Sixth day of clashes in Notre-Dame-des-Landes

The clashes resumed Saturday morning at the ZAD Notre-Dame-des-Landes where hundreds of opponents have in particular delivered barricades where the gendarmes have been trying to dismantle them, the day after a surprise visit. of the Prime Minister, according to AFP journalists

The gendarmes were not responding with tear gas and stun grenades at the firing of rockets of the opponents. A drone flew over the area.

There were at least three wooden barricades or rebuilt tires on the D81, one of which was inflamed.

A helicopter overflight in the night allowed to observe four barricades on this road . "A clearance operation was launched around 07:00 this morning with two armored vehicles in the lead and some squadrons.The barricades were not held and not trapped", according to the gendarmerie.

The police were fired a shot Molotov cocktail and acid spray on the "Suez Road" and fought back with tear gas. There were no casualties.

The medical team of zadistes evoked, for its part, a dozen wounded in their ranks.

While it was 250 at the beginning of the week, the number of opponents rose to 700 Thursday night, according to General Richard Lizurey, director general of the gendarmerie.

 Prime Minister Edouard Philippe (left) and Interior Minister Gérard Collomb (2nd from right) visit the gendarmes mobilized at Notre-Dame-des-Landes on April 13, 2018 (AFP / Archives - Franck Dubray)

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe (left) and Interior Minister Gerard Collomb (2nd from right) visit the gendarmes mobilized at Notre-Dame-des-Landes on April 13, 2018 (AFP / Archives – Franck Dubray)

"We had 700 people in front of us, including extremely violent people, the ultra-left, some + black blocks + are present here.The only goal is to break, to break the police, to hurt, to attack, to vandalize, "he regretted Friday morning.

During a surprise visit to the gendarmes Friday, Edouard Philippe warned against any reoccupation of the evacuated sites while keeping the extended hand to the zadistes who accept the process of regularization.

Doing the po Regarding the expulsions started on Monday, Édouard Philippe declared that "the set of objectives that we had set ourselves was reached: 29 squats (out of 96) were deconstructed and their occupants expelled".

Notre-Dame-des-Landes: clashes during the eviction operation

At dawn in Notre-Dame-des-Landes (Loire Atlantique), security forces launched a massive operation to expel illegal occupants from the ZAD, which resulted in clashes. announces more "complicated" the next days.

"The more it will go, the more it will be complicated", judged the prefect of the Pays de la Loire Nicole Klein. "We made the simplest," she added after the first day of an intervention that mobilized 2,500 gendarmes.

Operations, interrupted at 18:00 according to her, will resume Tuesday at 06H00 , according to the gendarmerie. The gendarmes fired tear gas canisters, according to an AFP journalist.

"The afternoon ends in a grove asphyxiated by tear gas after already long hours of resistance to the destruction of ZAD habitats and farms, "lamented the occupation movement.

" At least nine collective living spaces have perished, with their various special habitats broken, their workshops crumbled, their gardens trampled ", according to his own balance sheet

– "To obstruct" –

The zadistes intend to "prevent" the police from continuing their intervention and "take root" on the spot. They call "all those who can go on the spot from dawn" Tuesday "to obstruct them."

The intervention that began at 06:00, focused on the surroundings of the D281, the ex-route "baffles."

The accesses had been blocked by the mobile gendarmes from 03H00. Images provided by the military show a squadron gendarmerie clearing the road littered with burnt tires, wrecked cars and topped with barricades on fire.

Clashes erupted half an hour after the start of the operation between zadistes and mobile gendarmes at a place called "The black pits", southwest of the D281. A dozen "watchful" tractors barred the road, as well as haystacks and electric poles.

In the middle of the morning, construction machines arrived on the D281. The mirador and the tent of the "Angry Lama" were destroyed by two diggers.

A little later, it is the squat of the "100 names" whose residents have been expelled. The gendarmes had to dislodge dozens of zadistes come to oppose peacefully with the destruction of the place, found the AFP.

"the 100 names did not deposit an agricultural project", declared the prefect, also ensuring that only the precarious facilities would be destroyed and "nothing that is hard."

The destruction of this place is "useless", replied a group of elected anti-airport. It "may be fraught with consequences."

The Acipa, the main association of opponents of the former airport project, and rather moderate, spoke of "red line crossed" after the destruction of " 100 names ", place of life which" carried a real agricultural project, a solid and perennial project ". They called their supporters to "come in numbers" protest Tuesday on the ZAD.

13 squats dismantled –

At 15:30, 13 squats were "treated" and ten people were expelled according to a report of the Ministry of the Interior. Interior. Seven people were arrested and placed in police custody. One policeman was slightly wounded.

