143 million climate refugees by 2050?

The World Bank carried out the first study on the effects of climate change on the migratory flow. This study highlights three regions of the developing world, areas vulnerable to climate change. The study predicts 86 million potential "climate refugees" in sub-Saharan Africa, 40 million in South Asia and 17 million in Latin America. " These three regions of the world represent 55% of the population of developing countries and the millions of people concerned represent 2.8% of the population of these regions ," says the World Bank. In all, 143 million people would be forced to migrate within their own country, by 2050, to try to escape the consequences of global warming.

Three countries, three scenarios

The World Bank has chosen to highlight the situation of three countries in the three regions selected for the study: Bangladesh, Mexico and Ethiopia. "C countries have very different profiles in terms of climate, demography, migratory flows, livelihoods and development ," says the World Bank. In the worst-case scenario envisioned by the study, South Asia will have 40 million internal climate refugees in 2050, only a third of which are in Bangladesh. " In this country, almost half of the inhabitants are dependent on agriculture. The problems of water scarcity and declining agricultural production linked to climate change are likely to lead to large population movements "says the World Bank. In sub-Saharan Africa, rainfed agriculture is of great importance. The study indicates that "l projections project a growth of the Ethiopian population in the range of 60 to 85% by 2050, which will further accentuate the pressures on the country's natural resources. and on its institutions. "Finally, in Mexico, it is the rainfed agricultural areas, mainly because of the decline in crop yields, that are expected to experience the largest outflow of emigration. " The country will experience a rise in average and extreme temperatures, especially in low-lying (and therefore warmer) areas, especially in coastal areas, particularly Yucatan", . World Bank.

All but one fatality

The inhabitants of these three countries would be forced to move because of water shortages, poor harvests due to drought, rising sea levels and worsening storms. These already known phenomena will push coastal populations to take refuge in the land. But the World Bank assures: " the number of these refugees could be reduced by 80% (more than 100 million people) if the international community intensifies its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and that countries adopt sound development plans s "

Ten Rohingya refugees killed by elephants in Bangladesh

Elephants in search of food have killed 10 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh in several incidents, the UN reported on Tuesday, announcing a plan for "peaceful coexistence" between animals and refugee camps.

Some 700,000 members of the Rohingya Muslim community have fled Burma since August to settle in neighboring Bangladesh following a campaign of military repression denounced by the UN as "ethnic cleansing."

The massive influx of refugees has resulted in the establishment of numerous camps in the border area of ​​Cox's Bazar, including Kutupalong, which has become the largest refugee camp in the world.

The living conditions of refugees remain extremely difficult despite international aid, and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) pointed out that the threat of elephants had become a new source of concern.

"La zo today occupied by Kutupalong camp has long been an important habitat for Asian elephants. There are about 40 elephants in this area and they are traveling between Bangladesh and Burma in search of food, "UNHCR said in a statement.

" When wild elephants try to cross the camp, they enter inevitably in contact with humans, and this is the danger, "the agency added.

" Ten refugees were killed by scared elephants inside these camps. Others were simply injured and lost what little they had, "the statement said.

UNHCR announced that it had formed a partnership with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which helps people in Bangladesh to live alongside wild elephants.

The program will teach refugees how to behave in the face of an elephant and also how to deter him from entering the camp.

Influenced by a strong Buddhist nationalism, a majority of Burmese consider the Rohingyas as foreigners and see them as a threat to the country's predominance of Buddhism.

Burma and Bangladesh reached an agreement in November on the Rohingya's return to the country. Rakhine State (Western Burma)

But UN experts and humanitarian NGOs believe that conditions are not in place for such a return and demand that repatriations be carried out only on a voluntary basis.

Myanmar declares ready to return Rohingya refugees

A Myanmar minister told the president of Bangladesh that Myanmar is ready to repatriate the Rohingya Muslims who have fled the violence, although Bangladesh says it wants hundreds of thousands of refugees to have a safe and dignified repatriation opportunity.

Myanmar Interior Minister Kyaw Swe, in a three-day visit to Bangladesh, told President Abdul Hamid that Myanmar is ready to pick up Rohingya refugees according to an agreement signed late last year. So says presidential spokesman Joynal Abedin on Friday.

