Trudeau defends pipeline project leading to crisis in Canada

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, on an official visit to France in the coming days, defended on Sunday the plan to expand an oil pipeline to the Pacific, causing an oil-related political crisis in his country.

"Canadians and people around the world know that we can no longer choose between what is good for the environment and what is good for the economy. same time, and above all, we must finance the transition to reduce the use of petroleum products, "Trudeau pleaded in an interview published Sunday on the website of the French newspaper Les Echos, on the eve of his visit in France Monday and Tuesday

M. Trudeau is scheduled to arrive in France Sunday after attending the Summit of the Americas in Peru which ended Saturday. But before his departure for France, he was forced to return to Ottawa Sunday and change at the last minute his international agenda to try to resolve this crisis.

His government authorized in 2016 the American company Kinder Morgan to pass from 300,000 to 890,000 barrels per day the capacity of its Trans Mountain Pipeline, which moves the oil sands from Alberta to the suburbs of Vancouver.

But the province of British Columbia – from where this oil should be loaded on ships to Asia, which fears that an accident will pollute its majestic coasts – is staunchly opposed to this and has decided to take the case to court, supported by a coalition of ecologists and indigenous communities.

Alberta, the third largest reserve of black gold planet, threat in return this neighboring province of economic reprisals "very aggressive".

The Kinder Morgan company threatens to abandon the project. The US group's project is currently the only one that in the short term will allow the Alberta oil industry to sell its growing output while Canada's pipeline system is saturated.

M. Trudeau to receive premiers of both provinces in Ottawa on Sunday

"To achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement (on climate, Ed), Alberta (…) has put an absolute limit on greenhouse gas emissions, because we were able to show that the new pipeline would be supported … ", continued Mr. Trudeau.

"It is certain that people on the left, environmentalists are concerned, but also right-wing people who do not like the idea of ​​carbon taxation, but the vast majority of Canadians understand that to be responsible for future generations, "he said.

Nearly 200 countries and organizations had agreed in Paris at the end of 2015, after intense negotiations, pledging to reduce carbon emissions, up to 2030.

Canada: Oil pipeline causes unprecedented crisis for Justin Trudeau

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau finds himself forced to change at the last minute a busy international agenda to try to resolve a political crisis related to oil, which his country is a major producer.

He will have to return to Ottawa Sunday between the Summit of the Americas that ends Saturday in Peru and a tour of France and the United Kingdom that begins Monday.

The expansion of a pipeline to the Pacific, authorized by the Canadian government, is at the origin of this crisis. The US proponent of the project threatens to abandon it because of fierce opposition from the province of British Columbia.

It is a blow for the Prime Minister who is particularly fond of this Trans Mountain pipeline whose objective is to triple the oil sands production capacity from the Province of Alberta to the Port of Vancouver from 300,000 to 890,000 barrels a day.

The $ 7.4 billion project Canadian dollars (4.8 billion euros) of the US group Kinder Morgan is currently the only short-term allow the oil industry in Alberta, the third reserve of black gold planet, to sell its growing production while the Canadian pipeline system is saturated.

But British Columbia, from where this oil should be loaded on ships to Asia, is staunchly opposed and intends to take the case to court again. , supported by a coalition of ecologists and indigenous communities.

 March against the Trans Mountain pipeline of Kinder Morgan, a US company in Burnaby, British Columbia, on March 10, 2018 (AFP / Archives - Jason Redmond )

March against the Trans Mountain pipeline of Kinder Morgan, a US company in Burnaby, British Columbia, on March 10, 2018 (AFP / Archives – Jason Redmond)

return this neighboring province of economic reprisals "very aggressive"

M. Trudeau to receive premiers of both provinces in Ottawa Sunday "to discuss next steps to advance the pipeline project," tweeted Cameron Ahmad, his spokesperson.

Fearing further delays in this authorized project in 2016, Kinder Morgan suspended the expansion on Sunday, calling for "clarity" for future events, and in particular "the possibility of doing work in British Columbia."

The American Group gave himself until May 31 to get along with "the different parties" in this file and "allow the project to move forward."

– More gas? –

The refusal of British Columbia, which fears that an accident will pollute its majestic coasts, has triggered the ire of the Government of Alberta, which depends on the exploitation of oil and is lacking oil pipelines to expand production

The Canadian oil industry is struggling to build new pipelines, particularly to the eastern provinces (Ontario, Quebec and the Maritime Provinces). In their absence, Canada, seventh largest producer of black gold in the world with a capacity of 3.9 million barrels a day, is forced to import from abroad 670,000 barrels per day to serve these regions, noted this week the National Energy Board.

After boycotting BC wine this winter and ceasing to buy electricity, Alberta threatens to introduce a bill Monday to cut off gasoline supplies.

The Federal Government being the only authority to authorize an oil pipeline between two provinces, Justin Trudeau called on British Columbia to "stop its obstruction" of this "project of national interest."

Ottawa and Alberta are also considering taking a stake in pipeline to reassure Kinder Morgan investors.

After rejecting a year and a half ago another pipeline supposed to connect Alberta to the coast of British Columbia, Mr. Trudeau defends this time the Expansion of Trans Mountain and insists that the economy and the protection of the environment can go hand in hand.

