Pentagon Reports New Nuclear Defense Plan

Nearly 30 years after the end of the Cold War, nuclear deterrence and defense are now in the spotlight. The Pentagon presented its new nuclear plan this month that will modernize nuclear defenses on land, sea and air; or known as the "nuclear triad," while seeking changes to its nuclear weapons.

All components of the American nuclear arsenal on land, sea and air are expected to expire in the next ten years. Experts say that if America does not take action to modernize from now on, then the nuclear arsenal goal – that is to deter other countries from using their nuclear weapons – could be threatened.

Michaela Dodge at the Heritage Foundation says, "There is a presumption that American action will cause nuclear arms rivalry, but I think it's already going on, it's just that America is not taking part in the fight. "

Some analysts say Russia and China have started to update their nuclear weapons program twenty years ago. It is also overshadowed by North Korea's nuclear threat and the development of Iran's nuclear weapons.

To address this change, the Pentagon called for two additional nuclear weapons of America. First, restoring the ability to launch sea-based missiles, a capability possessed by Americans during the Cold War.

Second, is to add low-capacity ballistic missiles – or whose strengths are not too large – to be launched from submarines. This addition will be able to dampen the ambitions of America's strongest enemy, namely Russia, which is likely to use low-capacity weapons to impose its will in small conflicts.

Michael O'Hanlon at the Brookings Institution says, "I tend to get back on track. last year where both sides reduced the role of nuclear weapons in their foreign policy. I think Russia is not giving us that option now, so for the moment I think we should be more assertive than my earlier expectations. "

The Obama administration's posture review of 2010 produced a delicate balance between the ultimate goal of a world without nuclear weapons maintaining safe and effective nuclear weapons. The Trump government version focuses on the second point of maintaining American weapons, and making the issue of arms control an option that is not prioritized. [em/jm]

Trump for Infrastructure Budget Plan Already Waiting Long

Infrastructure in America is much damaged. President Donald Trump on Monday (12/2) presented a long-awaited $ 1.5 trillion plan to repair the damaged infrastructure, and held meetings with local and state officials to discuss it. For the local community, the budget came too late.

In December 2015, a historic building in the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – Greenfield Bridge – collapsed. The bridge later became one of the thousands of critical infrastructure projects being repaired in America.

Projects such as repairing the 95-year-old bridge are too costly for most local people to be self-financed. Without the help of federal and state governments, this project would not be possible.

Pittsburgh city official Guy Costa said: "We need it. Everyone needs it. Not only are there in Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania, but also people across America. Here a lot of infrastructure is old and. broken. So any funding will be a very good thing. "

Pittsburgh city official Guy Costa added that the federal grant includes 80% improvement, the other 15% coming from the state of Pennsylvania and the remaining 5% of the city of Pittsburgh. This means that the city of Pittsburgh only needs to bear a million dollars out of the 19 million dollars the cost of building the bridge.

Trump's president used to campaign that he will ask Congress to pass a trillion-dollar budget to fund the repair of a long-damaged infrastructure.

– local officials say this is actually too late. Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto said, "We build all of this infrastructure, but we do nothing to keep it functioning. Nothing at all. "

Pittsburgh was once a special industrial city for steel production. But like many other old cities, an uncontrolled urban expansion – linking the heart of Pittsburgh with the suburbs – means more budget spent on new projects, and fewer are set aside to maintain older buildings. [19659003] "No different from our house. The roof starts to leak, but we keep ignoring it, until one day we have to replace the entire roof of the house, "added Peduto.

In addition, the bureaucratic process is slower. Furthermore, Guy Costa says, "Many budgets – since being approved in Washington to the local level – take years, and then from there we have to undergo the process of designing the building for four years."

This infrastructure project will have an impact on nearly 20 thousand people. And that's just one bridge, in a city of 300,000 people. Imagine this happening across America. Progress brings inconvenience. Tens of thousands of people using Greenfield Bridge are now forced to pass the previously deserted suburbs.

Katie Lederman, a suburban resident, said: "This traffic jam caused chaos and disruption, so I considered selling my house. This is terrible! "

The fate of more than 58,000 other damaged bridges now depends on the success of President Trump convincing Congress to make his campaign promise a reality. [em/ii]

Rescue Plan for River Systems in Australia Threatened Fail

The Murray-Darling river basin produces 40 percent of Australian food, and for the past five years, a designated special authority has sought to balance the system's environmental needs with the farmers' economic demands. The critical water distribution deal is under threat following a dispute among the Australian states about how much water is allocated for agricultural and environmental needs.

