a statement.

Its Secretary General, Kitack Lim, felt that this was a "basis for future action", and encouraged member states to "continue (their) efforts."

British Minister transport, Nusrat Ghani, hailed a "decisive moment". "We will work with other member states to ensure that the shipping industry makes the transition to zero-emission vessels as quickly as possible," she said.

The decision was obtained after two weeks of negotiations. IMO did not indicate which countries rejected the text. The United States and Saudi Arabia opposed the versions preceding the final agreement.

The agreement emphasizes the willingness of sector players to achieve, beyond the figure of 50%, the total elimination carbon dioxide emissions by 2050. Commercial shipping accounts for 80% of international freight transport, and 2-3% of global CO2 emissions by source.

According to the Institute of Energy UCL, the agreement is compatible with a global warming of 2 ° C compared to the pre-industrial era, a lower ambition than the Paris agreement, which aims for global warming below this level, with a target of 1.5 ° C.

The agreement is the result of a compromise, some Pacific countries and the European Union pushed to adopt a reduction of 70% to 100 here 2050. In contrast, others, like Japan, did not want to impose r 50% reduction in emissions by 2060.

Marshall Islands President Hilda Heine described the agreement as "historic", while stressing the need to "improve it" to give her country threatened by the rising waters, "a path to survival."

The Climate Action Network considered the agreement a "welcome first step", while being attentive to its application.

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The United States can achieve the goals set by the Paris Agreement, according to the UN

Who believed it? The United States are on track to achieve the goals set by the Paris Climate Agreement said the Secretary General of the UN ]. And despite the June 2017 decision of the US President to withdraw from this agreement. Antonio Guterres announced the good news to the press on March 29, 2018. "There are hopes that regardless of the government's position, the United States could be able to meet the commitments made in Paris as that country ".

US heavyweights committed to the climate

At the time of the Obama administration, the United States pledged to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases from 26% to 28% by 2025 (compared to 2005). In June 2017, Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the agreement sparked an international outcry as well as in his country. Cities, companies, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders in American society have responded and launched the movement " We are still in" "we are still here ". Heavyweights like Tesla Facebook Allianz pledged to honor the objectives decreed in the French capital. They announce today represent 127 million Americans and more than 6 billion euros of the economy of the country.

"We have observed in the cities, and we have seen in many states a very strong commitment to the Paris Agreement, so that some indications are even moving in a better direction than was the case recently. "," said Mr. Guterres. He did not, however, give more figures. The Paris Agreement on the climate was the culmination of COP21 in December 2015. After intense negotiations, nearly 200 countries and organizations had agreed to reduce their carbon emissions. The goal was not to exceed an increase in the average temperature of the planet of 2 ° C compared to pre-industrial levels.

President Turning Back

The UN boss warned, however, that greater efforts were needed to achieve this goal in 2020. Climate change is "the most systemic threat to the species ", he warned, adding that recent data on extreme weather events have shown that " 2017 was (a year) full of climate chaos ". A warning that will probably remain a dead letter to the White House: according to an article of New York Times the Trump administration is preparing to make a gesture in favor of the automobile industry in terms of regulation. The New York daily reported the anonymous testimony of a spokeswoman for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). According to her, the administration Trump intends to relax the regulation of gas emissions and diesel savings.

In June 2017, the US president justified his withdrawal from the Paris Agreement by calling it "19459010" "bad agreement" for the country's economy. If some hope that his versatility will make him reconsider his decision, the effective exit of the United States is not for now. A signatory may notify his departure only "at the expiration of three years from the date of entry into force of this Agreement" specifies Article 28 of the text . He must then wait another year before the withdrawal becomes effective. The United States should leave the agreement in November 2020, the full presidential campaign. In the meantime, the UN Secretary-General plans to hold a major summit to take stock of progress in implementing the climate agreement. The presence of the American president is more than uncertain.

In Brixham, fishermen worried about being betrayed by the Brexit agreement

On the bustling wharves of Brixham, a port in southwestern England, fishermen are worried that their concerns will be forgotten in the Brexit negotiations, which they have fought so hard for.

The region voted 63% for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. A clear majority, an expression of the anger felt against EU-imposed fishing quotas, often considered here as responsible for the decline of activity

"As far as I can remember, fishermen have never got a favorable "EU deal," says Dave Banks, who returns from four days at sea. At age 69, he continues to fish cuttlefish, soles and turbot on his 24-meter trawler.