UN: Myanmar fails to create safer conditions for return of Rohingya refugees

Abedin also quotes Kyaw Swe as saying that Myanmar will implement the recommendation with a commission headed by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. The spokesman said Hamid expressed his concern for Rohingya and wanted their repatriation safely and with dignity as agreed.

Kyaw Swe is scheduled to meet with Bangladesh's Minister of Home Affairs to discuss the return of refugees further. [lt]

Rohingya Refugees Facing Emergency Situations Ahead of the Rainy Season

United Nations refugee agency UNHCR says Rohingya refugees housed in camps outside Myanmar are now facing a new emergency due to the monsoon season. A UNHCR representative on Tuesday said the Burmese government had not yet confirmed the end of the threat of violence that forced hundreds of thousands of people to flee.

The United States urged the UN Security Council on Tuesday to hold the military leaders responsible for "ethnic cleansing" Rohingyas.

The United Nations says more than 100,000 Rohingya refugees live in flood-prone areas and landslides. UNHCR High Commissioner Filippo Grandi said Tuesday that tens of thousands of refugees should be relocated soon.

"With the emergence of a new emergency, we are now racing against time. The rainy season will start this March, "said Grandi.

Read also: UN: Myanmar fails to create safe conditions for the return of Rohingya refugees

Di Under the international pressure, the Myanmar government agreed to allow a number of Rohingya citizens to return to Rakhine state.

Myanmar Ambassador to the UN Hau Do Suan said, "We have made the necessary preparations and are now ready to receive the first group of returning refugees." [19659002] But reporters found continuing violence against Muslim minority groups in Rakhine state.

UN deputy head of state for political affairs Miroslav Jenca said, "Reuters news agency published a report written by journalists on the murder of 10 men, male Rohingya in the village of Inn Din, Maungdaw, in the northern part of Rakhine. The Associated Press also reported five mass graves in the village of Gu Dar Pyin in Buthidaung. "

Since then, two Reuters journalists have been imprisoned and international investigation teams are not allowed to see locations where alleged violence has occurred.

Bangladesh said the Rohingyas from the state of Rakhine were still entering their country.

Bangladesh Ambassador to the UN Masud bin Momen said, "The remaining Rohingyas in the north of Rakhine are still continuing across the border; escape from cruelty, persecution and hunger. In the first 10 days of this month, there are 1,500 new refugees arriving in Bangladesh. "

US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley has urged the UN Security Council to address this atrocity in Myanmar

" In this situation we can not pretend not to know. What is happening in Myanmar and what is still happening there is not good. The council should hold the military accountable for action and pressure Myanmar's leader Aung San Suu Kyi to acknowledge the terrible acts committed in her country. There is no more reason not to act, "said Haley.

Nikki Haley also called for two journalists of the Reuters news agency arrested for reporting the Muslim-Rohingya massacre also immediately released. [em/ii]

Myanmar Failed to Create Safe Conditions for Return of Rohingya Refugees

UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said on Monday that Myanmar had failed to create a safe condition for the return of 688,000 Muslims-Rohingyas who fled from military crackdown six months ago.

Refugees taking shelter in emergency camps in Bangladesh despite an agreement between Myanmar and Bangladesh that allowed their return to the state of Rakhine.

"Typically, this condition for the voluntary repatriation of Rohingya refugees is still not conducive," said Grandi, speaking through videoconferences at the council meeting.

"The thing that caused them to evacuate has not been addressed, and we still have not seen any substantive progress in addressing the issue of exceptions and denial of the rights of the deceased Muslims-Rohingyas, rooted in their citizenship , "He added.

See also: Jo kowi Visit Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh

Myanmar considers Muslim-Rohingyas as immigrants from Bangladesh and refuses to grant citizenship, even though this group has been in Myanmar for generations.

An advisory panel led by former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan has called on Myanmar to grant citizenship to Muslim-Rohingyas and allow them back.

The United Nations has accused Myanmar forces of expelling the Rohingyas in an ethnic cleansing campaign.

China, former supporters "The Muslim-Spirit Crisis can not be completed in one night," said Chinese Ambassador Ma Zhaoxu.

He added that, steps should be adopted by Myanmar "to address the root causes of poverty through pemba ngunan "in Rakhine state. [em/jm]