The states of Victoria and New South Wales insist the plan is untenable, after the Australian federal parliament has suspended a change in the distribution of water that would give farmers 70 billion liters of water, which had previously been allocated for environmental use. The Senators are worried about allegations that the system is corrupt and attempted by a group of evil farmers who want to steal water from the river system.

Federal Greens party spokesman Senator Sarah Hanson-Young said, "Among water theft, corruption, mismanagement , why should parliament give more water to those who behave badly? "

 A farmer Ian Shippen walks through an irrigation system in his field amid the Murray-Darling river basin outside Moulamein, Australia.

A farmer Ian Shippen runs through an irrigation system in his field in the middle of the Murray-Darling river basin outside Moulamein, Australia.

The Murray-Darling river basin is Australia's largest and most famous river system. It covers an area of ‚Äč‚Äčover one million square kilometers in the south-east of the country, a region larger than a combination of France and Germany.

Scientists argue, there has been no overhaul in the health of the river system since a rescue plan lasted more than five years (19659002) The recovery plan seeks a balance between environmental protection and the interests of the agricultural industry, but both sides think they are harmed. There is also a fierce dispute amongst the Australian states.

Australia is the most densely populated continent in the world and often experiences severe drought. [ps/jm]

US Does not Plan a Limited Military Attack Against North Korea

A top US State Department official on Thursday (16/2) raised doubts about the idea that the United States will hold a limited military offensive to North Korea, an idea known as the "bloody nose strategy. "

A staggering North Korean charm at the Olympics seems to be held to boost the country's image among many people. While the United States indicates openness to dialogue, Washington also continues its maximum pressure on Pyongyang.

Susan Thornton, assistant assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, said, "We imagine the pressure will continue to rise. Pressure will not slacken. We open up the opportunity for dialogue, as you say, and we want that dialogue on one issue, denuclearization, our comprehensive goal in this policy. "

Thornton said, as far as he knew, there was no" bloody nose "strategy or limited military attack plan on the Korean Peninsula. It indicates that diplomacy is the number one priority.

Read also: North Korea, 'The Most Confrontational Threat' to the US and Allies

The United States Department of State says, on North Korea to stop nuclear aggression or engage in talks. US State Department spokesman Heather Nauert said, "We left the door open. We want a dialogue on one issue, denuclearization. Our policy has not changed. Our policies remain the same. The whole objective is denuclearization. "

While Washington does not support regime change, some analysts say the United States needs to dialogue with China to find out the location of North Korean nuclear weapons in preparation for any scenario.

Bonnie Glaser of the Center for Strategic Studies and International ( CSIS ) revealed, "One of the reasons we want to dialogue with China on this issue is whether there is a North Korean nuclear test facility located not far from the Chinese border, or within 100 kilometers . The United States believes China does not want US troops to move towards China's borders should the crisis happen. "

A week ago, a Chinese diplomat reassured US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson that Beijing is committed to pressuring North Korea over its nuclear weapons program. [ab/lt]

Trump Launches Massive Infrastructure Development Plan

President Donald Trump on Monday (12/2) disclosed a long-awaited plan to tackle damaged infrastructure, and he met with state and local officials to discuss the program.

The plan will use $ 200 billion federal funds and other $ 1.3 to $ 1.5 trillion state and enterprise investments in a 10-year plan to repair roads, bridges, railways and other infrastructure in America.

In a cuwitan on Twitter, Trump said, This is a great week for infrastructure and after stupidly spending $ 7 trillion dollars in the Middle East, it's time to start investing in our own country! "

Trump told a White House meeting with officials from across the country that US military spending in the Middle East has made things worse than 17 years ago when our military went in there. "

Teta pi he says, the investment returns (from new infrastructure expenditures) to the states will be overwhelming.

"We will build, we will defend it," Trump said. "Our roads are in bad shape, we will build them more modern."

He promised, the permitting process for development will be accelerated "from 10 years to two years or maybe a year. Washington will be your partner. "

See also: Public Support Levels on Trump Rises

A $ 200 billion federal fund in the next ten years will comes from cuts to existing programs, the amount Trump calls "is not a huge amount." Of these, half will be spent on incentive programs to offset state and local government funds. [ps/ii]