At a distance, it looks like an ocean in the middle of the desert. It is not a mirage, however, but the largest solar park on the American continent, located in the state of Coahuila north of Mexico . The 2.3 million panels are arranged in rows on the sand and follow the path of the sun from sunrise to night, like sunflowers. They cover an area equivalent to 2,200 football fields. At the global level, only projects in China and India currently exceed their size.
Halving greenhouse gas emissions
Built by Italian Enel, the project cost $ 650 million dollars and responds to the Mexican government's strategy to produce 43% of its electricity through clean energy by 2024. Once fully operational by the end of the year, this solar park is expected to produce 1,700 gigawatts / hour, and to meet the energy needs of approximately 1.3 million Mexican households. Mexico received praise from environmentalists in 2015 when it became the first emerging country to announce an ambitious greenhouse gas reduction target of 30% by 2020, and 50% by 2050.  The photovoltaic park of Villanueva in the state of Coahuila in Mexico . AFP – Alfredo ESTRELLA
The authorities have auctioned three solar park projects that have generated investments estimated at $ 8.6 billion. In addition to Enel, the American Recurrent Energy and the Dutchman Alten, who are building a solar park in the state of Aguascalientes (center), have won these markets. The energy produced is expected to meet the needs of 6.5 million households in the country, according to official figures. This is an essential part of the Mexican energy reform approved at the end of 2013, which opened the private sector to the energy sector for the first time in just over 70 years.