 A fisherman with crates Freshly caught fish on the Stephanie trawler at the Brixham Harbor in the South of England on March 26, 2018 (AFP - Joe JACKSON)

A fisherman with crates of freshly caught fish on the Stephanie trawler at Brixham Harbor in the South of England on March 26, 2018 (AFP – Joe JACKSON)

According to a draft agreement published in March by the British government, the United Kingdom could continue to apply European fishing policy during the 20 months that must lasting transition period after leaving the EU, from 29 March 2019.

This concession caused an outcry among fishermen, some of whom expressed their dissatisfaction by going up the Thames to the Parliament of Westminster, where they discarded fish

 The British Fishing Industry (AFP - Jonathan STOREY)

The British Fishing Industry (AFP – Jonathan STOREY)

"That makes me sick, "says Rick Smith, a retired fisherman who now heads the Brixham Trawler Agents, the organization that organizes the sale of fish by auction every day.

" I hope that we will make enough noise to prevent this from happening, "he adds.

– "Absolutely disgusting" –

The British fishery industry has declined steadily in recent decades, for economic and political reasons.

Since 1938, the number of registered fishermen in the United Kingdom has United has decreased by 75%. The number of boats has decreased by 29% since 1996, to 6,191.

 A member of the crew of the trawler Stephanie at the port of Brixham in the south of England on March 26, 2018 (AFP - Joe JACKSON)

A member of the crew of the Stephanie trawler at Brixham Harbor in the South of England on March 26, 2018 (AFP – Joe JACKSON)

A large number of fishermen have stopped fishing. activity after the introduction of quotas by the EU, which limited the amount of fish they could bring back into their nets.

In the 2000s, the British government also sent boats in dry dock and helped some to reconvert, to maintain sustainable stocks. Fishing accounts for only 0.4% of UK GDP, according to 2016 figures.

"So many boats have gone straight into the wall because of quotas", says Dave Banks, busy unloading the fish crates piled on his ship. "The way in which fishers have been treated for 40 years is absolutely disgusting."

In Brixham, as in many of the surrounding harbors, fishery professionals believe that quotas and access by European vessels off their coasts condemned the industry and prevented them from responding to local demand

 Brixham Harbor on the South Coast of England on March 26, 2018 (AFP - Joe JACKSON)

Brixham Harbor on the south coast of England on March 26, 2018 (AFP – Joe JACKSON)

The case of cod, favorite fish and fish vendors fish, seems particularly sensitive.

In 2016, French fishermen got 72% of the quota for the Channel, against 9% for the British. And even if the UK is catching up in the North Sea, where it holds more than half of the quota, this policy is an aberration for the fishermen of the British south coast.

– "Much resentment" – [19659002] Despite the difficulties, Brixham, located on what locals call the "English Riviera", remains proud of its heritage. Its port remains the largest in England in terms of the value of the landed fishery.

And the city, with its narrow and colorful streets, continues to attract tourists, who enjoy seafood specialties in the many

The locals meet at Crown & Anchor, the nearest pub in the harbor, which is a must for fishermen after their trip to the sea.

"At the time, you could fish whatever you wanted. we wanted to, "recalls nostalgically Andrew McLeaod, 49, who started his business 30 years ago.

This father of five, captain on a trawler, worries that fishing will become a "bargaining chip" in the Brexit negotiations.

"Brixham is fishing. that, we will not remain much ", he is alarmed

 Fishing in the world (AFP - Laurence CHU)

Fishing in the world (AFP – Laurence CHU)

"Undoubtedly, the fishing industry was badly agreed when we entered the EEC," said Brixham Conservative MP Sarah Wollaston.

"If fairness is not when we leave the EU, it will cause a lot of resentment, "she warns.

US Senate Fails Agreement on Immigration Reform

The American Senate on Thursday rejected four proposals on immigration discussed this week to determine the legal status of immigrants without documents threatened by deportation after 5 March.

The Senate failed to make progress at the suggestion of both parties to give young immigrants the path of obtaining citizenship and strengthening security at the border, the blueprint of President Trump's immigration policy, the control of cities that do not cooperate with the Federal Immigration Agency.

Trump's proposal received at least 39 votes from 100 members of the Senate

"I'm disappointed we did not make it to the solution, but that does not mean our job is done" said Senator Republic faction, Cory Gardner in cuitan on Twitter.

"I am very worried about the fate of the so-called youth DREAMERS across the country are now faced with an uncertain future "said Senator Chris Coons of the Democratic Faction in Tuition in T witter. DREAMERS is a term for unmarried teenagers brought into America as a child.

There are almost 800 thousand Dreamers recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) of the Obama administration. They are allowed to study and work in America. Trump removed the program last year and determined the program would end March 5. [al]