NDDL: the situation remains stuck after more than a week of operations

On the eighth day of gendarmerie operations on the ZAD Notre-Dame-des-Landes, the situation remains blocked Monday, the police clearing barricades immediately rebuilt by the zadistes and their supporters.

After a calm night, and the televised speech of the President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron Sunday evening that recalled that "the republican order must be respected" on the ZAD, the gendarmes have recovered Monday morning, as every day, to clear the barricades installed in the night by the zadistes on the D81. Immediately the gendarmes left, the barricades had gone up again.

Pomegranate shots were still resounding on Monday, notably at "Gourbi", an emblematic place of life of the ZAD, destroyed last week, where the zadistes managed to transport a frame in the night.

About fifty of them protected this frame Monday morning, before being evacuated by the gendarmes who were busy in the middle of the morning to destroy it by sawing it in pieces. Then the zadistes returned from the gendarmes to rebuild the structure, before walking again in the afternoon on the ZAD.

"The destruction of this meeting place that the Gourbi is obviously that it reinforces us ", observes" Camille ", pseudo generic zadistes, a black scarf on the neck and ski goggles on the head.

Reinforcements come even from abroad, according to another" Camille ", anarchist of 54 years old. "There are Englishmen, Italians, Irish, Spaniards," she enumerates, rejoicing at this "big solidarity" and this "cohesion" recreated.

Trenches and barricades continued to be installed Monday afternoon. "They are barricades of defense to defend the places of life since Thursday the evacuations are stopped but it fart of everywhere.Even a symbolic construction as the Gourbi they destroyed it", estimates Claudine, 68 years old, occupying the camping of "White hair"

But some opponents reported their weariness in this state of siege. "I am revolted but the barricades it is not my conflict with me (…) I have the feeling that it is necessary to leave", estimates thus Julien, a inhabitant of the ZAD.

"D ' Firstly, because locals need access to their fields, it's no longer an occupation, it's a state of siege, because of the barricades, they make kilometers in the fields, "he says, preferring instead to enter into negotiations with the prefecture to "impose something".

An end of the clashes notably demanded by the Acipa, historical association, to restore the dialogue.

– "disorder" –

"You have people who come back and have nothing to do with the conflict but who just want the disorder, "denounced Sunday evening Emmanuel Macron.

Sunday the supporters of the zadistes had repeatedly attacked the positions of the gendarmes to large Molotov cocktail reinforcement, rockets and homemade bombs filled with steel balls.

Violent urts, on the sidelines of a peaceful rally of support for expelled from the ZAD which gathered Sunday several thousand people, made seven wounded side gendarmes.

Eight protesters were arrested Sunday, according to the prefecture of Loire-Atlantique .

An investigation of flagrance for aggravated violence was entrusted to the research section of Angers after a homemade bomb containing steel balls that wounded three gendarmes Sunday morning.

More than sixty gendarmes were wounded in a week, according to Emmanuel Macron. "This is unacceptable," he lamented.

The expulsion of illegal occupants from the ZAD, which mobilizes 2,500 gendarmes, began on Monday, April 9, and in three days 29 squats, on which were sometimes several buildings, were destroyed.

now focuses on the free movement of roads, the clearing of squats and the maintenance of order. But the Zadists called their reinforcements more and more on the spot, including "blacks blocks", to try to reinvest the destroyed sites.

The President of the Republic assured Sunday that "everything that will have to be evacuated will be "after the new period of regularization (23 April) left to the illegal occupants to regularize their situation.

Saint-Martin: field study to analyze the situation of buildings degraded by Irma

The state and the community of Saint-Martin launch a field study to analyze the situation of buildings damaged by the passage of hurricane Irma, which devastated the island last September.

As the hurricane season resumes in June, a team of eight experts, mandated by the State, will spend from April 16 to May 21 "in neighborhoods and areas considered priority for analyzing the damage suffered by individual homes and collective ", indicate the State and the community Monday in a joint communique.

In the protocol they signed in November, the community of Saint-Martin and the state had planned to establish "a precise diagnosis of the territory, equipment, buildings and the situation of the people, to evaluate the consequences of the hurricane ", they recall.

This inspection aims to" contribute effectively to the reconstruction of Saint-Martin, by allowing the community to know precisely which buildings must be secured in priority and to set up a new strategy of urban planning, "they explained.

On 5 and 6 September, Irma damaged 95% of the building on Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy, or 20,000 buildings.

