In France, a "retirement home" for chickens saved from slaughterhouse

Sun, fresh grass and unlimited food in a secure 16-hectare park: the first "retirement home" for laying hens has just welcomed 600 boarders in a French farm, property of a start-up who wants to save the chickens of the slaughterhouse by producing eggs differently

"The egg that does not kill the chicken" is the slogan chosen by the company "Poulehouse", created early 2017 in Coussac-Bonneval, 40 km south of Limoges (center-west), and already almost at financial equilibrium.

"It is by becoming a vegetarian that I became interested in eggs, a source of animal protein a priori (obtained) without suffering. And I discovered that the vast majority of chickens, including those from organic farms, are sent to the slaughterhouse at only 18 months "while they can live much longer, says Fabien Sauleman, co-founder of Poulehouse.

"Especially since a hen can lay eggs Throughout her life, she is just a little less productive "when she gets older, says her partner Elodie Pellegrain, agronomist by profession.

Hence the idea of ​​a" retirement system "for hens

"Our bet was that people were willing to pay more for an ethical egg, with full traceability, but also so that farmers are paid the right price and the hens are not killed," says Sebastien Neusch, in charge of digital and marketing at Poulehouse, where he is co-founder and managing director.

Bet held: "The first tests on Facebook were so conclusive that a community was born around the project even before the company "19659002] The concept is similar to the French pay-as-you-go system: active hens work to pay for the retirement of their elders.

– Chickens with eggs gold – [19659002] Young hens, at the height of their egg-laying potential, are at work with organic breeders, partners of the brand. The latter, four in number at the moment, pledge to practice no mutilation of the beak, to market the eggs under the brand name "Poulehouse" and to return the layers to the start-up rather than to the slaughterhouse when they reach 18 months

 Fabien Sauleman (c), Elodie Pellegrin (L) and Sébastien Neusch, at the head of

Fabien Sauleman (c), Elodie Pellegrin (L) and Sébastien Neusch, head of "Poulehouse", which offers a retirement home for chickens in Coussac-Bonneval, April 6, 2018 (AFP – PASCAL LACHENAUD)

In exchange, farmers collect a few cents for each egg.

Sold for one euro each – about twice as expensive as a classic organic egg – the Poulehouse eggs not only finance the comfort of the retired hens in Coussac-Bonneval, but also the whole research and development part of the company.

"In the long term, our project is that organic farmers settle on the same model and keep the old hens at home, because we will have proved that at the price of the ethical egg that we propose the business model works" , Fabien summarizes.

According to this Parisian entrepreneur, "twenty or so farmers want to join the network, but for the moment we do not have enough outlets."

Since the first boxes were marketed in September 2017, 400,000 eggs have already been sold in 300 points of sale, organic (Biocoop, Naturalia) or conventional supermarkets (Franprix, Monoprix and soon Carrefour).

This fall, Poulehouse plans to welcome 3,000 additional gallinaceous plants in its farm. Coussac-Bonneval, able to accommodate up to 18,000 boarders in total.

And for future retirees, a fundraising is underway on a dedicated crowdfunding platform. Innovations (myoptions.co) to raise 100,000 euros and build new warehouses

In addition to raising public awareness of the fate of chickens, the Limousin farm will also be dedicated to research, with the aim of collecting mortality data. , the productivity and health status of hens beyond the 18 fateful months. A task assigned to the team's scientist, Elodie Pellegrain, in coordination with a homeopathic veterinarian

The government wants to double the share of organic agricultural land in France

The government wants to double the share of organic agricultural land in France. To do this, it will devote more than one billion euros to its development. The government claims an increase of 62% of the envelope compared to the previous plan ambition bio. It hopes to increase from 6.5 to 15% of the land cultivated in organic by the end of the five-year period. It is also a question, for the French government, of responding to a growing demand from consumers for organic products. France currently imports about 30% of the organic food it consumes.

The government wants to ensure a 20% share of organic food in catering and 50% in school canteens by 2022. A an important challenge when we know that the share of this agriculture in French schools is currently 3.5%.

10% of agroecological farms in France

In parallel with this announcement, the Minister of Agriculture Stéphane Travert, traveling to Rome where the second international symposium on agroecology organized by the FAO is taking place, announced that " France will multiply by ten the number of farms engaged in agriculture. agroecology, to reach 10% of French farms "

The French Minister assured that agroecology allows" to make the transition from intensive agricultural model to more sustainability by responding to did that multiply on agronomic plans economic, food, social and environmental . I will be keen to support participatory innovation projects, because agroecological practices are neither outdated, nor past, but modern, and related to digital technology, they will meet all the challenges "

Stéphane Le Foll, Mr. Travert's predecessor, was himself very committed to the development of agroecology, and the former French minister is at the origin of the" agroecological project 2012 "which has led to the launch of nearly 500 economic and environmental interest groups (GIEE) In conclusion of this second edition of the International Symposium on Agroecology, José Graziano da Silva, Director General of the UN Agency for Agriculture and Food (FAO) wished to thank France, which, in her words, " was the first to implement agroecological principles in a comprehensive and integrated way ".

