Thursday, April 19, 2018, the British government announced to ban plastic straws, buds and cotton swabs by the end of the year. This decision comes as part of its plan to fight against plastic waste. In United Kingdom the Marine Conservation Society is responsible for the surveillance of the seas and coasts of the country and regularly carries out beach cleaning operations. According to their figures the statement is without appeal . Thousands of plastic waste, cutlery, straws, goblets, sticks or cotton swabs are found at their Great british beach clean . Figures are up 23% since last year. According to them, for the cotton swabs, the record on a single beach is more than 13,000 swabs found. As far as straw is concerned, around 8.5 billion plastic straws are thrown away each year in the UK. That's more than 150 tons of plastic per year poured into the oceans.
This waste has a very harmful effect it is suspected on the environment they are grouped within real continents of plastic . A number of these wastes were swallowed by animals who confused them with their food and smothered them. Or the marine fauna gets entangled with, without being able to extricate itself, and ends up dying. The remaining waste is fragmented on the spot under the action of granular elements and other flakes that poison the fauna and flora.
A sea turtle in 2015 is seen removing a straw in plastic stuck in his nostril.
So it was time to act and the London government proposed in January 2018 a new plan to fight against plastic waste, providing for the generalization of plastic bags paid to all businesses in England. Then in late March, 2018, the British executive announced its intention to establish a deposit system on plastic bottles . The forthcoming ban on straws, mixers and cotton swabs is the logical consequence of this new ecological policy.
A European movement
Europe has a similar reflection. Indeed, the European Commission wants all plastic packaging to be recyclable by 2030 . In particular, it wants to drastically reduce the use of single-use bags by 80% by 2019 compared to the beginning of the decade. They have become profitable to reduce their use, where they are replaced by bio-degradable bags.
In France, despite generous intentions about recycling – which we know already they will be difficult to hold – things are moving too. The Biodiversity Law adopted in July 2016 should put an end to the use, except medical, plastic cotton-rods for 2020. As in the United Kingdom, the plastic sticks will be replaced by sticks in biodegradable paper or reusable sticks where cotton is to be added with each use. The limitation on the sale of cutlery and disposable plastic cups is also expected to come into effect on January 1, 2020, with the goal of achieving 50% disposable tableware by 2020 and 60% by 2025. Oceans will then see less plastic arrive. It will then be time to clean them up .