Office, trade, canteen … The tri is hard to impose

Offices, businesses, communities, medical offices … For two years, many companies and administrations have to sort their waste for recycling. But at a time when the government wants to develop the circular economy, the law is barely enforced.

With six bins of different colors carefully aligned in the common kitchen, the engineering company Sinteo, based in Paris, has skipped it. His sixty employees separate paper, cans, plastic bottles, pens, corks, batteries, light bulbs, glass and even coffee grounds.

"This is the paradise of sorting", jokes one of them she, Laure, "happy" with this measure. This "proves that the company is engaged," she says, ensuring that employees play the game even if the sorting is sometimes approximate.

Since March 2016, a large number of companies and administrations must separate the papers , cartons, glasses, metals, plastics and wood from the rest of their bins. In detail, all those whose waste is collected by a private provider are concerned, as well as those whose garbage is collected by the community and generating more than 1,100 liters / week, the average production of about fifty people.

And since the beginning of 2018, any entity with more than 20 office workers has had to sort the paper.

But businesses and communities are outlawed. "On small companies (…), there are difficulties of implementation. (…) All have not made the necessary investments to satisfy the obligation of the sorting five flows", we recognize at Department of Ecological Transition

To practice sorting entails an additional cost and a greater logistics for companies, especially the most modest ones. From a certain volume, sorting "can be a source of income" because the collector pays for the harvested material, explains Mathieu Petithuguenin, managing director of recycling group Paprec.

But "the constraint not being very strong, without an inspector on the ground to check if it's set up, people do not feel the knife under the throat, "he says.

– 'Limit waste' –

"We must already set up a follow-up," says Muriel Olivier, vice-president of the National Federation of Environmental Remediation and Protection Companies (Fnade). Today, no one knows exactly how many companies and administrations are affected by the law and how it is applied.

The dustbins of professionals are nevertheless an important source for recycling. According to the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), 20 million tonnes of their waste, out of nearly 64 million (excluding construction and agriculture) now incinerated or fled, could be easily sorted

The exact nature of this waste, which is not recycled, is not known. But paper is a big chunk, since every office worker consumes between 70 to 85 kg of paper a year, or three reams a month.

Food waste is another avenue of choice for the recovery of residues. The Ademe figures food waste at 21 kilos per person per year. Since 2016, establishments throwing more than 10 tonnes of bio-waste a year – a volume reached for example in a restaurant providing 150 meals per day – must harvest separately the food that remains on the plates.

Not everyone Still, things are moving, says Jerome Perrin, president of the company Love your waste, which collects bio-waste in restaurants, school canteens or even brewers in the Paris region. The start-up then draws city gas via anaerobic digestion. "There is a strong tendency to be less wasteful," he says.

This trend is expected to accelerate as by 2025, the amount of landfill waste will need to be halved compared to 2010 and Government plans sorting bio-waste for everyone, including individuals.

"By limiting the burial, the State will increase it" and make the recycling economically more interesting, hopes the director of the Regional Observatory waste Ile-de-France (Ordif), Helder de Oliveira.

Donald Trump hits hard and threatens Beijing with $ 100 billion in taxes

"I asked the Ministry of Commerce to consider whether an additional $ 100 billion of tariffs would be adjusted under Article 301 (on intellectual property) and, in this case, to identify on which they could be taxed, "said the US president in a statement. Even if he has clearly decided to raise the pressure by one step by answering in Beijing, it is only threats.

The China s is declared Friday ready to "go to the end" and "whatever the price" in a commercial war with the United States, after new threats of the American president Donald Trump . "If the United States ignores the opposition of China and the international community and persists in their unilateral and protectionist measures, China is ready to go to the end, whatever the price," said the Chinese Ministry of Commerce in a statement. Trump threatened Thursday to impose $ 100 billion of new customs duties on Chinese imports, in response to retaliatory measures announced by Beijing.

US Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer took care to note in a statement that, as the trade retaliation announced on April 3 by the United States that provoked the ire and the threat of retaliation from Beijing this week, they would only come into force after the end of a public consultation process. However, the prospect of a proper trade dispute is a concern for investors and stock prices have suffered in recent weeks.

"President Trump proposes an appropriate response to China's recent threat of After a detailed investigation, the USTR found irrefutable evidence that China's unreasonable actions were threatening the US economy, "he said. The USTR again denounces Chinese practices that, according to the Americans, are the looting of the intellectual property of American companies that want or do business in China.