Six of the seven persons arrested were in the same vehicle, in possession of narcotics and firecrackers. The seventh is a minor arrested as early as 5:30 am in particular for the throw of a pavement.

The prefect explained that the objective of dismantling a "quarantine squats" out of 97 was "almost reached". Nine ushers are on site, she said.

The aerial flight of the area was banned until next Friday.

Demonstrations were taking place Monday night in Nantes, Rennes and other cities from France to protest the intervention on the ZAD.

The large-scale operation launched on Monday morning plans to expel anyone who has not regularized its situation by declaring new individual agricultural projects.

Almost all of the estimated 250 local zadis do not have it in fact, preferring collective management of the territory and the possibility of carrying out non-agricultural projects.

On January 17, by putting an end to the airport project, Prime Minister Édouard Philippe promised to eradicate the "no right zone" "

The evacuation operation started on Monday is the first of magnitude since the" Operation César "in the fall of 2012, which had turned into a fiasco despite the mobilization of more than a thousand gendarmes and police officers. .

aag-alh-asl-grd / ao / JLV / swi

Notre-Dame-des-Landes: start of eviction operations

A vast expulsion operation, with several hundred mobile gendarmes deployed, began Monday at dawn in Notre-Dame-des-Landes (Loire-Atlantique) to dislodge the illegal occupants of the ZAD, nearly three months after the abandonment of the airport project, resulting in some clashes.

"From 6am this morning, under the authority of the prefect of Loire-Atlantique, the national gendarmerie will begin an operation of expulsion of illegal occupants of land in the area of ​​Notre-Dame-des-Landes", the Ministry of Interior announced in a statement.

"The operation (…) comes to execute court decisions to proceed with the expulsion of the most radical occupants," says the ministry. It aims to dislodge "a hundred" of people, and will be maintained "as long as it is necessary", said on Europe 1 the Minister of the Interior Gérard Collomb.

The main accesses to the road 281, the Ex-road chicanes and symbol of the "return to the rule of law" were blocked by the gendarmes before 04H00 in the north and from 03H30 in the south, found the AFP.

The Loire-Atlantique Prefect, Nicole Klein, was there

Clashes erupted between "zadistes" and mobile gendarmes, who fired tear gas and stun grenades in response to projectile jets.

] Several car wrecks were completely overturned on the sides, on and by the side of the road, AFP found. Still smoking tires and barricades strewed the edges of the area.

The journalists were kept out of the way once the operation began.

A very important device of mobile gendarmes was mobilized, with queues of trucks parked on one side of the road, fires lit under the fog.

"It starts," an occupier told AFP. "They make summons, they saw the barricades."

A first arrest took place after projectiles fired, according to sources close to the file. A gendarme was wounded following a rocket fire and suffers from a retinal detachment, according to the Ministry of the Interior.

– Calls for resistance –

"These evictions are illegal", said a occupant of the ZAD calling himself "Camille" to AFP. "It is unacceptable that the state is driving people out of their homes, we are calling on all people to resist supporting us and joining local gatherings, we were in a peaceful negotiation with the prefecture in search of collective solutions."

This large-scale operation, planned over several days, is expected to mobilize a total of twenty-five squadrons of mobile gendarmerie, or about 2,500 soldiers. It plans to expel anyone who has not regularized its situation, for example by declaring new individual agricultural projects, and to dismantle some of the 97 squats identified by the authorities.

Almost all 250 zadists estimated on the spot did not do so, preferring collective management of the territory and the possibility of carrying out non-agricultural projects.

On January 17, by putting an end to this fifty-year-old project, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe had promised to end to the "no law zone" on the ZAD.

Faced with what they call a "government hurricane", occupiers in the ZAD warned they would lead "physical and determined resistance."

Calls for reinforcements have been launched in recent days to set up barricades, organize food and food supplies, a "hybrid force" claimed by the occupation movement.

Acipa, the main association of opponents of the former airport project, called on the state "not to initiate the process of expulsions and violence" and to privilege "dialogue", while by reaffirming its opposition to possible blockades of roads by the zadistes.

They also call for rallies at 18:00 in Nantes and Rennes and converge Sunday on the ZAD to rebuild the destroyed habitats.

The operation started on Monday is the first of magnitude since autumn 2012. This last attempt at mass evacuation of occupants, called "Operation César", had turned into a fiasco despite the mobilization of more than a thousand gendarmes and policemen.

aag-alh-asl-grd / hdu / GVY / shu

The airport project in Notre-Dame-des-Landes in 10 key dates

Abandoned on 17 January by the government, the disputed project to build an airport at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, some twenty kilometers north of Nantes, dates back to the 1960s. Here are the ten dates- keys:

– 1965/70: choice of site –

The prefect of Loire-Atlantique launches in 1965 the search for a site for a new airport in the West to accommodate the Concorde. The area of ​​Notre-Dame-des-Landes is preferred to 17 others. This choice was validated in 1970 by the Interministerial Committee for Regional Planning (Ciat).

