The amendment was introduced at the last minute by the government as part of the first reading in the Senate of the bill "State in the service of a society of trust", already adopted in the National Assembly . He was rejected by show of hands. Its deposit provoked an outcry in Brittany, Normandy and Pays-de-la-Loire, the three regions where the construction of six of these parks is planned . The presidents of the three regions asked Wednesday, March 14, 2018, " an emergency meeting " to Prime Minister Philippe Philippe to expose their " fears about the risks that weigh today as to the future of this strategic sector "
For the Secretary of State for Public Accounts Olivier Dussopt, this amendment was to give" a legal basis for renegotiations with the winners of tenders on renewable marine energies to lower purchase tariffs and allow the withdrawal of administrative authorizations by compensating the winner ". The rates of the current tenders are too high, he said, " up to five times higher than the market rates ". " The authorized wind turbines in 2011 and 2014 cost 41 billion euros to public finances over twenty years for only 3 gigawatts ", he added.
" If it is legitimate to re-examine the economic balance of these projects, this can only be done by negotiation with the winners ", replied the rapporteur Jean-Claude Luche (UC, Ardeche). Christophe Priou (LR, Loire-Atlantique) estimated that the adoption " would inevitably postpone the launch of off-shore parks, while the regions have invested 600 million euros in port infrastructure to maximize the economic benefits of winning projects ". " We can not trust a state that changes its foot ," said Bruno Retailleau (LR, Vendée). " What to think of a very heavy amendment that is exonerated from impact studies when the Prime Minister asks for better legislative work? "
The presidents of the regions concerned pointed to the times " the lack of consultation both with the actors of the sector EMR (Renewable Marine Energies, Ed) (19459007) with the local authorities concerned ", but also the " retroactive nature (…) likely to lessen the confidence of investors and industrialists of the sector ". And to remember the investments (over 600 million euros) already made by these regions in terms of infrastructure. Elected officials from all sides have expressed for several days against this amendment, seeing a threat to the future of offshore wind.
Companies involved in these projects, grumbling growls also. In a tribune addressed to Figaro the actors of the sector (industrialists, subcontractors and future operators) warn about the risks of this amendment and recall that the six already drafted projects must allow to create " 15,000 industrial jobs "mainly in the three regions concerned, with the construction of several factories. For France Énergie Éolienne (FEE), which brings together industry professionals, " the government amendment is problematic because it breaks the climate of trust we were in, it undermines the long-term commitments that were taken (… ) ", declares to AFP Pauline Lebertre, general delegate of this association.
" That creates a legal uncertainty for the carriers of projects and for all the investors in the projects EMR "notes Ms. Lebertre. " We will lessen the energy transition of France ," she added. " This is a very negative signal sent by the government ", confirms Dominique Follut, vice-president of the Neopolia business cluster, in charge of the EMR.
Six wind farms are concerned, recorded in two tenders. The first, awarded in 2012, concerns the projects of Courseulles-sur-mer (Calvados), Fécamp (Seine-Maritime), Saint-Brieuc (Côtes d'Armor) and Saint-Nazaire (Loire-Atlantique). The second, dating from 2014, covers the sites of Tréport (Seine-Maritime) and Yeu / Noirmoutier (Vendée). These various parks should come into service at best in 2021 or 2022. France is lagging behind in the field of EMR compared to northern Europe.