"Economies Around the World – including the Chinese economy– would benefit from the application in China of policies that would truly reward hard work and innovation rather than pursue policies that distort the vital sector of high technology, "the USTR added. its press release. "Unfortunately, China has chosen to respond with threats of imposing unjustified taxes on billions of dollars worth of US exports, including our agricultural products, which would undoubtedly hurt even more workers, farmers and businesses. USTR,

In response to the Trump administration's Tuesday publication of a tentative list of products imported from China likely to be subject to new tariffs, Beijing responded with a A list of more strategic US products including soybean, automotive and aerospace for an amount equal to the first measures announced by Washington on Tuesday: $ 50 billion.

Beijing has taken careful to establish its list of future products to be taxed to hit as hard as possible regions that voted in favor of Donald Trump, according to experts. One way to exert maximum pressure on the billionaire, which ensures that it will seek a second mandate. China also made an official approach to the first round of tariffs by Trump on Thursday at the World Trade Organization (WTO)

In the Chinese text, published by the WTO, the Chinese delegation the organization is seeking "consultations" with Washington "on the taxes (and) measures" that Mr. Trump plans to apply "to certain products in various sectors including mechanical engineering, electronics, etc., from China". A "request for consultations" is the first step towards a formal complaint to the WTO Dispute Settlement Body.

Donald Trump has launched a merciless struggle against the US trade deficit which he sees as a sign of the weakness of his predecessors who have allowed the rest of the world to profit from the United States.

International mobilization

China is particularly in the sights. The US trade deficit (US $ 375.2 billion in 2017) pushed Trump to ask Chinese officials to "immediately reduce this $ 100 billion deficit." The latest US figures released on Thursday show that since the beginning of the year, the deficit on goods trading has further increased by more than 20%. "We are not in a trade war with China, this war was lost many years ago by stupid or incompetent people, people representing the United States," said Mr. Trump.

Chinese, rhetoric is no less warlike. "Any attempt to put China on its knees by threat and intimidation is doomed to failure," a spokesman for Chinese Foreign Ministry Geng Shuang warned at a press briefing. The Chinese Foreign Minister, visiting Moscow on Thursday, called for international mobilization against Washington, while Trump opened several fronts in his quest for "a better deal."

"The International Community must oppose as a whole such unilateral actions and violations of the rules, defend as a whole the growth of the global economy and help those who think that everything is allowed them to find common sense, "said Wang Yi at of a press conference

(source: AFP)

The Cape economy already hit hard by the water crisis

In the middle of her Cape Town property, Marlize Jacobs worries. The historic drought in the second largest city in South Africa has put its vineyards to the test and is now threatening to jeopardize all its activity.

"Our tonnage retreats for the fourth year in a row and the shortage of wine threatens ", laments the viticulturist, installed for more than ten years on the usually green hillsides of Vergenoegd.

" The costs related to water have almost doubled, "she sighs," we do not use that the water strictly necessary to keep the vines alive, not a drop more. "

Cape Town and its region have suffered for three years from an exceptional drought that deprived them of most of their rains. winter.

The threat of the famous "Zero Day" or "without tap water" and the prospect of a rationing of populations, agitated for months by the authorities, was rejected for this year at the price of a drastic reduction of private consumption.

Resides They use more than two-thirds (70%) of the water consumed by the city, but the economy has not been spared by the necessary restrictions on consumption.

 Cape Town water crisis (AFP - Kun TIAN)

Water Crisis in Cape Town (AFP – Kun TIAN)

In January, the rating agency Moody's warned that it would degrade without hesitation the agglomeration at the disgraceful level of investment "speculative" if the water crisis was prolonged.

Most optimistic, the authorities of the Western Cape Province conceded that "the persistent drought has degraded (its) growth forecasts relative to those of the rest of the country and now threatens the level of employment. "

– Rising prices –

Agriculture and especially viticulture, which is the prestige of the Captonian hinterland and employs tens of thousands of employees, are subjected to severe test.

The decline of its activities because of drying Among other factors, eresse contributed to plunge South Africa into a "technical" recession in early 2017. Since then, the sector has been on the rise and the region has breathed a sigh of relief.

