Salmon migration and Indian rights on the menu of the US Supreme Court

The very austere judges of the Supreme Court in Washington will escape Wednesday to the great outdoors of the American West, to look very seriously at the migration of salmon and the ancestral rights of Indian tribes. [19659002OfcoursetheywillmakethisjourneywithoutleavingtheirmajesticcourtroomwithmarblecolumnsonCapitolHillButthedebateswilltakethemphotosandtestimoniesinsupporteveninthebedoftorrentsthatrundowntheothersideoftheRockies

This transfer will also be temporal. Indeed, to grasp the issue of the issue to be decided, we must return to the nineteenth century.

This is the century of the Wild West conquest, adventurous settlers, the Great Plains Railway, the Telegraph, and the Indian Wars.

In the mid-1850s, not all lands in America were states attached to the Union.

The "Washington Territory" is to be found in the north-west of the country. His first governor, Isaac Stevens, is highly controversial as he is intractable towards the Amerindians.

– Sacrified Hunting, Preserved Fishing –

 A stele honoring Indian tribes who once fished for salmon in the Snake River in Washington State. Photo taken on June 7, 2005. (Getty Images North America / Getty Images / Archives - Jeff T. Green)

A stele honoring Indian tribes who once fished for salmon in the Snake River, Washington. Photo taken June 7, 2005. (Getty Images North America / Getty Images / Archives – Jeff T. Green)

Brutally repressing the revolts, Governor Stevens forces the tribes to sign treaties that rob them of their hunting territories.

Withdrawn from the reserves, the Indians retain in compensation a fishing right in the watercourses crossing their spaces. Salmon abound then

In detail, the treaty gives them a "right to harvest fish, at all customary and customary places and lands … in common with all citizens."

New leap in This time ahead: At the beginning of the 21st century, Washington State still has Indian reserves, whose inhabitants complain about the fall of salmon populations.

According to them, the shortage is accelerated because of the underground pipes through which rivers cross the hundreds of paved roads testifying to economic development.

These pipes, which open above watercourses, prevent the salmon from rising up the rivers to reproduce, or from down to the sea, as was shown by a study in 1997.

17 Years of Judicial Combat –

This is the starting point for a long legal battle launched in 2001 by 21 Indian tribes, backed by the US government as guarantor of the federal treaties. Their common opponent: the state of Washington.

The plaintiffs argue that the original treaty text implies that fish stocks are always sufficient to reasonably feed the tribes.

This fight saw the victory of the Amerindians in first instance (2007) and on appeal ( 2016), the justice ordering twice the suppression of the conduits channeling the rivers.

Washington's elected officials failed to choke on each of these setbacks.

Removing all the pipelines, in the name of salmon survival and in the name of respect for an old treaty of the colonial era, will cost the state $ 2 billion, they say.

 The future of salmon feeding the Indian tribes of the great west of America is examined Wednesday by the Supreme Court of the United States. Photo taken on April 4, 2018. (GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA / AFP - Drew Angerer)

The future of salmon feeding the Indian tribes of the great west of America is examined Wednesday by the US Supreme Court. Photo taken on April 4, 2018. (GETTY IMAGES NORTH AMERICA / AFP – Drew Angerer)

The hour of the third round, decisive, has now struck the Supreme Court.

In this case mixing history, ecology, federalism, and Native American rights, Justice Anthony Kennedy recused himself because he had already dealt with this issue in the 1980s.

The future of Wild West salmon therefore depends on of the remaining eight judges

The Indian army is interested in constructions without heating

The Indian Army must insure heated homes for its troops stationed in Ladakh. However, these barracks are located on isolated mountains, making it difficult to transport hydrocarbons regularly, and far from any electrical network, explains the information platform India Climate Dialogue . The inventor, entrepreneur and teacher Sonam Wangchuk awarded for his buildings with very low heat loss was asked to solve this problem. Condemned to live for months in autarky and save on heating, the Indian army could adopt passive eco-constructions, adopting a "virtuous" environmental conduct.

