US Researchers Develop Blood Tests That Can Monitor 8 Types of Cancer

The 4th of February was commemorated as World Cancer Day, an annual momentum to raise awareness about cancer and promote prevention, detection and treatment. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center in Baltimore, Maryland are developing blood tests that can monitor eight types of cancer.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide, and most people do not realize that they suffer from this disease until symptoms develop. This can change through a blood test called CancerSEEK.

Nickolas Papadopoulos, an oncologist and pathologist at Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center in Baltimore, Maryland, says, "This test is designed for people who do not show symptoms of cancer. Basically this is the purpose of this test. But the other difference is: one, it's a multi-analytical test that detects DNA and proteins, and it's unique in blood tests because it can detect some types of tumors. ''

Dr. Nickolas Papadopoulos said the test can screen 18 common cancers, and be able to tell where the cancer is located. He and his team at Johns Hopkins Cancer Center Kimmel examined DNA and cancer-related proteins, in the blood of more than a thousand cancer patients. The blood test was positive in about 70% of the patients, and resulted in only seven false-positive results in the control group of 812 healthy people.

Large-scale trials were required, but Papadopoulos said their work could save money and save lives .

'' Caring for patients with advanced cancer is very expensive. The drugs are very expensive. And we believe that the examination test to find out the cancer in people who still feel healthy, has no symptoms whatsoever and hopes that the cancer is still at a very early stage; can be easier to treat and cheaper to care, as well as saving lives than by simply extending their lives, '' Papadopoulos said.

Researchers hope CancerSEEK will eventually become part of routine health checks, as a way of knowing cancer early. [em/ii]

A New Studyable Series of Super Blue Blood Moon

 The super blue blood moon phenomenon will be a great opportunity for scientists to study the moon. So what can be learned from the earth's natural satellites?

Reported from the NASA site on Monday (29/1/2018), the researchers will use a hot-track camera to study the moon.

Super blue blood moon describes the three phenomena of the moon that occur at the same time. All three are blue moon, supermoon, and blood moon.

Blue moon is another term for supermoon. It's just blue moon more refers to the second full moon that occurs in a month. January becomes special because it has 2 full moons. The next phenomenon is blood moon. Blood moon will be observed on 31 January 2018 morning.

For researchers, eclipse offers an opportunity to see what happens and when the moon's surface cools very quickly.

This information will help researchers understand some of the regolith characteristics (a mixture of soil and weathered rocks on the lunar surface) and how they change over time.

"During a lunar eclipse, the temperature of the lunar surface changes dramatically, as if the moon's surface changed from inside the oven (which was immediately transferred) into the refrigerator in just a few hours," says NASA researcher Noah Petro.

Normally, the transition from dark to light takes place at a relatively stable temperature of approximately 29 days. Eclipse makes the temperature change so drastically.

The team will conduct a research fari Observatori Haleakala in Hawaii. They have previously done research related to this some time ago.

"The whole character of the moon changes when we observe with a hot-track camera during an eclipse.In the dark (eclipse), many familiar craters and other parts can not be seen, and usually unfamiliar areas around the crater start ' luminous', because the bushes are still warm, "said University of Colorado Earth Space and Space Science Expert Paul Hayne.
(rna / imk)

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