From Madagascar to the Amazon, warming could threaten up to 50% of species

From Madagascar to the Amazon and even to the Great Plains, climate change could threaten between a quarter and a half of species by 2080 in 33 of the world's most biodiverse regions, according to a report Wednesday.

A + 4.5 ° C warming compared to the Industrial Revolution – horizon that would emerge if nothing was done to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases – 48% of species would be likely to disappear at the local level.

But this risk would be halved if the increase in average temperature was contained at + 2 ° C, the limit set in the Paris agreement adopted in 2015 under the auspices of the UN, notes this analysis published by the review Climatic Change.

"Global biodiversity will suffer terribly during this century, unless we do everything in our power" against this, warns the Global Fund for nature (WWF) , which co-produced the study, presented as the most complete on these thirty zones.

Everywhere, the climate is added to the threats already weighing on the fauna and the flora: urbanization, loss of habitats, poaching, unsustainable agriculture …

 From Madagascar to the Amazon and even to the Great Plains, climate change could threaten between a quarter and a half of species by 2080 in 33 of the world's most rich in biodiversity, according to a report (AFP / Archives - Noah SEELAM)

From Madagascar to the Amazon and even in the American Great Plains, climate change could threaten between a quarter and half of species by 2080 in 33 regions of the world's richest in biodiversity, according to a report (AFP / Archives – Noah SEELAM)

Researchers from the universities of East Anglia (United Kingdom) and James-Cook (Australia) studied the climatic situation of 80,000 th Species in 33 regions considered "priority", as unique and diverse as the Amazon, the Namibian desert, the Himalayas, Borneo, Lake Baikal or southern Chile.

The now exceptionally warm seasons should become the norm, sometimes as early as 2030, and even with limited warming at + 2 ° C. More significant heat spikes, lower precipitation, long-lasting droughts are expected in many places.

Over these areas, more than half of the area (56%) would remain liveable at + 2 ° C. At + 4.5 ° C, this share could fall to 18%: what the WWF calls "refuge" zones.

– More mobile birds and mammals –

 The Great Barrier Reef, Australia , near the Whitsunday Islands coast, photographed on November 20, 2014 (AFP / Archives - SARAH LAI, SARAH LAI)

The Great Barrier Reef, Australia, near the Whitsunday Islands coast, photographed on November 20, 2014 (AFP / Archives – SARAH LAI, SARAH LAI)

Plants should be particularly affected, slower to adapt, moving less easily. Which in turn will harm the dependent animals.

At + 4.5 ° C, 69% of the plant species may disappear in the Amazon.

On the animal side, reptiles and amphibians are more likely to be " obsolete "than birds or mammals, more mobile."

Much will depend on the ability of species to move to follow their preferred climate: can they follow? Will they be blocked, for example by cities, mountains? Will they, on arrival, have a place to live?

Southwestern Australia, in the worst case scenario, sees close to 80% of locally endangered mammal species, a loss reduced to third in a world at + 2 ° C and in case of adaptability of species

Conclusion: "it will take much more important efforts to keep the temperature rise to their absolute minimum", insists the WWF.

At this stage, the emission reduction commitments made in Paris lead the globe towards a warming of more than 3 ° C. However, at + 3.2 ° C, 37% of the species are still at risk of disappearing locally, in the regions studied.

In addition, since the gases already emitted will continue to warm the planet, it will also be necessary to provide protective measures. local: biological corridors to promote the movement of species, identification of areas of "refuge" as a last resort, restoration of habitats …

The Mediterranean, which counts for example three species emblematic of marine tortures, would see close to one third of the plants, mammals and amphibians threatened with + 2 ° C, if no possibility of adaptation is left to them.

This publication comes as Saturday opens in Medellin (Colombia) an important conference on the state Biodiversity in the World.

Extinction does not mean just disappearance of species, says WWF, "but profound changes for ecosystems rendering vital services to hundreds of millions people, "whether it's food, but also supporting tourism or researching future drugs.

Amazon Launches Delivery Service for 'Whole Foods' Order

Online retail giant Amazon ships within two hours of ordering from the Whole Foods grocery store for those who subscribe to Amazon Prime. Amazon Prime fee is 99 dollars per year.

This is Amazon's latest move after recently purchasing Whole Foods. Amazon has already cut the prices of bananas, yogurt and other items, and started selling Kindle in some of 470 Whole Foods stores.

The order delivery service will start Thursday in Austin, Texas, Cincinnati, Dallas, Virginia Beach, Virginia and launched nationwide this year.

Buyers can order meat, seafood and other food items through Amazon apps and sites.

Seattle-based Amazon says it does not charge extra for delivery of goods within two hours of ordering, for purchases above 35 dollars, but delivery service within one hour will cost 8 dollars. [my/jm]

Amazon will expand into the Healthcare Sector

Amazon enters the healthcare sector in partnership with Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathway and JPMorgan Chase bank, to form a company that helps American workers obtain quality healthcare at sensible prices.

The third company leader, Jeff Bezos, Warren Buffet, and Jamie Dimon, on Tuesday (30/1) gave little details and said the plan is still in its infancy.

"The ever-rising cost of health services is like a tapeworm that sucks the American economy," Buffett said in a written statement. "

" Our group does not enter this sector by bringing the answer to the problems that exist. But we do not see the problem as unavoidable, "Buffett added.

The company will be independent and" free from incentives and restraints make profits. "Added, the company's first focus is technology that provides simplified, quality service high and transparent.

It is unclear whether the ultimate goal includes the expansion of the ambitious project from only three companies, but Jamie Dimon says, "Our goal is to create solutions that benefit our employees, their families, and perhaps, all Americans .

Shares of healthcare companies fell sharply in early Tuesday trade, with the emergence of new entity threats to the way healthcare is being paid and fulfilled in America.

The need for solutions to the healthcare crisis in America is intense. 151 million non-seniors, health insurance sponsored by the company will be the largest share in the health insurance market in the United States.

The healthcare costs that companies borne typically rise faster than inflation and ingest a larger portion of the company's budget. Therefore, companies raise the costs that employees and their families have to pay for health care, which is greatly felt by Americans.

According to the Kaiser Family nonprofit foundation, last year only 50 percent of companies with three to 49 employees offered health insurance, down from 66 percent a decade ago. Healthcare laws require all companies with 50 or more employees to provide health insurance to employees. [ds/ka]

Amazon Owner Jeff Bezos is Now the Richest Man in the World CEO Jeff Bezos is now the richest person of all time, with a fortune of $ 105.1 billion, according to Bloomberg financial news agency.

With the stock market surging to its highest point in the first few days of 2018, Bezos' fortune skyrocketed, grew $ 6.1 billion in just five trading days.

It happens because most of Bezos's wealth is in the form of shares of, the online retailing giant. Amazon shares rose 56 percent in 2017 and more than 6 percent since the beginning of this year.

Other financial news trackers differ on whether Bezos is the richest man in history, or if his closest rival, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, maintained the record.

Bezos's fortune surpassed Gates' fortune briefly last year before taking the lead in October and passing the $ 100 billion mark in November, thanks to an online shopping spike in the holiday season ahead of Christmas.

Gates has a fortune of more than $ 90 billion, but financial experts said that his wealth would be worth much more if he did not give a lot of money and Microsoft shares to charity. Bloomberg reported that if Gates did not give $ 36 billion in charitable shares, his wealth would be worth more than $ 150 billion.

In addition to Amazon, Bezos's holdings include The Washington Post newspaper and space exploration company Blue Origin. [lt]