The total cost of Insured losses were estimated at 1.83 billion euros by the insurance companies: 990 million for Saint-Martin and 840 for Saint-Barthélemy.

In early March, while the community of Saint-Martin had presented n investment plan of nearly 200 million euros for the reconstruction of public infrastructure under its jurisdiction (schools, networks …), the State announced that it would finance a third of investments (for a total of 66.4 million euros), corresponding notably to the reconstruction of four schools, a sports hall, all the electricity networks and the renovation of part of the social housing stock. The president of the territorial community of St. Martin, Daniel Gibbs, said he was disappointed by these announcements.

The deputy of Saint-Martin Claire Guillon-Firmin (LR) also denounced mid-March "disappointing ads and illusory, "noting that, six months after the hurricane," nearly 1,000 people remain homeless. "

Overseas Minister Annick Girardin had indicated on March 20" urgently requested an answer to help the 1,700 houses that still do not have roofs. "

" Within six months, we must have protected all citizens, "she said in early March, during a visit in St. Martin.

Russia: tense situation around polluting waste dump near Moscow

Russian authorities on Friday attempted to calm the anger of residents of a small town near Moscow, who protested in the thousands to demand the closure of a polluting waste dump whose emissions had caused the hospitalization of

Protests over the presence of landfills have increased in recent weeks in several cities around the Russian capital, where anger is fueled by the impression of residents to be "second-class citizens". "

In Volokolamsk, a town of 20,000 inhabitants located about 100 kilometers north-west of Moscow, where the situation is most acute, the town hall announced that it began distributing respiratory masks to the population and put Russian authorities set up a monitoring plan for the situation.

The authorities also assured that residents with respiratory problems (19659002) The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations nevertheless found that there was "no need" to set up an emergency regime or organize evacuation.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that President Vladimir Putin was monitoring the situation and was "in permanent contact" with the local authorities.

"This is about a complex problem that can not be solved overnight. The work continues, "Peskov told reporters.

The inhabitants of Volokolamsk have been denouncing for months the nuisance associated with the nearby Iadrovo landfill, which was put into production in 1979, and whose toxic emissions affected some 50 of children on March 21.

Several thousand people gathered again Thursday before the town hall to demand the establishment of an exceptional regime and the closure of the landfill.

The authorities have promised to cover the landfill by the end of the month and install a degassing system in June

But the situation continues to worsen: new toxic emissions took place in the nights of Wednesday and Thursday, forcing the authorities to postpone classes in schools

A new demonstration to demand measures from the authorities is scheduled for Sunday in Volokolamsk.

– Interpellations –

Inspired by the example of Volokolamsk, demonstrations demanding the closure of landfills took place in several other cities in the belt around Moscow, where are taken waste generated by the giant Russian capital.

In Kolomna, city of 140,000 inhabitants to a hundred of kilometers south-east of Moscow, more than a hundred people have been trying for a week to block the truck traffic on the road leading to the "Volovitchi" household waste dump.

According to the NGO OVD -Info, specialized in the follow-up of the arrests, about thirty demonstrators were briefly questioned by the police Wednesday in Kolomna before being released. Three of them were charged with disturbing public order or refusing to obey

"We are like second-class citizens Why should we be treated worse than others? worse than the Muscovites? ", a protester indignant in a dialogue with a local official, according to a video broadcast on the internet.

Other cities, like Kline in North-West Moscow, fear for their part that the situation around their own landfill does not worsen after the promises made by the authorities to resolve the situation in Volokolamsk.

Faced with the growing number of complaints from dissatisfied Russians throughout the country in recent months, the authorities have acknowledged that the air quality measurement system was failing in the country

Due to lack of funding, this system is simply absent or obsolete due to lack of modernization since the collapse of the USSR.

in a particularly tense social context in Russia after a fire left 64 dead, including 41 children Sunday in Kemerovo, Siberia, which raised a wave of anger across the country at the shocking violations of safety standards found by investigators.

Russia: tense situation around polluting waste dump near Moscow

Russian authorities on Friday attempted to calm the anger of residents of a small town near Moscow, who protested in the thousands to demand the closure of a polluting waste dump whose emissions had caused the hospitalization of children

The Volokolamsk town hall, a town of 20,000 inhabitants located about 100 kilometers north-west of the Russian capital, announced that it had begun distributing respiratory masks to the population and put in place a surveillance plan for the according to Russian agencies.

