The State wants to reverse the curve of the number of ewes killed by the wolf, assured the coordinating prefect of the new plan Wolf, auditioned Tuesday by the Committee on Planning and Sustainable Development of the Senate.
"I want to change the curve of losses and ensure that this year we have less than 12,000 ewes killed," explained Tuesday Stéphane Bouillon, prefect of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and as such in charge of the application of the last Wolf plan, presented by the government in February.
"On the simple and reinforced firing of fire and the firing of samples, we have to focus where there is the most loss", he added, citing four departments: Alpes-Maritimes, Aveyron, Savoy and Var.
Because, 60% of the attacks take place on 15% of the territories and 3% of the breeders undergo 30% of the attacks, he recalled
"Conversely, kill a wolf who, in quotes, do not you e some sheep has no interest "ecological and economic, he added.
Protected species, the wolf, which had disappeared in France in the 1930s, returned to Italy from 1992 It is now present in the Alps and Provence, in the south of the Massif Central and in the eastern Pyrenees and its attacks have multiplied, from 1,400 ewes in 2000 to nearly 10,000 in 2016, and 12,000 in 2017.  The wolf plan 2018-2023, which has failed to satisfy either pastoralists or conservationists, provides for an annual culling ceiling based on scientific recommendations that do not degrade more than 10 to 12% of the population to ensure the viability of the species.
In 2018, the year of transition, the initial ceiling is set at 40 wolves, but this number will be updated at the end of April once the precise figures of the population are known in the spring, said Mr. Bouillon.
France counts about 360 wolves (divided into 52 packs) and the government's plan targets a population of 500 specimens by 2023.
Regarding the "cost" of the wolf: in 2017 some 26.5 million euros were spent for the prevention and protection of farms, and 3.5 million for the compensation of breeders, are partly borne by the European Union. For 2018, the prefect estimates that the same envelope will be needed.