French recycled paper in vein thanks to China

Decryption. In France the paper industry is doing well. " L e turnover of the whole sector has appreciated by 3%" in 2017, rejoices the French Union of Cardboard, Paper and Cellulose Industries (Copacel) in a press release . These good figures are not only the result of the improvement in French activity. Neither even European. The policy of China also comes into play. Explanation.

Less waste imported into China …

Since 1 er January 2018, China prohibits the import into its territory of 24 categories of solid waste, including mixed papers. Until then, the country imported paper and cardboard mixes to recycle (PCR) from Europe and especially France. With a drastic drop in the export of its waste paper, the Hexagon " is left with a surplus of raw material" says Jean Miroux, director in charge of the circular economy in Copacel, contacted by Sciences et Avenir .

… Falling prices in France …

If the supply of recycling is reduced, the demand remains the same. Who says fewer companies to work the same amount of PCR, says lower prices of raw material. " This is an opportunity for all European and French papermakers" told AFP Yves Herbault, vice president of Copacel. He believes that in the short term, for paper manufacturers who use paper and cardboard to recycle, overall it is a windfall effect. " Even a relief for Jean Miroux:" We can to blow a little after the last price increases. " But this rejoicing may be short-lived for the recycling industry.

… The quality with?

The Copacel buys mainly cardboard, press-paper and graphic paper not mixed with the collection companies.These ensure the sorting of different PCR materials.With China no longer accepting mixed solids, Copacel fears to end up buy goods less sorted. " We could find in Europe, in France, products of less good quality '", envisaged Yves Herbault.He estimates that the collectors " ] will increase the p and will increase their sorting capabilities to provide good quality products to China " . The case to be followed, on March 18, 2018, World Recycling Day .

Waste banned from China: positive effect for French papermakers, vigilance on quality

China's decision last year to stop importing certain types of waste, including paper for recycling, has had a positive effect for the French paper industry, which thus has more raw material, but wants to be vigilant about quality

The Chinese measure "has put back on the market quantities of paper and cardboard to recycle that we sometimes lacked," said Agnès Roger, president of the professional federation of the paper sector Copacel, presenting Thursday to the press the annual report of this activity.

"We have again the opportunity to have material (first) and therefore it should push industrial production," she said. But she stressed that manufacturers should be "vigilant, mainly on the quality" of the papers to be recycled.

For Yves Herbault, vice president of Copacel, "in the short term, for paper manufacturers who use paper and cartons to recycle, overall it is a windfall effect ", especially because of a" positive effect on the accounts, the raw material has decreased significantly. "

" This is an opportunity for all European and French paper manufacturers, "said Herbault. But it evokes "still a number of risks".

"In the medium term, paper manufacturers must be vigilant because collectors will find solutions to meet the needs of China," he said.

The vice president of the federation predicts that collectors "will increase prices and increase their sorting capacity to supply good quality products to China"

We could find in Europe, in France, products of lower quality ", he considered, calling on paper manufacturers to "organize their chains of control much better".

The turn of French agriculture commented by its actors and consumers

Direct sales, better traceability, less greedy production of energy or pesticides: visitors to the show, producers or consumers, are convinced that French agriculture is at a turning point, even if its new face is still a little vague.

"This is a beautiful job that should reinvent itself," said Valerie Ginet, a teacher in Paris, with stroller and child, who surveys the Salon de l'Agriculture during his last hours, Porte de Versailles in Paris. 19659002] For this, she believes that Europe "does not protect enough" agriculture "threatened by foreign competition": "People want more local agriculture, more reasoned, not to make huge productions", short of an agricultural production that is done "on a human scale."

Europe, Marie-Ange Duchier, farmer of Charolais cows in the Creuse, no longer wishes to depend on it: "The subsidies, we would not want more, we would like vi "

She is waiting for clarifications from the government on the model of production encouraged, while the plans for recovery of agriculture in crisis, from the Estates General of Food, Not all of them have been revealed

"It must be remembered that meat has not been more expensive since the 1980s, when our burdens have risen to an extent that is not possible", complains She looked at Lancia, a beautiful cow with a beige dress, peacefully settled in the straw and who did not care about her admirers for a day.

For Marie-Ange, especially, Tomorrow's agriculture will have simplified standards: "There are too many standards that are telescoping, European standards, French standards, because we always want to wash whiter than white," she wails, fearing all the more the arrival on the continent of the meat of the Mercosur countries (Common Market in South America), in case negotiations on the draft free-trade agreement between the South American countries and the EU.

One more reason for it, to clarify the labeling of products and "to stamp French what is French, because certain productions today, they return to France and from the moment they returned, they are stamped French. "

– Diversified incomes –

 At the exhibition of Agriculture in Paris, the March 1, 2018 (AFP - Ludovic MARIN)

At the Paris Agricultural Show, March 1, 2018 (AFP – Ludovic MARIN)

High school agricultural student in the Limousin, Nicolas is convinced that to earn a living the peasant of tomorrow will make direct sales to consumers "to avoid going through supermarkets": "When we see that a cow meat such as ours is paid four euros per kilo and will be sold, for example for a steak 22 euros per kilo, we wonder! We hope that it will change, but it will take a lot of time. "

The agriculture of tomorrow" it is the farmers who fix their price and their market, and who choose their big surface ", wants to believe his comrade Romain.

"Compared to current agriculture, it will be to sell less to supermarkets, sell more locally, there is that that", adds Jérémie Coste, father of Paris family, with wife and

"Today, people consume cheaper foreign products, because their incomes are lower," he says, seeing the internet as a way to "limit intermediaries" and limit production costs in France.

To diversify its sources of income and perhaps be able to sell less expensive, the production of energy seems a good track for Alexandre Bachotet, cereal farmer who cultivates 400 hectares in Côte-d'Or. 19659002] In order to "find a balance" in terms of profitability, "d emain, we can start the methanisation, "he says, to value not only the waste produced by animals, but also straw, and produce gas that will heat communities.

" There will be new crops, decreases in phyto products, biostimulants, algae ", he believes, convinced that" agriculture has a future. "

Like this anonymous, who wrote with chalk on a blackboard open to the public: "No landscape without peasants, think about it".

2 French Military Helicopters Fall, 5 Dead

 Two French military helicopters crashed near a lake in southern France. Five people were reported killed in the incident.

Security sources and an official from local authorities said as reported by the AFP news agency five people were killed in the incident.

Both helicopters belonged to a military flying training school.

Rescue operations were under way to find the sixth passenger after an accident that occurred about 50 kilometers northwest of Saint-Tropez. There has been no further details of the accident or the cause of the fall of both helicopters.

(ita / ita)

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French Women Himalayan Climber Found Alive

A French woman has been found alive at the top of the steep northern Himalayan mountains known as the "Killer Mountains," but SAR officers have not been able to locate Polish friends of her climbers.

The couple, Tomasz Mackiewicz of Poland, and Elisabeth Revol of France, is trying to climb Nanga Parbat as high as 8,126 meters. But they were hampered at 7,400 meters and using satellite phones for help, the organizer of the expedition said.

A team of elite Polish climbers who were making their first winter climb in the nearby K2 mountains were forced to cancel their efforts so they could help the two

The Pakistani military transported through the air of the 4-member Polish team to Nanga Parbat.

"Elisabeth Revol Found" was written on the team's Facebook page Sunday morning. Revol is reported to be suffering from frostbite. [gp]