The worrying state of biodiversity in figures

As the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) prepares to reveal the state of the world's flora and fauna, this is what we know so far: [19659002] – Two species of vertebrates have disappeared each year for an average of a century

– The Earth is facing a "massive extinction", the first since the disappearance of dinosaurs about 65 million years ago, the sixth in 500 million years

– About 41% of amphibians and more than a quarter of mammals are threatened with extinction

– Nearly half of coral reefs have disappeared in the last 30 years [19659002] – The populations of 3,706 species of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles have decreased by 60% in just 40 years from 1970

– 25,821 of the 91,523 species listed on the "Red List" established by the International Union for nature conservation (IUCN) and updated in 2017, were classified as "threatened"

– Of this total, 5,583 were "severely" endangered, 8,455 "endangered" and 11,783 "vulnerable"

– – The number of African elephants has dropped by about 111,000 between 2006 and 2016, to 415,000 specimens

– Our planet has about 8.7 million species of plants and animals according to estimates, of which 86% of terrestrial species and 91% of marine species still to be discovered

– Of those that are known and listed, 1,204 mammal species, 1,469 birds, 1,215 reptiles, 2,100 amphibians and 2,386 fish are threatened [19659002] – 1.414 insect species, 2.187 molluscs, 732 crustaceans, 237 corals, 12.505 plants, 33 mushrooms and six brown algae are also under threat

– Economic losses from deforestation and forest degradation account for up to 3.6 trillion Euro ($ 4.5 trillion)

– A conference of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) from the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, developed in Nagoya in 2010 Japan a 20-point program to halt biodiversity loss by 2020

– These "Aichi Targets" aim, among other things, to halve the rate of habitat loss, expand conservation areas terrestrial and aquatic, preventing the extinction of threatened species and restoring at least 15% of degraded ecosystems

Sources: WWF Living Planet Report, IUCN Red List, PLoS Biology scientific journal, Proceedings of the IUCN Red List National Academy of Sciences, CBD, Economics and Ecosystems Economics Task Force (TEEB)

30 years later: the IPCC in 5 figures

On March 13, 2018 takes place the 47th meeting of IPCC the Intergovernmental Panel on the Evolution of climate . A true reference for policy makers, it assesses the state of scientific knowledge on climate change and the possibilities envisaged to mitigate or adapt to it. On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the intergovernmental body, here are some key figures to better understand its role and functioning.

2500 scientists

In all, nearly 2500 scientists have taken part or are still working on development of a report, from writing to peer review. The 5th IPCC report (in 2014) was written by more than 830 authors. None of them are paid by the group for their work, the scientist always depends on his laboratory of origin. Added to this figure are the "contributing authors". Their mission: to provide technical information on a specific subject covered by the chapter

The role of scientists does not stop there. The first phase of proofreading is provided by experts who are in charge of commenting on the exact and exhaustive nature of the writings. They compose a review committee following the invitation by the IPCC or at their own request. During the writing of the last evaluation report, nearly 2000 experts provided 140,000 re-reading comments.

6 million euros

The annual IPCC budget amounts to about 6 million euros and the 195 member states contribute voluntarily. The United States, whose financing amounted to approximately 1.6 million euros, decided to cease their contribution in 2016. To compensate for this drastic decline, France reassessed in 2018 its contribution to a million dollars. euros until 2022 – This funding is provided through the Ministries of Ecological Transition, Foreign Affairs and Research

5 reports

The IPCC has published 5 evaluation reports since its creation: in 1990, in 1995, 2001 2007 and 2014 . A report is usually composed of three volumes that correspond to the analyzes of the three IPCC working groups. Each tackles an area:

· The Physical Basis of the Climate System and Climate Change

· The Impact on the Socio-Economic Sector and Systems and options to adapt to it

· options for mitigating the phenomenon with lower greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) [19659016] There is also a "task force" that develops methodological monitoring of GHGs around the world

IPCC members do not carry out scientific research but evaluate and synthesize work carried out in laboratories all over the world. The 5th report summarizes, for example, 9,200 studies.

2,000 to 3,000 pages

Initially composed of several hundred pages, the IPCC reports are now more extensive and reach two or three thousand pages. For greater clarity, they provide policy makers with a document summarizing their analysis. All reports are freely available online … provided you can read in English.

2022: the next report

The 6th report of the IPCC will be published in 2022. Three special reports will be written in parallel, one of which "the impact of a global warming of 1.5 ° C above pre-industrial levels and on the corresponding greenhouse gas emission trajectories "according to a press release of the Ministry of Ecological transition.It will be published in October 2018.

Sources: Understanding the IPCC better IPCC website Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Hunting in Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand Construction Figures Arrested Apparatus

Thai officials say the president director of one of Thailand's largest construction companies has been arrested for hunting wildlife in a wildlife reserve and found to have the skin of a panther and other animals.

Department of National Park, Conservation of Flora and Fauna Thailand announced that Premchai Karnasuta was arrested on Sunday with three others after park officials were informed that they had set up camp in a rare wildlife refuge near the border in western Thailand.

The statement said Tuesday the park's guards found firearms and the carcass of a black panther, a rare chicken, and a deer. Guard officers file allegations of hunting protected animals and violate the law of arms ownership

Police say Premchai has denied the allegations. [lt]