Direct sales, better traceability, less greedy production of energy or pesticides: visitors to the show, producers or consumers, are convinced that French agriculture is at a turning point, even if its new face is still a little vague.
"This is a beautiful job that should reinvent itself," said Valerie Ginet, a teacher in Paris, with stroller and child, who surveys the Salon de l'Agriculture during his last hours, Porte de Versailles in Paris. 19659002] For this, she believes that Europe "does not protect enough" agriculture "threatened by foreign competition": "People want more local agriculture, more reasoned, not to make huge productions", short of an agricultural production that is done "on a human scale."
Europe, Marie-Ange Duchier, farmer of Charolais cows in the Creuse, no longer wishes to depend on it: "The subsidies, we would not want more, we would like vi "
She is waiting for clarifications from the government on the model of production encouraged, while the plans for recovery of agriculture in crisis, from the Estates General of Food, Not all of them have been revealed
"It must be remembered that meat has not been more expensive since the 1980s, when our burdens have risen to an extent that is not possible", complains She looked at Lancia, a beautiful cow with a beige dress, peacefully settled in the straw and who did not care about her admirers for a day.
For Marie-Ange, especially, Tomorrow's agriculture will have simplified standards: "There are too many standards that are telescoping, European standards, French standards, because we always want to wash whiter than white," she wails, fearing all the more the arrival on the continent of the meat of the Mercosur countries (Common Market in South America), in case negotiations on the draft free-trade agreement between the South American countries and the EU.
One more reason for it, to clarify the labeling of products and "to stamp French what is French, because some productions today, they return to France and from the moment they returned, they are stamped French. "
– Diversified incomes –
Pupil of agricultural high school in the Limousin, Nicolas is convinced that to make a living the peasant of tomorrow will make direct sales to consumers "to avoid going through supermarkets": "When we see that a cow meat such as ours is paid four euros per kilo and will be sold, for example for a steak 22 euros per kilo, we wonder! We hope that it will change, but it will take a lot of time. "
The agriculture of tomorrow" it is the farmers who fix their price and their market, and who choose their big surface ", wants to believe his comrade Romain.
"Compared to current agriculture, it will be to sell less to supermarkets, sell more locally, there is that that", adds Jérémie Coste, father of Paris family, with wife and
"Today, people consume cheaper foreign products, because their incomes are lower," he says, seeing the internet as a way to "limit intermediaries" and limit production costs in France.
To diversify its sources of income and perhaps be able to sell less expensive, the production of energy seems a good track for Alexandre Bachotet, cereal farmer who cultivates 400 hectares in Côte-d'Or. 19659002] In order to "find a balance" in terms of profitability, "d emain, we can start the methanisation, "he says, to value not only the waste produced by animals, but also straw, and produce gas that will heat communities.
" There will be new crops, decreases in phyto products, biostimulants, algae ", he believes, convinced that" agriculture has a future. "
Like this anonymous, who wrote with chalk on a blackboard open to the public: "No landscape without peasants, think about it".