– 1974: creation of the ZAD –

A deferred development zone (ZAD) of 1,225 hectares is created on the site Notre-Dame-des-Landes, resulting in the gradual pre-emption of land by the General Council of Loire-Atlantique.

– 2000: revival of the project –

On October 26, 2000, the Socialist Prime Minister Lionel Jospin relaunched the project, put to sleep more than 25 years. A public debate, conducted until 2003, does not bring any consensus. The decree declaring the new airport of public utility (DUP) is published on February 10, 2008 in the Official Journal, after a favorable opinion of the commission of inquiry.

– 2009: occupation –

Anti-capitalist militants begin to occupy the ZAD in August 2009 after the holding of a "climate action camp"

– 2010: concession to Vinci –

Vinci wins in December the call for tenders for the design, the financing, the construction and operation of the future airport for a period of 55 years

– 2012/13: "commission of the dialogue" –

Suspending the operation "Caesar", aimed at expelling the occupants of the ZAD, the Government of Jean-Marc Ayrault sets up in late 2012 a "commission of dialogue". It concludes in April 2013 to the usefulness of the project, while recommending an improvement of the measures of environmental compensation.

– 2015: green light to work –

On October 30, 2015, the prefecture of Loire-Atlantique announces the resumption of work for 2016, following the rejection in July of the environmental remedies filed by the opponents and the confirmation by Prime Minister Manuel Valls of the continuation of the project. On January 25, 2016, the justice validates the expulsion of the last farmers and historic residents living on the ZAD

– June 26, 2016: local consultation –

The voters of Loire-Atlantique vote in favor of the construction of the new airport, more than 55% of the vote, during a consultation organized by the President of the Republic, Francois Hollande, who promises that the result will be respected. Despite the validation by the court orders authorizing the work in mid-November, the government of Bernard Cazeneuve gives up on December 9 its goal of an evacuation of the ZAD, scheduled for the fall.

– December 13, 2017: Ultimate Expert Report –

After a six-month mission, three mediators appointed by the executive for, "one last time, look at things" and "bring down the tension" on this highly contested issue, give their copy to the Prime Minister, proposing two options, either the construction of the new airport at Notre-Dame-des-Landes, or the redevelopment of the existing one of Nantes Atlantique. The government promises a "clear" and "assumed" decision on the continuation or not of the project before the end of January 2018.

– January 17, 2018: abandonment of the project

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe announces at a conference of press the abandonment of the project to build an airport in Notre-Dame-des-Landes, opting for a redevelopment of the current airport of Nantes-Atlantique.

Cartography of the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes

The "ZAD" of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, acronym for "deferred development zone" transformed by its occupants into "zone to be defended", is a site of 1,650 hectares in the bocage of Nantes with rich biodiversity , preserved for fifty years of agricultural intensification due to the airport project, abandoned on January 17.

The site, chosen in 1970 to accommodate a new airport, about twenty kilometers north of Nantes and about 80 kilometers south of Rennes, is mainly composed of agricultural areas still mostly cultivated and in a small part of forest.

Delimited to the west by the national road 165 linking Nantes to Vannes and to the east by the RN137 Nantes-Rennes, the ZAD is surrounded by rural communes, including Notre-Dame-des-Landes, connected between them. departmental roads crossing the area from north to south.

One of them, the RD281, known as the "road of chicanes", was obstructed for more than five years by obstacles of all kinds (tires, wrecks of vehicles, barricades, huts and watchtowers), before being released in January by the opponents of the former airport project. Restoration by the agents of the Department of Loire-Atlantique, under protection of mobile gendarmes, it has still not been reopened to traffic.

The creation of the "ZAD" in 1974, to allow the General Council of Loire-Atlantique to pre-empt farmland as and when the soil, thus protecting this territory from any consolidation, has de facto frozen the whole bocager, made up of 98% of wetlands – types of sponges regulating floods and droughts – and located upstream of two watersheds.

Cultures, meadows, forests or wet moors, but also springs, streams and ponds shelter a hundred protected species, floristic or faunistic, from birds to bats.

Habitats, farms and permanent houses as squats of unequal quality, are present on more than 900 hectares which were dedicated to the realization of the airport and to the road connection. They are particularly concentrated in the northwest, center and south of the ZAD.