The development of the agricultural project on the former ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, two months after the abandonment of the airport project, will take "time", acknowledged Thursday the prefect of the region Pays de la Loire, many questions have not been raised, including the identity of future land owners.
The regional prefect, Nicole Klein, elected on March 19, agricultural unions and associations for the first steering committee to build the agricultural project on the 1,650 hectares of the former airport hold, with contours still very vague.
Who will remain, who will leave, who will regain ownership of the lands and who will assume the management? Three weeks after the expiration of the ultimatum set by the executive to 150 to 200 occupants of the ZAD, the prefect reaffirmed that all those who "refuse to enroll in the rule of law will be expelled." 19659002] Possible expulsions will only occur after 31 March, the date on which the winter break ends.
For the occupants who would be "in agreement on the rules to be respected", by paying in particular "the gas, the electricity, a renting" or contributing to the social security agricultural, the MSA, everything will depend on the arbitration decided after the land surrender process, of which the State is currently the sole owner.
On the distribution of land, which the state wants to yield, "there are simple subjects and complicated subjects," acknowledged Ms. Klein.
"The simple subjects are the historic farmers, who are four, who have been expropriated, who have remained on the spot and who wish to recover their lands, either in the form of property or in the form of renting", explained the State representative.
"We will leave a priori, and all agricultural unions agree, the historical where they are," she assured the AFP.
– 'Step by step' –
"After, there is the very complex subject of the county council", which asked the State retrocession of 895 hectares of plots on the former airport hold, said Ms. Klein. The department of Loire-Atlantique had begun to acquire these lands in 1974, before selling them in 2012 to the State and the concessionaire of the airport platform, Aéroports du Grand Ouest, a subsidiary of the BTP Vinci group.
On this point, nothing is decided because "half of the jurists think that the request is legitimate and half think it is not," said the prefect.
The president (PS) of the departmental council, Philippe Grosvalet, fervent defender of the transfer of Nantes airport to Notre-Dame-des-Landes, signed on February 22 a memorandum of understanding with the Chamber of Agriculture so that it manages the land acquired by the department, "with a view to a return to a sustainable agricultural and natural occupation and appeased".
The position of the department "does not simplify things because the chairman of the county council wants to entrust the management to the chamber of agriculture," points the prefers region. "That makes I think the position of some farmers very difficult (…) Is it a factor of appeasement?"
The approach of the Chamber of Agriculture is supported by the FNSEA, Youth farmers and Rural Coordination. The peasant Confederation, a member of a group of agricultural organizations opposed to the former airport project, defends the taking over of land use by the anti-NDDL movement.
A first point of consensus between the various agricultural unions could be found as early as March 19th, all asking for a temporary freeze on the allocation of land, through the maintenance of annual occupation agreements.
"While the positions on the bottom are quite different, everyone agrees that it will take time.I must not forget that the situation has been frozen for years," recalled the prefects Nicole Klein, who wants to go "step by step" on this issue, and in a desire to "appease".