NDDL: the administrative justice rejects recourse of the occupants of the ZAD

The Administrative Court of Nantes on Friday dismissed appeals from occupants of the ZAD Notre-Dame-des-Landes, which were intended to compel the State to provide administrative documents related to their possible evictions, announced to AFP counsel for the applicants.

"The interim measures (emergency procedures) are dismissed.The administrative court says it has no jurisdiction to rule on our request," said AFP Pierre Huriet, who had filed late last week, on the eve of the end of the winter break of evictions, nine referred to as "useful measures" on behalf of occupants of the ZAD.

 Our Lady of the Landes (AFP - Paul DEFOSSEUX)

Notre-Dame-des-Landes (AFP – Paul DEFOSSEUX)

These latter enjoined the prefecture of Loire-Atlantique to communicate to them a possible decision expulsion or any administrative act relating thereto, which may justify their expulsion by the public force.

The decision of the judge of interim relief intervenes while an intervention of the police seems imminent in Notre-Dame-des-Landes to expel its illegal occupants, the ultimatum fixed by the government so that they leave of themselves, almost three months after the abandonment of the airport project, having expired.

 Our Lady of the Landes (AFP - Simon MALFATTO)

Our Lady of the Landes (AFP – Simon MALFATTO)

"It does not change the legality or otherwise of future evictions ", said Me Huriet. He also said "surprised by the delay that counts in tens of minutes", between the communication of arguments in defense of the prefecture and the decision of the court.

NDDL: the administrative justice rejects recourse of the occupants of the ZAD

The Administrative Court of Nantes on Friday dismissed appeals from occupants of the ZAD Notre-Dame-des-Landes, which were intended to compel the State to provide administrative documents related to their possible evictions, announced to the AFP the lawyer of the applicants.

"The summonses (urgency procedures) are rejected.The administrative court declares itself incompetent to rule on our request," said to AFP Pierre Huriet, who had filed in last weekend, on the eve of the end of the winter break of expulsions, nine referred "useful measures" on behalf of occupants of the ZAD.

These latter enjoined the prefecture of Loire-Atlantique to communicate to them a possible decision of expulsion or any administrative act relating thereto, which could justify their expulsion by the public force.

The decision of the judge for interim relief comes at a time when intervention by the police seems imminent in Notre-Dame-des-Landes, to expel its illegal occupants. The ultimatum set by the government to leave on their own, nearly three months after the abandonment of the airport project, has indeed expired.

"It does not change the legality or otherwise of future expulsions," said Huriet. He also said "surprised by the delay that counts in tens of minutes", between the communication of arguments in defense of the prefecture and the decision of the court.

"The defense of the prefecture suggests that there were orders on request (without contradictory procedure, nor public, Ed), that is to say, anonymous procedures that do not leave us with opportunity to defend us, for almost all places "of the ZAD, told AFP an occupant.

"Their argument is that they could not do otherwise, because they were unable to identify the persons concerned. (…) These are fallacious arguments, because we have several to have For years, we have been sending letters by giving our name and saying that we lived in a particular plot, "he added.

Occupants of the ZAD and some components of the anti-airport movement have also formally sent to the prefecture – by email Thursday and by registered letter Friday morning – a proposal for a precarious occupation collective agreement for part of the 1,650 hectares of the ZAD.

Through this proposal, which they present as "a form of global regularization" that would "reopen the dialogue" with the state and avoid an eviction operation, they want to sign a precarious and collective lease for 278 ha of agricultural land on which they launched agricultural or artisanal projects. The convention would also cover 220 hectares of woodland and about twenty hectares of various habitats and buildings, depending on the occupants.

The state has repeatedly stated that it favors individual solutions for land use, as part of the future agricultural project of the ZAD.

NDDL: massive and imminent operation to expel illegal occupants

The countdown has begun: a large number of police forces are now on the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes (Loire-Atlantique), in order to expel them illegal occupants, almost three months after the abandonment of the airport project.

The operation, scheduled "next week", should last at least a week, and mobilize twenty-five squadrons mobile gendarmerie, or about 2,500 soldiers, according to a source close to the file.

On January 17, in putting an end to this fifty-year-old project, Prime Minister Philippe Philippe set an ultimatum for the occupants of the former "deferred development zone", renamed "zone to defend", their giving until the spring to regulate or leave of themselves, under penalty of being expelled.

On Sunday, the day after the end of the winter break for expulsions, this letter of formal notice has expired. And few are the "zadistes" – some 250 currently – to have left the site of 1,650 hectares or to have put themselves in situation of "legality", by declaring for example new individual agricultural projects.

The cancellation of a trip by Édouard Philippe to Mali this weekend, because of a "topical news in France" on the social front, is not foreign to this intervention, according to government sources as the executive prepares his eviction scenario.

 Face-to-face tense between police and zadistes, on November 24, 2012, during a previous attempt to evacuate the ZAD (

Face to face between security forces and zadistes , on November 24, 2012, during a previous attempt to evacuate the ZAD ("Operation César") (AFP / Archives – JEAN-SEBASTIEN EVRARD)

This is the first major operation since the fall of 2012 and a massive evacuation attempt giving rise to violent clashes, called "Operation César", it had turned into a fiasco despite the deployment of more than a thousand gendarmes and policemen.

Five years and half after, the project of transfer of the Nantes airport is not any more. "One will not do again Caesar, that's for sure," warned in March the prefect of Loire-Atlantique, Nicole Klein.

She renewed Wednesday and until the evening of April 12 five prefectural orders, taken after the abandonment of the project and to contain the possible influx of "several hundred radicalized militants". In particular, they prohibit the transportation of fuel, hazardous materials and weapons items in and around the ZAD.

