WASHINGTON DC –
The role of religion in the formation and development of America became the theme of the National Museum of American History or the National Museum of American History in Washington DC. The exhibition, which lasted until June 2018, demonstrated the diversity of religion, freedom and development from the colonial era to the 1840s.
The history of religion in America begins with the arrival of Pilgrim settlers into the area now known as Massachusetts by Mayflower ship in 1620. The suppression of religion moved the people to leave Europe to the New World, but there were other groups who came in the seventeenth century and tried to practice their religion peacefully.
"The religious tradition brought to America in the seventeenth century was far more diverse than imagined by people. There is a large Protestant community, originating in Britain and the Netherlands, but at the same time, Catholics also landed in Maryland, "said the curator of the American Museum of American History Peter Manseau.
There are also various Native American beliefs and practices in the era colonial. When African slaves were forcibly taken in the seventeenth century, they took religion from their homeland, including Islam.
"The dominance of each tradition depends on the region. The community is settled and other members will follow them, "he added.
Manseau added that the effort to create a uniform society would cause them to split and seek new territory.
" From the beginning there was a sense that different communities would find a foothold are different for living in America, but over time, the need for this community to live together and the diversity of those who live in the same place creates a need for religious freedom, a way in which everyone is entitled to practice religion freely, "Manseau continued. .
When frictions and conflicts arise among the different religious groups, according to Manseau, this leads to the preparation of constitutional protection against religious freedom.
"At the state level, there is constant conflict and agitation to achieve freedom which is larger, so even though the federal government of America decides p there is a federal level, for the whole nation, not enacted in an official church, the state retains its own official church, "he added.
But the notion of religious freedom, as enshrined in the First Amendment of the American Constitution, is not immediately accepted. years before freedom of religion across America was accepted as law in this country, "Manseau said.
Afterwards minority religious groups enjoy the same rights as the majority churches. "Every generation of Americans should ask this question: what is the meaning of religious freedom for each of us, and when there is a new religious community developing in America, it is inevitable to question this over and over again," he explained. [em/jm]