Americans throw 150,000 tons of food a day (study)

Americans waste nearly 150,000 tons of food a day, the equivalent of more than 400 grams per person, a study said Wednesday, noting that fruits and vegetables were the most commonly discarded products.

This food that went to trash was grown on nearly 7% of US farmland, and thousands of billions of gallons of water were used to produce it, according to an article in the newspaper PLOS ONE. It also corresponds to 30% of the calories consumed daily by each American.

Fruit and vegetables account for 39% of all these products, followed by dairy products (17%), meat (14%) and dairy products. cereals (12%).

Among the products least likely to be discarded are crisps, oil, sweets and non-alcoholic beverages.

"Better diets are based on larger proportions of fruits and vegetables, which are wasted in greater quantities than other products, "says Meredith Niles, co-author of the study and assistant professor at the University of Vermont.

" Eating healthy is important and is a source of many benefits, but the more we follow these regimes, the more we need to be aware of food waste. "

The study, based on government figures and surveys on food waste between 2 007 and 2014, reports a "significant" impact on the environment and on farmers.

"This wastes were crops produced" with more than 350 million kg of pesticides and almost billion pounds of fertilizer "each year", according to the same source.

Among the possible solutions to this problem, the study proposes to teach consumers to better prepare and store fresh fruits and vegetables, and suggests that integrating efforts to prevent food waste from government programs.

"Food waste is a multi-layered issue," said lead author Zach Conrad of the Canadian Agricultural Research Service. North Dakota, which depends on the US Department of Agriculture.

"Addressing them holistically will become increasingly important in finding sustainable ways to meet the needs of a growing world population," he said. -t he added.

NDDL: the gendarmerie operations continue on the 8th day

The gendarmes continued to clear the roads of the ZAD Monday morning after new barricades erected in the night by the zadistes, the 8th day of operations to return to the rule of law in Notre-Dame-des-Landes, AFP reported.

According to a source familiar with the matter, the night was rather calm.

The zadists took advantage of the night to rebuild barricades, especially on the D81, which the gendarmes tried to clear in the morning, as they do every day.

A gendarmerie helicopter was still flying over the area. After the passage of gendarmes to clear the road, the zadistes went up again their barricades on the D81 in the late morning, found journalists of AFP.

Shots of pomegranate still resonated, including the "Gourbi", a place of life emblematic of the ZAD, destroyed last week, where the zadistes managed to carry a wooden frame in the night.

About fifty of them protected this frame Monday morning against the intervention of the forces of the order, before being evacuated by the gendarmes who were busy in the middle of the morning to destroy it by sawing it in pieces.

But the clashes were much more moderate than the day before when the support of the zadistes had attacked at several times the positions of the gendarmes with Molotov cocktail, rockets, homemade bombs filled with steel balls, and bottles of acid.

These violent clashes, on the sidelines of a gathering A number of people were injured in the ZAD, which gathered several thousand people on Sunday, seven wounded on the gendarmes' side: three were struck by the explosions of a homemade bomb, two were burned by Molotov cocktails and two by the acid.

Eight protesters were arrested Sunday, according to the prefecture of Loire-Atlantique.

The operation of expulsion of the illegal occupants of the ZAD, which mobilizes 2,500 gendarmes, began Monday, April 9 and in three days 29 squats were destroyed.

Operations now focus on the free movement of roads, the clearing of squats and the maintenance of order. But the Zadists have called their reinforcements more and more on the spot, including "blacks blocks", to try to reinvest the destroyed sites.

The President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron said Sunday that "all that will have to be evacuated will be "on the ZAD, at the end of the new period of regularization (April 23) left to the illegal occupants.

Sixth day of clashes in Notre-Dame-des-Landes

The clashes resumed Saturday morning at the ZAD Notre-Dame-des-Landes where hundreds of opponents have in particular delivered barricades where the gendarmes have been trying to dismantle them, the day after a surprise visit. of the Prime Minister, according to AFP journalists

The gendarmes were not responding with tear gas and stun grenades at the firing of rockets of the opponents. A drone flew over the area.

There were at least three wooden barricades or rebuilt tires on the D81, one of which was inflamed.

