Abandoned on 17 January by the government, the disputed project to build an airport at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, some twenty kilometers north of Nantes, dates back to the 1960s. Here are the ten dates- keys:
– 1965/70: choice of site –
The prefect of Loire-Atlantique launches in 1965 the search for a site for a new airport in the West to accommodate the Concorde. The area of Notre-Dame-des-Landes is preferred to 17 others. This choice was validated in 1970 by the Interministerial Committee for Regional Planning (Ciat).
– 1974: creation of the ZAD –
A deferred development zone (ZAD) of 1,225 hectares is created on the site Notre-Dame-des-Landes, resulting in the gradual pre-emption of land by the General Council of Loire-Atlantique.
– 2000: revival of the project –
On October 26, 2000, the Socialist Prime Minister Lionel Jospin relaunched the project, put to sleep more than 25 years. A public debate, conducted until 2003, does not bring any consensus. The decree declaring the new airport of public utility (DUP) is published on February 10, 2008 in the Official Journal, after a favorable opinion of the commission of inquiry.
– 2009: occupation –
Anti-capitalist militants begin to occupy the ZAD in August 2009 after the holding of a "climate action camp"
– 2010: concession to Vinci –
Vinci wins in December the call for tenders for the design, the financing, the construction and operation of the future airport for a period of 55 years
– 2012/13: "commission of the dialogue" –
Suspending the operation "Caesar", aimed at expelling the occupants of the ZAD, the Government of Jean-Marc Ayrault sets up in late 2012 a "commission of dialogue". It concludes in April 2013 to the usefulness of the project, while recommending an improvement of the measures of environmental compensation.
– 2015: green light to work –
On October 30, 2015, the prefecture of Loire-Atlantique announces the resumption of work for 2016, following the rejection in July of the environmental remedies filed by the opponents and the confirmation by Prime Minister Manuel Valls of the continuation of the project. On January 25, 2016, the justice validates the expulsion of the last farmers and historic residents living on the ZAD
– June 26, 2016: local consultation –
The voters of Loire-Atlantique vote in favor of the construction of the new airport, more than 55% of the vote, during a consultation organized by the President of the Republic, Francois Hollande, who promises that the result will be respected. Despite the validation by the court orders authorizing the work in mid-November, the government of Bernard Cazeneuve gives up on December 9 its goal of an evacuation of the ZAD, scheduled for the fall.
– December 13, 2017: Ultimate Expert Report –
After a six-month mission, three mediators appointed by the executive for, "one last time, look at things" and "bring down the tension" on this highly contested issue, give their copy to the Prime Minister, proposing two options, either the construction of the new airport at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, or the redevelopment of the existing one of Nantes Atlantique. The government promises a "clear" and "assumed" decision on the continuation or not of the project before the end of January 2018.
– January 17, 2018: abandonment of the project
Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announces at a conference of press the abandonment of the project to build an airport in Notre-Dame-des-Landes, opting for a redevelopment of the current airport of Nantes-Atlantique.