The authorities also assured that residents suffering from respiratory problems could be treated in sanatoriums.

The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations nevertheless decided that was "not necessary" to set up an emergency regime or to organize the evacuation of the inhabitants.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, for his It is reported that President Vladimir Putin followed the situation and was in "constant contact" with the local authorities.

"This is a complex problem that can not be solved overnight. The work continues, "Peskov told reporters.

The inhabitants of Volokolamsk have been denouncing for months the nuisance associated with the nearby Iadrovo landfill, which was put into production in 1979, and whose toxic emissions affected some 50 of children on March 21.

Several thousand people gathered again Thursday before the town hall to demand the establishment of an exceptional regime and the closure of the landfill.

The authorities have promised to cover the landfill by the end of the month and install a degassing system in June

But the situation continues to worsen: new toxic emissions took place in the nights of Wednesday and Thursday, Forcing the authorities to postpone classes in schools

A new demonstration to demand measures from the authorities is planned for Sunday in Volokolamsk.

Faced with the multiplication of complaints from Rus its dissatisfaction throughout the country in recent months, the authorities have recognized that the system of measurement of air quality was failing in the country.

For lack of funding, this system is simply absent or obsolete for lack of having been modernized since the fall of the USSR

Japan: the situation at the Fukushima power station 7 years after the tsunami

Seven years after the tsunami in March 2011, the long dismantling work continues at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, and another important milestone is set to begin this year, with the removal of fuel from the pool of one of the reactors

Fuel Removal

The hearts of reactors 1 to 3 melted at the time of the accident and must be cooled continuously. The TEPCO operator is still trying to locate the molten fuel precisely in these three units, and then implement the necessary conditions to extract it.

Currently, observation missions using Remote controlled robots are used to try to clear a passage and observe the inside of the reactors.

However the delicate process of extraction, for which the technical means remain to be developed, will not begin until 2021, Tepco had recently indicated. 19659002] In the meantime, the company said it could start "in the middle of the 2018 budget year" the work of removing the fuel assemblies from the unit 3 deactivation pool. The construction of a roof above This basin was completed at the end of February to prevent leakage of radioactivity during extraction.

This operation is planned only for units 1 and 2 starting in 2023.

At reactor 4, the core of which has not melted, the removal work of the fuel assemblies located in the pool were completed in late 2014.

Further away, reactors 5 and 6 were less affected and did not present the same difficulties.

The puzzle of contaminated waters

An impressive a quantity of water is used to cool the reactors, to which are added the rainwater that is contaminated by crossing the plant.

In total, about 1 million m3 of water is stored on the site, mainly in a thousand vats, and this volume is increasing daily.

Tepco was able to divide by four to "about 100 tonnes per day "the rate of increase in the volume of contaminated water, according to Naohiro Masuda, responsible for the dismantling within the group.

An underground ice wall has been in place around buildings since mid-2017 to prevent water are not soiled in contact with the installations.

To limit leaks, a waterproofing wall has been in place since 2016 on the sea side, while the ground of the plant has been almost entirely concreted.

The water is already partially treated but no solution has not yet been found to eliminate one of its radioactive elements: tritium

In the long run, it could well be rejected at sea, as some experts recommend, but the government has not yet made a decision. "Different technical options are under discussion", according to Satoru Toyomoto, one of the dismantling officials at the Ministry of Industry.

Worried about the already degraded image of the region, Fukushima Governor Masao Uchibori called the Government and TEPCO "to consider the possible social and reputational impact (of the region) in their thinking."

Storing solid waste

TEPCO expects to store 750,000 cubic meters of solid waste 2029, including a radioactive part, against 350,000 m3 last year. An important work of characterization of this waste, whose composition and levels of radioactivity will be very disparate, will have to take place.

Eight storage buildings were built and a construction site for a ninth began last month. Other storage structures are planned.

'Improvement of Working Conditions'

About 6,000 people work on the site every day, a decrease from previous years and, according to Tepco, "the conditions working "thousands of stakeholders on the site" improve "gradually.

Between April 2017 and December 2017, 58 workers received a cumulative dose of more than 20 millisieverts (mSv), the annual limit for nuclear workers, according to the company's estimates. There were still 216 between April 2016 and March 2017.

While there is the problem of keeping competent players on the spot for decades when young people are loath to enter this discredited sector, Naohiro Masuda assures that Tepco has "stabilized the situation in terms of the need for manpower. "