The merchant marine will finally limit its greenhouse gas emissions

NAVY. Late Friday night, in London, the 173 representatives of the member states of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) agreed on targets for limiting greenhouse gases after two years. weeks of bitter negotiations. Emissions from the sector are expected to have halved by 2050 compared to 2008. Today, merchant shipping, which handles 80% of international trade, is responsible for 2.2% of global emissions. According to the UN climate convention, this share could increase by 50 to 250% by 2050 to reach 17% if nothing is done. The agreement states that emissions from the sector will have to start declining "as soon as possible". Environmental NGOs involved in the fight against global warming welcomed the initiative while stressing that the effort is not enough to keep global temperatures below 2 ° C of rise

Techniques exist for clean boats

PAVILIONS. The agreement was particularly difficult to obtain. While the European Union, Australia and the Marshall Islands pleaded for a total elimination of emissions mid-century, the United States, Saudi Arabia, Brazil opposed any binding goal. Halving emissions is therefore a compromise. The position of the Marshall Islands has been dominant. This small archipelago threatened by rising sea levels is indeed the third flag of the international merchant marine behind Panama and Liberia. However, in 2017, the declaration of Tony de Brum, Marshall Islands climate ambassador (who has since died) gave priority to climate action over the revenues brought by the registration of boats. If this sector is the last to give itself reduction targets under the Paris Agreement, it is precisely because IMO member countries have a different weight according to the number of ships registered under their flags. The NGO Transparency International has denounced the stranglehold of these states who live from the sale of their flag to the international fleet and have no interest in binding rules that hinder the development of transport

The agreement has an immediate technical consequence. From 2030, new ships will no longer emit CO 2 . The sector is already working on technical solutions to improve the energy efficiency of ships and reduce pollution in ports. The "Global Partnership for Maritime Energy Efficiency" supports and federates all the research on biofuels, the efficiency of the engines, the shape of the hulls, the contributions of renewable energies like the addition of sails etc. The development of these techniques can already ensure a clean fleet without emissions by 2035, also ensures a recent report of the OECD . The London agreement will accelerate this change.

Wellington will no longer allow new offshore oil and gas exploration

New Zealand will forgo any new offshore oil and gas exploration to combat global warming, the government said, which the opposition immediately accused of "economic vandalism."

"We take an important step to tackle climate change and create a clean, green and sustainable future for New Zealand, "said Premier Jacinda Ardern (center left).

New Zealand's Oil and Gas Industry annually generates $ 2.5 billion New Zealand (€ 1.4 billion), of which $ 1.5 billion for exports alone. It employs 11,000 people.

Ms. Ardern made it clear that this decision did not concern exploration and drilling permits already granted, so that no current job would be affected.

She also announced a limitation on new inshore permits that would be granted in the Taranaki region of the North Island, where the New Zealand oil and gas sector is concentrated

"We are striving for the right balance for New Zealand. protect an existing sector and protect global warming for future generations, "she said.

Last year's environmental issues were at the heart of Mrs. Ardern's campaign, which formed a coalition with Greens.

She said she witnessed the impacts of global warming by visiting Samoa and Tonga last month, which were recently hit by a violent cyclone.

believed that New Zealand needed to be at the forefront of the fight against global warming.

"We have been world leaders on important topics, standing apart from nuclear, being the first to supporting the right to vote for women, "she said,"

"Now we could be a world leader in offsetting carbon emissions. We owe it to future generations. "

The government said there were currently 31 permits for oil and gas exploration, including 22 offshore

Environmental groups welcomed the New Zealand decision, Greenpeace claiming in particular: "The trend has irretrievably returned to the Supermajors in New Zealand."

"This is a big step forward for New Zealand and a turning point in the transition to a clean energy economy. said New Zealand's WWF director Livia Esterhazy,

But the conservative National Party opposition accused Mrs. Ardern of "economic vandalism" that could put thousands of jobs at risk.

