Wolf: the state wants to "bend the curve" of the number of sheep killed

The State wants to reverse the curve of the number of ewes killed by the wolf, assured the coordinating prefect of the new plan Wolf, auditioned Tuesday by the Committee on Planning and Sustainable Development of the Senate.

"I want to change the curve of losses and ensure that this year we have less than 12,000 ewes killed," explained Tuesday Stéphane Bouillon, prefect of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and as such in charge of the application of the last Wolf plan, presented by the government in February.

"On the simple and reinforced firing of fire and the firing of samples, we have to focus where there is the most loss", he added, citing four departments: Alpes-Maritimes, Aveyron, Savoy and Var.

Because, 60% of the attacks take place on 15% of the territories and 3% of the breeders undergo 30% of the attacks, he recalled

"Conversely, kill a wolf who, in quotes, do not you e some sheep has no interest "ecological and economic, he added.

Protected species, the wolf, which had disappeared in France in the 1930s, returned to Italy from 1992 It is now present in the Alps and Provence, in the south of the Massif Central and in the eastern Pyrenees and its attacks have multiplied, from 1,400 ewes in 2000 to nearly 10,000 in 2016, and 12,000 in 2017. [19659002] The wolf plan 2018-2023, which has failed to satisfy either pastoralists or conservationists, provides for an annual culling ceiling based on scientific recommendations that do not degrade more than 10 to 12% of the population to ensure the viability of the species.

In 2018, the year of transition, the initial ceiling is set at 40 wolves, but this number will be updated at the end of April once the precise figures of the population are known in the spring, said Mr. Bouillon.

France counts about 360 wolves (divided into 52 packs) and the government's plan targets a population of 500 specimens by 2023.

Regarding the "cost" of the wolf: in 2017 some 26.5 million euros were spent for the prevention and protection of farms, and 3.5 million for the compensation of breeders, are partly borne by the European Union. For 2018, the prefect estimates that the same envelope will be needed.

NDDL: the main association "urges" the state not to launch expulsions

Acipa, the main association involved in the defense of the Notre-Dame-des-Landes site, on Saturday urged the state not to launch the expulsion process of occupants of the ZAD, announced as imminent, and to privilege the dialogue.

"We urge the State not to initiate the process of expulsions and violence, moreover while the dialogue is established between the components of the movement and the prefecture", writes association in its newsletter

"As always, Acipa calls for the defense of the places of life but asks that the road axes remain free not to give to the authority the excuse of an expulsion for + disturbances to the public order +, for us, the only possibility remaining to the State to intervene on zone ", continues the association.

The expulsion operation, scheduled for early next week, is to mobilize 25 squadrons of mobile gendarmerie, or about 2,500 soldiers. It plans to expel all those who have not regularized their situation, for example by declaring new individual agricultural projects, which made very few of the estimated 250 zadists on the spot.

 Prime Minister Edouard Philippe at the time of the transfer of questions to the government in the National Assembly in Paris on April 4, 2018 (AFP / Archives - GERARD JULIEN)

Prime Minister Edouard Philippe during the transfer of questions to the government in the National Assembly in Paris on 4 April 2018 (AFP / Archives – GERARD JULIEN)

In this regard, the association "considers it urgent (…) to support the draft precarious Occupancy Convention (COP) (…) and to communicate to the prefecture this will of + regularization + ".

Certain components of the anti-airport movement have indeed sent to the prefecture – by email Thursday and by registered letter Friday morning – a proposal for a collective agreement of occupation pre for part of the 1,650 hectares of the ZAD.

Through this proposal, which they present as "a form of global regulation", they wish to sign a precarious and collective lease for 278 ha of agricultural land on which they have launched agricultural or handicraft projects.

the state has repeatedly stated that it favors individual solutions for the use of land, as part of the future agricultural project of the ZAD.

In addition, lawyers sent a letter Saturday to the Prime Minister Edouard Philippe contesting the legality of possible expulsions of the inhabitants of the Zad and asking him to communicate the decisons of justice related to this situation.

This letter, which AFP obtained a copy, follows the rejection Friday by the court Administrative Court of Nantes ZAD occupiers' recourse aimed at compelling the State to communicate administrative documents in connection with their possible expulsions.

This rej and would rely in particular on the fact that the persons concerned by these remedies are not identifiable, what these lawyers contend, at the origin of the rejected appeal: "It is (…) one can not more false and expeditious of 'assert that the inhabitants would not be identifiable to deprive them of contradictory procedures and proceed with their expulsion', say in this letter the signatories.