Few people still know it, but the Melioidosis kills more than dengue fever or malaria in Southeast Asia. The bacillus responsible for this infectious disease was discovered at the beginning of the twentieth e century in Burma. But it remains unknown to doctors who diagnose difficulty with difficulty. The bacillus present in the soil or air causes different symptoms from one patient to another: respiratory infections, fevers, abscesses, septicemia. In 2016, finally appears the first study identifying the number of cases in the world between 1910 and 2014. The Thai researcher Direk Limmathurotsakul, signatory of it, tells the popular science magazine Mosaic his concern about the prevalence figures of the disease: melioidosis was underestimated during all these years. And with the climatic changes, the disease extends far beyond its endemic area, Southeast Asia, to reach South Asia (including Sri Lanka ). Australia, Africa and Brazil

Who is behind Noticias Aguila, Mexico's most popular news aggregator? A Chinese company, whose computer scientists remained based in the technology park of Shenzhen, in southern China. Like the creators of Noticias Aguila, Chinese investors and start-ups are more and more numerous, notes the site of economic information Bloomberg to be interested in the Latin-American market, strong 600 million people. Too cramped in China, they bring a financial windfall and technological know-how to this group of countries that they hope to transform into a new economic eldorado.

International Solar Alliance. The explanations of the business service of Hindu on this coalition of countries that will exchange their know-how in solar energy. The first summit was held in New Delhi and coincided with the official visit of French President Emmanuel Macron. The organization will be based in the Indian capital

Nature under control . Sensors, 3D modeling, mapping and geospatial data, a unique information system for all agents working on green spaces …, GovInsider details Singapore's ambitious plan to monitor and maintain its greenery and reserves marines.

Quinoa controversy. In the middle of the legislative campaign, the Malaysian Prime Minister is criticized by the opposition parties for his taste for quinoa: a commodity 23 times more expensive than local rice according to France24 .

China is she is killing bitcoin? The question is asked by Asialyst . The Middle Kingdom is indeed one of the first countries in the world to want to regulate the frenzy around these virtual currencies, which depend primarily on a cheap resource and controlled by the government: electricity.

Dead rivers. Judicial decisions and the mobilization of citizens have not yet succeeded in curbing the pollution of many Indian rivers, all victims of the country's unbridled urbanization. A report from Yale Environment 360 .

Lahore suffocates . Polluted winters are tough in Lahore, one of Pakistan's most populous cities. But the persistence of particles in the air shows how much the authorities have not yet taken the measure of the urgency to fight against this degradation of the environment, according to the report of Undark . 19659007] Renaissance of jute Several decades ago, it was the only exportable raw material in the country. Today, Bangladesh is hoping to turn it into a versatile and high-environmental-value textile according to the Daily Star .

Salt Solution. The Daily Star pays tribute to Rafiqul Islam, who died last Monday in Dhaka. The physician and researcher had been instrumental in reducing Bangladesh's infant mortality rate by conducting oral rehydration salt clinical trials in the 1970s.

State-of-the-Art Underwater Drones According to Asia Times Qianlong 2 and soon Quianlong 3 are exploring the Indian Ocean floor, much to the chagrin of the Indian authorities, helpless as they are little equipped to occupy these coveted maritime areas.

Offshore Freight Carriers space . For the China it is to approach the equator to benefit from the sling effect of the rotation of the Earth when it will launch its rockets. The test is scheduled for 2018.

Clean up the most polluted river in the world. The Citarium, which waters Indonesia, will be cleaned in seven years, ensures the Indonesian government.

The union is the strength … of the hydrogen car. At Japan an alliance was formed between 10 local companies and the French Air Liquide to develop vehicles and network dense recharging stations.

Clash of Titans. An amazing video of the violent clash between a tiger-bear in a nature reserve in India

Asian Lions. The number of these felines would have increased in Gir National Park in Gujarat State, India as a result of conservation efforts since the 1960s. They belong to one subspecies: Panthera leo persica.

Giant panda giant park . 10 billion yuan to build a National Park for the giant panda, deployed on six mountains across the provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu, in China . [19659024]

The Indian economy will rise this year

India has projected its economy to rise 7 to 7.5 percent this year and reclaim its position as the world's fastest-growing major economy and underestimate the impact of currency bans and tax reforms.

However, the government has warned that rising international oil prices had a negative impact on a country that relied heavily on energy imports.

"The economy is growing quite rapidly," said the country's chief economic adviser, Arvind Subramanian while delivering the country's annual economic survey.