With AFP

Agroecology: France wants to move to 10% of the farms concerned, Travert announces

France will "multiply by ten" the number of farms engaged in agroecology, to reach "10% of French farms," ​​said Thursday the French Minister of Agriculture Stéphane Travert in Rome. [19659002] This statement, in the context of the second international symposium on agroecology organized by FAO in Rome, is in parallel with the announcement in Paris of a plan of 1.1 billion euros to develop agriculture organic in France, doubling by the end of the five-year period the areas cultivated in bio to 15% of agricultural surfaces, instead of 6.5% currently.

For the French Minister, agroecology, which includes the organic agriculture and defends the use of more nature-friendly methods, makes it possible to achieve the "transition" of the intensive agricultural model towards more sustainability, and to respond to "the increasing challenges", "agronomic, economic, food, social , environmental "

" I ' will be keen to support participatory innovation projects, because agroecological practices are neither outdated, nor past, but modern, and in connection with digital technologies, they will meet all challenges, "said the French Minister

His predecessor Stéphane Le Foll had in fact launched 500 economic and environmental interest groups (GIEE) representing 7,500 farms sharing their knowledge of agroecology.

M. Travert also cited the 3,000 French farms engaged in the "Dephy" network of reduction of chemical inputs, which produce "references" and have "already shown that it is possible to reduce the use of pesticides without degrading the economic results"

In conclusion, José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the United Nations Agency for Agriculture and Food (FAO), also publicly thanked France for "being the first to implement agroecological principles in a comprehensive and integrated way, "he said.

Air pollution: France transmits its roadmaps to Brussels

The Government indicated on Saturday that air pollution roadmaps were being transmitted to the European Commission as required by the State Council.

The Ministry of Transport Ecological transition brought together the 14 roadmaps, the elements of which will be forwarded to the European Commission as planned, he told AFP adding that they would be made public next week.

The high court had summoned in July the executive to act against air pollution, responsible for nearly 50,000 premature deaths annually

The State Council, seized by the association Friends of the Earth, enjoined the Prime Minister and the Minister for Ecological Transition to take, "in the shortest possible time", "all necessary measures" to reduce PM10 (less than or equal to 10 microns diameter) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) ) below the permissible limit values, in all areas where they were still exceeded in 2015.

 Pollutant emissions in the European Union (AFP - Simon MALFATTO)

Pollutant emissions in the European Union (AFP – Simon MALFATTO)

This was the case in twelve agglomerations and regions for nitrogen dioxide (including Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Grenoble, Strasbourg or Toulouse), and three for particles (Paris, Rhône-Alpes and Martinique). The government had until the end of March, Saturday, to transmit to the European Commission its detailed roadmaps, after having delivered mid-February the "main elements."

France is, with eight other countries of the Union, threatened with being sent to European courts for breaches of air pollution

Paris is subject to infringement proceedings by the Commission both for dépassemen ts in fine particles (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

The 7th session of the Global Panel on Biodiversity will be held in France in 2019

The seventh plenary session of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) will be held in France in the spring of 2019, according to a statement issued on Thursday, while the sixth conference has just taken place in Colombia. [19659002] This seventh session "will be held in France between April 29 and May 4, 2019", according to a joint statement of the Ministers of Ecological Transition, Foreign Affairs and Higher Education and Research.

It will have mission to validate "the first global assessment of biodiversity and ecosystem services", which "will serve as a reference for the development of the future global framework for biodiversity post-2020," said the statement.

"Our societies are suspended, it's time for a start," notes the Minister of Environmental Transition, Nicolas Hulot, quoted in the statement. "The IPBES report will enable us to put the issue of biodiversity erosion at the same level of importance as global warming," he hopes.

IPBES is an independent body created in 2012 and now has 129 member states. Its task is to gather all scientific knowledge on the state of biodiversity in order to assess trends, future developments and advise governments on the measures to be taken.

It was created on the model of the Group of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which has alerted the world to the dangers of global warming and paved the way for the 2015 Paris Agreement.

IPBES presented in Medellin, Colombia, four reports on the state of fauna and flora in four regions of the world -America, Africa, Asia-Pacific, Europe-Central Asia- and a fifth on the state of the planet's soils after three years of work

Earlier warned that the Earth is facing a "massive extinction" of species, the first since the disappearance of dinosaurs about 65 million years ago and the sixth in 500 million years. [19659009]