This position poses risks for him in view of the parliamentary elections of October 2019: he was elected on the promise e to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, one-quarter of which come from oil sands operations in Alberta

But British Columbia is one of three provinces, with Ontario and Quebec, having elected the most members of the party of Justin Trudeau in 2015, while Alberta has only three of the 183 Liberals in the House.

The situation is more perilous for the Prime Minister from British Columbia, John Horgan, who came to power last year while campaigning against the pipeline. The survival of his minority government depends on the support of three Green elected officials, who are very hostile to the project.

Canada: Defeat of Opponents of a Controversial Pipeline in the West

The Canadian province of British Columbia, on the Pacific coast, promised Monday to continue its legal fight against the expansion of a controversial oil pipeline after a federal court refused to rule on this thorny case. 19659002] Local Authorities Oppose Canadian Federal Government's Decision to Allow US Company Kinder Morgan to Upgrade Trans Mountain Oil Pipeline from Alberta's Oil Sands to 300 Million Barrels Per Day the suburbs of Vancouver

 March of Aboriginal Peoples and opponents of the Trans Mountain Pipeline of the American Kinder Morgan Company in Burnaby in the Canadian Province of British Columbia, March 10, 2018 (AFP / Archives - Jason Redmond )

March of Aboriginal Peoples and Opponents of the Trans Mountain Pipeline of the American Kinder Morgan Company in Burnaby in the Canadian Province of British Columbia , March 10, 2018 (AFP / Archives – Jason Redmond)

Elected in the summer of 2017, notably on the promise to fight the development of fossil fuels, the Social Democratic Government of British Columbia challenged this authorization with the Federal Court of Appeal. But this court refused Friday to seize the file.

"We are very disappointed that the Federal Court of Appeal has rejected our request for appeal," told AFP George Heyman, Minister of the Environment and British Columbia's Climate Change.

"Our government will continue its legal struggle against this pointless project," he said.

Another legal remedy, initiated by Aboriginal people, is currently between Supreme Court of the Province.

 Opposition to Trans Mountain Pipeline of Kinder Morgan US Company in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, March 10, 2018 (AFP / Archives - Jason Redmond)

Opposition to the Trans Mountain pipeline of the American company Kinder Morgan in Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada), March 10, 2018 (AFP / Archives – Jason Redmond)

Opponents of the pipeline Kinder Morgan point the risks of oil spill, with the increased maritime traffic, and their impact on threatened populations of marine mammals.

They also believe that by increasing the volume of oil sent to the US or Asian markets, Justin Trudeau's federal government is violating its commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which led to the warming of planet.

Climate: Canada may miss 2020 target

Canada is likely to miss its 2020 greenhouse gas reduction target, according to a report released on Tuesday.

And to meet its commitment under the Kyoto Accord Paris to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% by 2030 compared to 2005, it "will have to make considerable efforts and take measures that go beyond those already planned or "

Ottawa has an intermediate mission for 2020: to reduce GHG emissions by 17% – considered to be responsible for global warming – compared to 2005. But they" should 20% the target set, "said Julie Gelfand, Federal Commissioner for the Environment, in this report.

The document is based on audit reports of measures taken by the federal government but also by twelve of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada to reduce their emissions.

"Federal, provincial and territorial audits confirm that everyone is working on climate change but we are still far from the finish line," Gelfand said in a summary.

 Canada will likely miss its 2020 greenhouse gas reduction target, according to a report (AFP / Archives - DON EMMERT)

Canada will likely miss its gas reduction target greenhouse gas it had set for 2020, according to a report (AFP / Archives – DON EMMERT)

Seven of the twelve provinces and territories examined have no reduction target for 2020. Among those only two – New Brunswick and Nova Scotia – appear to be reaching them.

"Given current federal, provincial and territorial policies and measures, it is not expected that Canada is in a position to achieve its target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, "says the report, highlighting" common shortcomings. "

It stresses, in particular, that the plans in place do not contain most of the time" no intermediate steps to reach the overall commitments made, deadlines for the implementation of the planned measures, or explanations of the sources of funding for these measures. "

" Of course we have work to do ", acknowledged Catherine McKenna, federal Minister of Environment and Climate Change, to the press.

Pointing to the previous government in power from 2006 to 2015, which she said" did nothing for ten years "The minister admitted that" it is difficult "to meet the 2020 target." We have a target for 2030 and a plan to achieve it, "she said.

" We invest historically in public transit, in green infrastructure , in parks and protected areas, "said Ms. McKenna, pointing out that climate change," this is the biggest challenge of our generation ".

Canada and Mexico Reassure US About NAFTA Benefits

Canadian and Mexican senior officials expressed frustration with current American doubts about free trade, and said the benefits for the three countries should always be remembered during the current NAFTA renegotiation, the Associated Press reported Wednesday (21/2).

Canadian Ambassador to the United States David MacNaughton told a meeting of business and academic leaders at Arizona State University that better messages are needed to eliminate US concerns that the three countries successfully reorganize the North American Free Trade Agreement that has been in effect for 25 years .

He said the three countries should recognize that they can benefit by lowering tariffs and other barriers to international trade.

Ambassador Mario Chacon of Mexico promoting foreign trade and investment, told the group that the cause of the loss is largely American jobs is the result of technology, not free trade. "We lost our jobs because of robots, machines," Chacon said, adding that every country needs to train workers to fill new jobs in a developing economy. [as/al]