Activity indicators show growth in manufacturing, investment, export and credit, all starting to rise. The direction is very good. "

Projections for Asia's third largest economy are in line with recent estimates by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. The rise of growth is good news for India.

Last year its growth slowed to a low level for three years in a row. Whereas India once boasted to defeat China as the fastest growing economy in the world by 2015.

The slowing of the Indian economy is different from many countries where growth is increasing. Suspected cause is two major policy reforms that appear only six months later

Businesses were disrupted for several months last year while the government attempted to replace cash following a currency ban that sucked 86 percent of cash. Long-delayed tax reforms, Goods and Services Tax (GST) runs in July, but its application is poorly maturing, causing chaos for the business sector

"The temporary impact of demonization and GST has gone. Improvement measures have been taken, "Subramanian said of his optimism about the new growth projections.

The government says both efforts have helped boost the number of people paying taxes. Restoring important growth momentum for India that calls the country an attractive destination for international investors.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi last week seduced investors at the World Economic Forum in Davos. He says that protectionism is getting stronger and globalization is losing its appeal, but India is open to business.

The rise of the economy is also good news for the modi-led Hindu nationalist government preparing for next year's elections.

economists say the government is expected to focus on rural development programs and SMEs in future budgets that will be described on Thursday as the government looks for ways to create jobs for a large young population.

"The world is very optimistic about India. The 2018 budget will add freshness to India's development and fulfill people's aspirations, "Prime Minister said via Twitter when the parliament opened on Tuesday.

The survey also confirms the challenges facing the large Indian villagers. The survey said unlicensed farms were badly affected by climate change, extreme temperatures and less rain. Alleviating the suffering of farmers is a big challenge for the government. [vm/ii]

Indian Police Investigate Rape and Mutilation 2 Young Women

New Delhi
Indian police are investigating the case of rape and murder of two young women. The bodies of the two victims in this separate case were found mutilated in the Haryana region, which borders New Delhi.

These two cases occurred separately, but both bodies were found in close proximity. As reported in AFP Monday (15/1/2018), in the first case, a 15-year-old victim was found dead with a miserable condition on Friday (12/1). The victim's body was dumped in a small river in Haryana.

Local police are hunting down a group of men suspected of perpetrators of rape and murderous murder against this 15-year-old teenager.

Local district police chief Abhishek Garg says the victim suffered severe internal organ injuries. This indicates that the perpetrators used a blunt object in their attack on the victim.

"At least four men allegedly behind this crime, a massive search is still under way to arrest the perpetrators," Garg said.

Several hours after the body of the victim 15 years found, police in Panipat district found another body on Saturday (13/1). The body of a 12-year-old girl was found in a local pond.

Panipat Police Chief Rahul Sharma told AFP that two men who were victims' neighbors had been arrested in connection with the case.

According to Sharma, both suspects have admitted to persuading victims to come to their homes before raped and killed him.

These two brutal crimes shocked the people of Haryana. Cases of this kind are still rife in India, which has been the last spotlight in the world due to a series of cases of rape and violence against women.

The most notable case is the fatal rape of a female student in New Delhi in 2012 that sparked a massive rally. The impact of the case, Indian authorities tighten punishment for perpetrators of sexual crimes.

(nvc / rna)

Failure to Survive, US Spy Satellite Falls into the Indian Ocean

New York
 The US spy satellite carried by SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket failed to survive in its orbit. The satellite is now known to have fallen into the Indian Ocean.

It was submitted officially by the US Government, as quoted from ABC News, Thursday (11/1/2018). The spy satellite, named Zuma, was launched on Sunday (7/1).

Reported by Reuters, Zuma allegedly completely lost undetected again since Monday (8/1). Intelligence satellite made by Northrop Grumman Corp. is called worth billions of dollars.

The SpaceX party says there is nothing wrong with their artificial rocket. "The rocket has done everything right," SpaceX president Gwynne Shotwell said.

"The data checked so far indicates no design, operational or other changes," he added.

SpaceX is a US space transportation company formed by billionaire Elon Musk. Scheduled SpaceX will launch Falcon Heavy, a mission that brings people into space by the end of 2018. Mentioned 'failure' Falcon 9 will not affect other SpaceX launches.
(rna / abw)