"We intend to refer the deportations that have been unlawfully committed to the competent courts, and we reiterate our request for the communication of the relevant judicial decisions (…) on which the procedure would be based in order to to guarantee to the occupants their right to the recourse ", conclude the lawyers.

NDDL: abandonment of the project could cost the state up to 600 million euros, according to Woerth

The abandonment of the Notre-Dame-des-Landes airport project (NDDL) will cause a loss for the public finances of 200 to 600 million euros, according to an estimate of the president (LR) of the Finance Committee of the National Assembly, Eric Woerth, Wednesday.

This estimate also includes the redevelopment of Nantes-Atlantique airport, said the deputy Republicans of the Oise during the presentation to the Commission of the the financial consequences of the abandonment of this controversial project.

On the contrary, the continuation of the project would have allowed a net profit of 180 million euros over the duration of the concession, says moreover

These figures are based on the analysis of financial documents submitted by the state administration and by the local and regional authorities involved in the project, in the framework of a parliamentary control.

The government announced mid-January the abandonment of the proposed transfer of Nantes-Atlantiques airport to Notre-Dame-des-Landes, recommending instead to adapt to the evolution of the traffic the existing airports of Nantes, Rennes and Brest.

The former Minister of the Budget also judged that the possible compensation of the concessionaire, the company Airports of the Great West (AGO), charged in particular to realize the new airport was a "considerable financial risk" but should be negotiated.

The government could pay him a maximum of 500 million euros, he said. But "when the compensation (…) will be greater than 100 or 120 million euros, or between 20 to 30% of the maximum estimates, the cost to the State of the abandonment of Notre-Dame-des -Landes will be superior to that of the continuation of the project ", underlined Éric Woerth.

Concerning the modernization of the current airport of Nantes-Atlantique, which foresees in particular its enlargement, the invoice could reach 500 million euros according to a government mediation mission. A sum which seems "underestimated", the member worried.

"It will be necessary to take into account the additional costs related to the closing of the airport during the works on the track, during several weeks", he argued

"Especially the lengthening of the runway and the extension of the terminal require land acquisitions and work, subject to significant environmental constraints", continued Mr. Woerth. [19659002AttheendofJanuaryMrWoerthafteracheckonthespotandonthespotattheDGAChadestimatedthatthegovernmenthadabandonedtheairportproject"withoutpriormeasurementofthefinancialrisk"

Light pollution: the Council of State condemns the government for its inaction

The State Council on Wednesday condemned the government for its inaction in the fight against light pollution, demanding that it take a series of orders, a decision hailed by environmental associations.

According to the decision of the Council of State, "the Minister of ecological transition and solidarity is enjoined to enact these orders within nine months from the notification of this decision". "A penalty of 500 euros per day" delay is provided, says the Council of State.

The three associations, France nature environment (FNE), the Rhône-Alpes Federation of Nature Protection (FRAPNA) and the National Association for the Protection of the Sky and the Environment Nocturnes (ANPCEN), who had seized the Council of State, welcomed this decision.

It is "urgent now to move from intention to action so that these objectives finally become a tangible reality ", claims Raymond Léost, in charge of legal matters for FNE, quoted in a statement.

The Grenelle 2 law of 2010 provided measures against light pollution, which affects human health , animals and plants, but the decrees specifying their implementation had never been published.

Anne-Marie Ducroux, president of the ANPCEN, regretted that "it is necessary that associations make a dispute before the highest jurisdiction to take into account the plural issues of light pollution. "

Light at night can disrupt the circadian rhythm, the biological clock, which increases the risk of cancer, diabetes and depression . It can also inhibit the dormancy of plants that allows them to survive the rigors of winter.

According to a global atlas of light pollution published in 2016, more than 80% of humanity lives under heaven flooded with light artificial, and one-third of the planet's population can never see the Milky Way.

The "critical" state of the soil threatens 50 million people

Soils are in critical condition. This is the alarming finding published in a extensive study on Monday, March 26, 2018, at the end of the 6th plenary session of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), which had held from 17 to 24 March 2018 in Colombia, in Medellín. This report, which required 3 years of work, involved no less than 3,000 scientists, governments, indigenous peoples and local populations. Their observations, data and testimonies were analyzed by about a hundred researchers from 45 different countries, then grouped together in a report of a thousand pages. This is the first global soil condition study. And his report is alarming.