A helicopter overflight in the night allowed to observe four barricades on this road . "A clearance operation was launched around 07:00 this morning with two armored vehicles in the lead and some squadrons.The barricades were not held and not trapped", according to the gendarmerie.

The police were fired a shot Molotov cocktail and acid spray on the "Suez Road" and fought back with tear gas. There were no casualties.

The medical team of zadistes evoked, for its part, a dozen wounded in their ranks.

While it was 250 at the beginning of the week, the number of opponents rose to 700 Thursday night, according to General Richard Lizurey, director general of the gendarmerie.

 Prime Minister Edouard Philippe (left) and Interior Minister Gérard Collomb (2nd from right) visit the gendarmes mobilized at Notre-Dame-des-Landes on April 13, 2018 (AFP / Archives - Franck Dubray)

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe (left) and Interior Minister Gerard Collomb (2nd from right) visit the gendarmes mobilized at Notre-Dame-des-Landes on April 13, 2018 (AFP / Archives – Franck Dubray)

"We had 700 people in front of us, including extremely violent people, the ultra-left, some + black blocks + are present here.The only goal is to break, to break the police, to hurt, to attack, to vandalize, "he regretted Friday morning.

During a surprise visit to the gendarmes Friday, Edouard Philippe warned against any reoccupation of the evacuated sites while keeping the extended hand to the zadistes who accept the process of regularization.

Doing the po Regarding the expulsions started on Monday, Édouard Philippe declared that "the set of objectives that we had set ourselves was reached: 29 squats (out of 96) were deconstructed and their occupants expelled".

NDDL: more violent clashes on the second day of the evictions

Violent clashes erupted Tuesday between the occupants of the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes and the police who started the destruction of places of life or agricultural projects sometimes implanted for a long time on the

Monday, the first day of the operation, "they (the gendarmes, ed) destroyed the sheepfold of the 100 names.Today, they are attacking other agricultural places, they attack all agricultural projects contrary to what they said, "said Sarah, expelled Monday from the locality" The 100 names. "

" If tonight, the prefecture does not withdraw its troops, this is the general mobilization, "announced the" historic "farmer Julien Durand, spokesperson for the main association of opponents of the former airport project.

On the second day of this massive operation to dislodge the occupants , nearly three months after the abandonment of the airport project, the clashes have hardened with "at the height of the day" in front of gendarmes "350 violent opponents, equipped and determined to confront," according to the boss of the gendarmerie, General Richard Lizurey, on BFM.

 Notre-Dame-des- Landes (AFP - Paul DEFOSSEUX)

Our Lady of the Landes (AFP – Paul DEFOSSEUX)

Ten gendarmes and one opponent were wounded, according to the prefect of the Pays de la Loire region Nicole Klein. According to the medical team of zadistes, about 30 opponents were injured, including two serious injuries hospitalized.

The clashes began around 07H30, a little over an hour after the resumption of operations. In the early evening, clashes continued near the D281, the Black Fosses, with continuous fire of tear gas, found a journalist from AFP. The "100 names", destroyed on Monday, twenty zadistes recovered what could be in the debris of their home: photos, linen, books, furniture, etc.

The intervention could "last until the end of the week, "said Interior Minister Gérard Collomb.

-" Destroy All "-

" There are people who were not there to refuse the construction of an airport but to refuse all the rules of life in society, or at least of life in society and in a state of law ", declared the Prime Minister Edouard Philippe at the end of the day.

" We want to recover the grounds for that agricultural projects can develop there, we do it with a lot of control in the use of force but also with a lot of resolution, a lot of firmness ", he said.

January 17, when he ended the airport project at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, he undertook to eradicate the "zone of not right "that constituted the Zad.

At a press point in Nantes at 17:00 Nicole Klein assured Tuesday that there would be" no total evacuation "of the Zad, stating:" we do not touch not to the frame ". "We only took care of the squats, which were boards".

The stated goal is "30 to 40" sites to dismantle, she said. "We'll go that far, unless there's a change of purpose."

"For me, the negotiation can only continue, it's not a + tabula rasa +", she said. said at the press point, reaffirming that the hand of the state remained tense. "The dialogue is not interrupted at all, it will resume, I hope, as quickly as it will be possible," she told AFP.