Jonathan Young, MP, said the gas contributes to the country's energy independence and noted that the government's decision meant that New Zealand should within 10 years importing much more polluting resources like coal when gas reserves are exhausted.

NDDL: resumption of eviction operations under gas and grenades

The gendarmes resumed on Wednesday the expulsion of the occupants of the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, considered illegal, replicating with tear gas grenades and disencumberment to the projectiles of determined zadistes, noted a journalist AFP.

The gendarmes arrived around 06H30 in the area where Tuesday concentrated the clashes, not far from the D281, the so-called "chicanes" road, between the "Black Fosses" and the "Real Reds".

Clashes erupted twenty minutes later on the road of the Black Fosses which adjoins the place, perpendicular to the D281. The gendarmes responded to the projectiles fired by a group of some 70 Zadists with tear gas grenades and de-encroachment.

The Zadists positioned themselves behind one of the barricades of 2 to 3 meters high consisting of pallets, clogs and wood debris, which appeared in the night on this road. They then set fire to a barricade. A small ditch was also dug. A helicopter flies over the area while a convoy of about twenty gendarmerie vans positioned on the D281.

"We reached our objectives Monday and Tuesday and today we attack the continuation", indicated to AFP a source close to the file.

On the third day of the expulsion operation on the ZAD, tensions increase on the ground in the face of the scale of the destruction, leading historical opponents to beat the recall of their support and fears of a hardening of clashes.

On January 17, by ending the Notre-Dame-des-Landes airport project, Prime Minister Édouard Philippe promised to eradicate the "no-go zone."

The operation The evacuation started on Monday is the first of magnitude since the "Operation César" in autumn 2012, which had turned into a fiasco despite the mobilization of more than a thousand gendarmes and police.

The Alabama Senate Allows Execution of Death Penalty with Nitrogen Gas

The state of Alabama in America is getting closer to granting a permit for the use of nitrogen gas to punish the death of inmates, a way that was never used to execute someone.

The Alabama Senate approved the Draft Thursday on 29- 0. The bill has now turned to the DPRD.

The bill proposed by the Trip Pittman Senator allows the execution with nitrogen hypoxia if lethal inject drugs are not available or considered unconstitutional. The Republican senator said Alabama needed another way of execution because of a deadly injection facing a legal challenge.

However, no state has used nitrogen gas in the execution.

Robert Dunham, executive director of the Death Penalty Information Center, says two states – Oklahoma and Mississippi – allow under the terms of use of nitrogen gas as a method of reserve execution. [ka/jm]

Gas Cylinders Explode During a Wedding Party in India, 18 People are Killed

New Delhi
 A wedding party held at an Indian hotel was rocked by a gas canister blast that triggered casualties. At least 18 people were killed by this deadly explosion.

As reported by AFP Monday (19/2/2018), a gas cylinder exploded on Friday (16/2) evening local time at a hotel in the city Beawar, the state of Rajasthan. The explosion occurred during a wedding that was taking place at the hotel and was attended by many guests.

This explosion ruined the hotel to ruins. This explosion also triggered a major fire.

Rescue workers initially found nine dead bodies on Saturday (17/2) evening local time. But the number increased dramatically after nine other bodies were found in the ruins of buildings on Sunday (18/2) local time.

There are a number of women and children among these dead. In search of victims, rescue workers are assisted by Indian military personnel.

"So far 18 bodies have been found," said senior administration official Ajmer, Gaurav Goyal, in a statement.

Ajmer is the district where the explosion occurred. Ajmer is 200 kilometers from Jaipur, the capital of the state of Rajasthan.

"Five people who suffered serious injuries, with severe burns, are now hospitalized," Goyal added to AFP .

The cause of the explosion is still under investigation. But a number of eyewitnesses told local television NDTV that the explosion occurred when the chef attempted to install gas cylinders for cooking.

Rajasthan's chief minister, Vasundhara Raje, announced the compensation of 200,000 rupees each (Rp 42 million) for every family of the dead.

(nvc / ita)

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