– "Physical Resistance and Determined" –

 Rally in Nantes of former opponents of the Notre-Dame-des-Landes airport project, March 19, 2018 (AFP / Archives - LOIC VENANCE)

Rally in Nantes of former opponents of the Notre-Dame-des-Landes airport project, March 19, 2018 (AFP / Archives – LOIC VENANCE)

Since 9 April as evacuation date has been fleeing into the media Monday night, the "zadistes" have reiterated their calls to come oppose evictions on the site, to rebuild any squat destroyed but also to gather before the prefectures, including Nantes and Rennes.

"As in 2012, we will not let it go: the resistance will be physical and determined", warns the movement of occupation, invoking a "hybrid force" made of "barricades, blockages human or with tractors, sabotage, projectiles , perched huts "or" various harassment ".

External support has already arrived on the ZAD this week to help "fifteen projects", scheduled to last until Sunday, said an occupant to AFP. "It does not count in the thousands but there are people," she added.

The occupiers also promise in case of intervention of the police to block the roads, including the departmental 281. The rehabilitation work of this ex-"road chicanes", protected daily by 200 mobile police officers , ended last week, but the department's decree prohibiting traffic has still not been lifted.

Erected by the state as a symbol of the "return to the rule of law" on the site, RD281 is a point of tension within the very heterogeneous anti-airport movement, because of the presence in its immediate surroundings of a minority refusing any regularization.

 On February 5, 2018, gendarmes protect restoration work on RD281, ex-

On February 5, 2018, gendarmes protect rehabilitation work on RD281, ex- "route des chicanes" ". (AFP / Archives – DAMIEN MEYER)

Some associations, including the main one, Acipa, said as early as January that they would not come "to defend this road which must become circulating". "We may protect places, but if they are the subject of agricultural or para-agricultural projects," says Julien Durand, spokesman for the Acipa.

The massive influx of forces of the 'order' is likely to set fire to the territory tomorrow ", fears Vincent Delabouglise, member of the group of agricultural organizations Buddy 44." Nothing justifies an emergency expulsion ", he estimates, while a" The vast majority of "Zadists" seek to "be in common law" and bring to the state its wish for a convention of temporary and collective occupation of land.

NDDL: abandonment of the project could cost the state up to 600 million euros, according to Woerth

The abandonment of the Notre-Dame-des-Landes airport project (NDDL) will cause a loss for the public finances of 200 to 600 million euros, according to an estimate of the president (LR) of the Finance Committee of the National Assembly, Eric Woerth, Wednesday.

This estimate also includes the redevelopment of Nantes-Atlantique airport, said the deputy Republicans of the Oise during the presentation to the Commission of the the financial consequences of the abandonment of this controversial project.

On the contrary, the continuation of the project would have allowed a net profit of 180 million euros over the duration of the concession, says moreover

These figures are based on the analysis of financial documents submitted by the state administration and by the local and regional authorities involved in the project, in the framework of a parliamentary control.

The government announced mid-January the abandonment of the proposed transfer of Nantes-Atlantiques airport to Notre-Dame-des-Landes, recommending instead to adapt to the evolution of the traffic the existing airports of Nantes, Rennes and Brest.

The former Minister of the Budget also judged that the possible compensation of the concessionaire, the company Airports of the Great West (AGO), charged in particular to realize the new airport was a "considerable financial risk" but should be negotiated.

The government could pay him a maximum of 500 million euros, he said. But "when the compensation (…) will be greater than 100 or 120 million euros, or between 20 to 30% of the maximum estimates, the cost to the State of the abandonment of Notre-Dame-des -Landes will be superior to that of the continuation of the project ", underlined Éric Woerth.

Concerning the modernization of the current airport of Nantes-Atlantique, which foresees in particular its enlargement, the invoice could reach 500 million euros according to a government mediation mission. A sum which seems "underestimated", the member worried.

"It will be necessary to take into account the additional costs related to the closing of the airport during the works on the track, during several weeks", he argued

"Especially the lengthening of the runway and the extension of the terminal require land acquisitions and work, subject to significant environmental constraints", continued Mr. Woerth. [19659002AttheendofJanuaryMrWoerthafteracheckonthespotandonthespotattheDGAChadestimatedthatthegovernmenthadabandonedtheairportproject"withoutpriormeasurementofthefinancialrisk"

NDDL: resumption of work to repair the former "chicane route"

The rehabilitation work of the old "road chicanes" crossing the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, suspended after damage, resumed Monday morning under protection of the gendarmerie, do we have learned from the departmental council of Loire-Atlantique.

"Work resumed this morning as planned, under escort of gendarmes.They must end tomorrow (Tuesday) at the end of the day," said the department.

The departmental council had announced on March 15 the suspension of the repair works of this road, after degradations made on the bitumen. A complaint had been filed and a judicial inquiry is underway.

 Living in the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, 21 March 2018 (AFP / Archives - JEAN-SEBASTIEN EVRARD)

Living in the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, 21 March 2018 (AFP / Archives – JEAN-SEBASTIEN EVRARD)

This departmental 281, which had been obstructed for more than five years by obstacles of all kinds, was erected by the government as a symbol of "the return to the rule of law "on the former ZAD after the abandonment of the airport project in Notre-Dame-des-Landes.

Secretary of State for the Ecological Transition Sébastien Lecornu borrowed this ex-"route des chicanes" last Wednesday, assuring that "the rule of law (was) back" and calling for the resumption of circulation on this axis at the end of the work.

The chairman (PS) of the Loire-Atlantique departmental council, Philippe Grosvalet, announced, after having met with the secretary of state in Nantes, that he would not lift his ban on driving, taken in November 2012, only on the condition that the safety of users is ensured.