The State Council on Wednesday condemned the government for its inaction in the fight against light pollution, demanding that it take a series of orders, a decision hailed by environmental associations.
According to the decision of the Council of State, "the Minister of ecological transition and solidarity is enjoined to enact these orders within nine months from the notification of this decision". "A penalty of 500 euros per day" delay is provided, says the Council of State.
The three associations, France nature environment (FNE), the Rhône-Alpes Federation of Nature Protection (FRAPNA) and the National Association for the Protection of the Sky and the Environment Nocturnes (ANPCEN), who had seized the Council of State, welcomed this decision.
It is "urgent now to move from intention to action so that these objectives finally become a tangible reality ", claims Raymond Léost, in charge of legal matters for FNE, quoted in a statement.
The Grenelle 2 law of 2010 provided measures against light pollution, which affects human health , animals and plants, but the decrees specifying their implementation had never been published.
Anne-Marie Ducroux, president of the ANPCEN, regretted that "it is necessary that associations make a dispute before the highest jurisdiction to take into account the plural issues of light pollution. "
Light at night can disrupt the circadian rhythm, the biological clock, which increases the risk of cancer, diabetes and depression . It can also inhibit the dormancy of plants that allows them to survive the rigors of winter.
According to a global atlas of light pollution published in 2016, more than 80% of humanity lives under heaven flooded with light artificial, and one-third of the planet's population can never see the Milky Way.