A situation that causes conflict

Soils lose quality when they are overexploited or poorly exploited. Cultivable land is becoming less and less numerous on the surface of the planet and this will lead, more and more, to the populations to move. " By 2050, this degradation combined with the climate change problems, which are closely linked, will force 50 to 700 million people to migrate ," the researchers said.

According to the study, the most optimistic projections (50 million people forced to move to find better soil quality), will be achieved even if everything is put in place to reduce our impact and minimize climate change. The report also points out that " declining soil productivity makes societies more vulnerable to social instability, especially in dry regions, where years of very low rainfall have been associated with rising violent conflict going on. up to 45% ". Soil degradation would be a source of war.

87% of wetlands lost

In some parts of the world, soils no longer fulfill their role of water filtration, carbon storage or fertilizers. Several reasons explain this situation, such as the decline of biodiversity and deforestation. A quarter of the lands today escape the phenomenon. This figure will fall to 10% in 2050. IPBES also pointed out that 4 / 5th of the world's population lives in areas threatened by lack of water. " We have transformed much of our forests, our grasslands, we have lost 87% of our wetlands (…) We have really changed the Earth's surface ," said Watson, president of the IPBES. " Tropical forests have historically been sparsely populated because it was difficult to get in. Today we build roads, we introduce agriculture ," he said. to AFP Robert Scholes, one of the co-authors of the report.

The effects of this critical state of the soil are already being felt since they constitute the first cause of disappearance of animal and plant species. Friday, March 23, 2018, the IPBES had also made a worrying verdict on the biodiversity of the planet, threatened, according to her, by the first mass extinction of species since that of dinosaurs and the first caused by humans

Vicious circle

Soil degradation is already affecting the well-being of more than 3.2 billion men and women. Indeed, the deterioration of the land is accompanied by the deterioration of food security and the health of human beings. Soil degradation also contributes to worsening climate change. For example, deforestation and reduced soil capacity to store carbon that causes climate change contribute to the greenhouse effect. A real vicious circle that also affects animals and plants. The loss of biodiversity is expected to be 38-46% by 2050. " Soil degradation, biodiversity loss and climate change are three facets of the same important challenge: the increasingly dangerous impact of our choices about our natural environment "said Robert Watson. It must be understood that the future of the land will define the future of humanity.

For researchers, intensive agriculture is an important factor in this deterioration of soils. The IPBES study highlights the over-consumption of developed countries and the increasing consumption of developing countries. All this while the world population is increasing more and more. But other factors also bear responsibility, such as logging, mining and oil extraction, or excessive and uncontrolled urbanization.

Still Possible Solutions

Researchers have also proposed measures to limit damage before it is too late. Thus, they emphasized that soil restoration would yield 10 times more benefits than their degradation currently costs. For regions like Africa or Asia, the cost of inaction to land degradation is at least 3 times the price of the action. The researchers also stressed the need to coordinate international, national and individual actions, which are now fragmented.

Scientists have proposed re-flooding dry swamps and stopping water pollution from mining, agriculture and industry at the source. In cities, the report recommends "green infrastructure" such as parks, reintroduction of native plant species, sewage treatment and river rehabilitation.

But it is agriculture that has a major role to play. It would be necessary to change several methods. So plowing the land can make it vulnerable to erosion and release the carbon it has captured, aggravating global warming. It has long been thought that this technique was used to aerate the soil, but today it is known that it destroys all the biodiversity contained in the earth. In terms of agriculture, subsidized fertilizer costs farmers very little. They are therefore pushed to use them. IPBES recommends replacing what they consider to be " perverse incentives, which promote soil degradation" through positive measures of sustainable management. Better labeling is also recommended by researchers. They want to leave consumers the choice to buy products with a more or less negative impact on the planet.

Finally, for IPBES, governments should take into account the protection of the planet in their decisions and coordinate them, stop fragmenting agriculture and environment on one side, economy, energy, infrastructure on the other. In itself, no longer isolate the theme of the environment. Experts also insist on a concerted vision at the international, national and individual levels, including indigenous and local communities.

Robert Watson says: " implementing actions to combat land degradation can transform the lives of millions of people around the world, but the longer we wait, the more it will become expensive and difficult to achieve "

The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) was established in 2012 under the auspices of the United Nations. It now has 129 Member States. This platform aims to inform governments and the public on issues related to biodiversity changes. For this purpose, IPBES researchers carry out a regular synthesis of scientific knowledge.