In 2016, the region only 20% of the wine and 16% of the fruit juice consumed in other African countries. The vineyards also drain a large contingent of foreign visitors to the region, the flow of which is vital: the tourism sector provides 300,000 jobs to the region.

 In St. James, 25 km from downtown Cape Town, residents live supplying drinking water on January 19, 2018 (AFP / Archives - RODGER BOSCH)

In St. James, 25 km from downtown Cape Town, residents get fresh water on January 19, 2018 (AFP / Archives – RODGER BOSCH)

Another sector affected, that of public works. Some shipyards could only be completed through distant water deliveries. The others were purely and simply suspended.

The Rabie group now uses wastewater to manufacture its cement on the Cape shipyards, at the cost of a logistical extra cost. "It increases the price of construction," sums up his boss Miguel Rodrigues.

In 2016 already, 94% of local businesses had listed lack of water as a risk for their activities.

Unlike individuals, However, as far as possible, professionals have been spared the daily consumption limits strongly suggested by the authorities.

– Strategies –

"The point is to avoid creating another crisis in the crisis", pleads the elected official in charge of security at the municipality, JP Smith, "the public works sector is already very fragile, if you cut off the water you are clearly endangering employment."

To convince consumers To reduce their use of water, the municipality even used university experts in behavioral sciences to develop the best strategy of persuasion or encouragement.

With success, apparently, since she ap to reduce personal consumption by 60% in three years

The industrialists themselves have developed alternative strategies to save water.

Engineer at the Koeberg nuclear power plant, 30 km north of Cape Town, Christopher Smith says he has developed a seawater desalination plant for use in reactor cooling systems.

"We had no choice, we had to take the bull by the horns, "he says.

AB InBev's local beer plant executive declined to comment on the drought's impact on its operations, but other players in the sector have all confided that a "Day zero" would be catastrophic.

"If there is no more water, the entire catering industry will die", summarizes without frills Raphael Clistini, a South African 28 years old who opens bars all over the world

In his new bar Cape docks, it serves a gin produced in a distillery in the city that may soon be forced to bring its water from Johannesburg, 1400 km away.

"It will still drive up prices," sighs he already.

Restaurants in Singapore Use Escobar Name, Colombia Protest Hard

The Colombian government delivered a letter of protest to the Singapore government regarding a restaurant named Escobar in the country. This is because for the citizens of Colombia, the Escobar whose full name is Pablo Escobar is a drug cartel leader who has killed thousands of people.

In a letter to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Singapore, the Colombian Embassy expressed grave concern by naming the restaurant means respecting " history of Colombia. "

" The Embassy of the Republic of Colombia wants to share some information to recall the horrors of this criminal in Colombia … not to mention the drug addiction it promotes and the war it does, "the three-page letter reads as reported by the office

Charged Trump Oil Distribution to North Korea, China Refutes Hard

Chinese authorities have expressed strong denials over allegations by US President Donald Trump over oil disbursements to North Korea. China insists that Trump's allegations are not in line with the facts on the ground.

As reported by Reuters and AFP Friday (29/12/2017), the Chinese authorities through a Foreign Ministry spokesman, Hua Chunying, in a statement. Chunying admitted it was aware of a report about a Chinese ship allegedly supplying oil to a North Korean ship on October 19.

"The Chinese side has made an immediate investigation, in fact, the ship in question has been since last August, not anchored in any Chinese port and none the record of the ship entering or leaving any Chinese port, "Chunying explains.

Furthermore, Chunying admits he does not know if the suspected ship ever docked at another country's port. "The latest series of reports on this situation do not coincide with the facts," he said. "China always implements UN Security Council resolutions related to North Korea and always fulfills its international obligations We never allow any Chinese companies and citizens to violate the resolution," Chunying said.

"If through investigation, it can be confirmed that there is a violation of UN Security Council resolution, China will take it seriously according to the law and the rules," he added.

Previously, Trump via his Twitter account, @realDonaldTrump , accusing China of channeling oil to North Korea. Trump is deeply disappointed in China, which is always expected to help the US in solving the problem with North Korea.

"Caught WET – very disappointed that China allows oil to be channeled to North Korea," Trump said via his personal Twitter account. "There will never be a good solution to the North Korean issue if this continues to happen!"

In a separate statement, a US official called the US government has evidence related to Trump's allegations. "We have evidence that some of the vessels involved in these activities are owned by companies in several countries, including China," the US State Department official said. ]