The Minister of the Interior recalled having given to the security forces "the greatest restraint". "We do not want a Rémi Fraisse (a young man killed by an offensive grenade during clashes in Sivens in 2014, ed)," he said.

In the early afternoon Tuesday, some fifteen "vigilant" tractors have arrived in the area to surround the Black Fossils, an emblematic place in the ZAD where several agricultural projects have settled, including bakery and brewer activities declared to the MSA as peasant farmers.

"They (the gendarmes) continue to want to destroy everything.Tractors vigilant are there to protect all places of life," said to AFP Cyril Bouligand, member of Copain 44, collective of agricultural organizations.

This large-scale operation plans to expel anyone who has not regularized its situation by declaring new individual agricultural projects.

The police will be deployed "time to ensure that the stabilization phase is well started, "which e "the deconstruction takes place and that the clearing of this zone is implemented", insisted the general Lizurey.

alh-asl-aag-bur / mcl / bh

World Water Day: International Forum Focuses on Water Use in Agriculture

"Making every drop count" . The slogan carried by the last report of the UN is at the heart of International Water Forum from March 18 to 23, 2018. In Brasilia, it brings together nearly 40,000 people Heads of State, mayors of cities around the world, as well as scientists and environmental activists. The purpose of the second day of the event is as ambitious as it is necessary: ​​to rationalize the use of water in agricultural practices.

The report of the UN estimates that by 2050, about 5.7 billion people could run out of water. We know that agriculture is particularly greedy for this resource. "At a time when we are under constant pressure on the quantity of water available, it is important to do everything possible to use these resources in the most efficient way" stressed Claudia Sadoff, Director of the International Institute for Water Management, with headquarters in Sri Lanka . She participated in a round table on how we consume the available water.

Visitors to the Citizen Village, on the sidelines of the Forum in Brasilia, where we discover the need to clean the oceans. © AFP – Sergio LIMA

Brazil is home to 18% of the world's drinking water

It is divided into two categories: "blue" water, which is found in lakes and rivers, and "green" water, contained in soils and woods. The Brazil devotes for example 50% of the water of its rivers and lakes for agriculture. He is one of the world's leading suppliers of foods. Between 1990 and 2015, the total volume of agricultural production more than doubled, and that of animal production tripled, according to the report "OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2015-2024" of ONU. This therefore represents an increase in water consumption. "We want to reduce this quantity, develop more efficient plants, improve production systems and create more efficient equipment" explained to AFP Mauricio Lopes, President of Embrapa, the National Institute of Agricultural Research. According to him, "there is a boom in water management practices to save this resource, and also in plant genetics" "this revolution is already here"

Visitors discover a reenactment of life on the Brazilian base in Antarctica, on the sidelines of the Forum in Brasilia. © AFP – Sergio LIMA

Brazil's agro-industrial sector remains highly criticized by conservationists. The country practices a massive deforestation : nearly 8000 km² disappeared in 2016 according to the National Research Institute in the Amazon. Mr. Lopes wished to emphasize that 66% of its territory remains "still" covered with native plants. The stakes are high: the South American giant has the richest biodiversity in the world and is home to 18% of the world's drinking water. Biodiversity and water are deeply linked to each other. "Brazil is an extremely diverse country, there are six biomasses, we have very sensitive areas and to maintain this biological wealth, we need water". "We must lead an intelligent management of the water resource in order not to lose (this) equilibrium" however, he acknowledged.

Technology to improve uses

The drone is increasingly used by farmers. © AFP – François Nascimbeni

In the face of criticism, Brazil's Confederation of Agriculture and Fisheries (CNA) President Joao Marins also defended himself on the occasion of the International Water Forum . "We want to take advantage of this moment to demystify these subjects and prove that the rural producer takes care of the water and the earth more than anyone, because in the end, if it destroys the sources of water, he will destroy his own heritage "he pleaded, unveiling a new irrigation program.

In order to preserve water, technology can also be useful. Isabel Garcia Tejerina, the Spanish Minister of Agriculture, spoke of her use as a means of revitalizing the rural world, essential for food production. The tools it offers are varied: intelligent irrigation systems, drones satellites or agricultural machinery connected to databases. However, they remain little deployed on a global scale.