NDDL: negotiations between authorities and Zadists deadlocked

More than two hours were not enough to unblock the situation in Notre-Dame-des-Landes: the negotiation between the authorities and the zadistes culminated in a deadlock Wednesday night, leaving a feeling of "waste" to Nicolas Hulot.

First to react at the end of the meeting with the prefect of the Pays de la Loire region, Nicole Klein, chaired by the Minister of Ecological Transition, the delegates of the opponents lamented a frozen position of the government which left them until April 23 to regularize. The initial deadline expired on March 31.

"No line has moved, the demands made" by the government remaining the same, regretted at the exit of the prefecture Marcel Thébault, one of the four historic farmers of NDDL and one of the members of the delegation.

According to him, the government did not propose a "delay period or anything".

But, replied Nicolas Hulot, "what the government claims does not seem out of reach, no way an ultimatum ". Expressing a "feeling of sadness, waste" that he hopes "temporary", he again called on opponents to seize the "hand of the government."

"Let's not skip the last step, do not go into a spiral posture, confrontation, violence, do not confuse ecology with anarchy, and let's move on to another stage, "he said,"

– "Acknowledging the deeds done" –

After the abandonment of the airport project for which he had campaigned, "the government is entitled to expect a gesture, and more than a gesture, a return to order", insisted the minister, asking opponents to "recognize the gestures that have been made. "

 Prefect Nicole Klein and the Minister of Ecological Transition Nicolas Hulot Wednesday, April 18, 2018 in Nantes (AFP - Jean-Francois MONIER)

Prefect Nicole Klein and the Minister of Transition ecological Nicolas Hulot Wednesday, April 18, 2018 in Nantes (AFP – Jean-Francois MONIER) [1965] 9011] Crucial, the meeting was aimed at finding a way out of the conflict, the tenth day of gendarmerie operations on the site of 1,650 hectares, marked by clashes between opponents and police.

The delegation received in prefecture must make a "return" Wednesday night at an assembly bringing together the various components of the anti-airport movement. The prefect is to meet her again on Friday.

By inviting the Zadists to resume the dialogue, interrupted on April 9 by the eviction operations and the destruction of 29 "squats" in four days, the prefect wants to offer them "a exit door "and try to avoid an evacuation of greater magnitude.

The head of state, Emmanuel Macron, had said Sunday evening: at the end of the new period of regularization, fixed at April 23, if the occupants did not declare their agricultural projects, "all that must be evacuated will be evacuated. "

They must "give their names," said the prefect to an AFP journalist. "If they do not respond at least to this request, the President of the Republic has been very clear, there will be new evictions."

At present, "the only ones who are in a regular situation are the four historic farmers who have requested the surrender of their land and those who have a temporary occupation agreement that often exploit the land without living there", Ms. Klein detailed Tuesday.

The declaration of intent that must be fulfilled by zadists wishing to "enter the rules" includes their names and outline of their agricultural or para-agricultural project. Without legal value, it is a prerequisite for signing or not precarious agricultural leases.

The representative of the state had received before the meeting only a few "fanciful forms, people from elsewhere," she said Tuesday to an AFP journalist.

The zadists judge the format of this "too individual" statement of intent.

The state will not close the door to cooperatives or GAEC (agricultural groups operating in common, ed), but "it will not be Larzac, it was said," had said to the AFP Ms. Klein

The agricultural union Confédération paysanne, very involved in the Notre-Dame-des-Landes file, believes that it is possible to "cohabit" all agricultural and artisan projects on the site, provided that the climate calms down locally

On the site, a precarious calm reigned since Tuesday. The police continued the clearing operations on the two roads crossing the ZAD

NDDL: Zadists still undecided by the demands of the government

Four days before the deadline set by the government for them to decline their identities, the occupants of the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes toil Thursday to "deny the collective dimension" of their agricultural projects and remain undecided about the common response to the state.

The arrival on Wednesday in Nantes of the Minister of the Ecological Transition, Nicolas Hulot, long-time opponent of the airport project, did not change the line government, or that of the zadistes, braced on their will to manage collectively the lands they have defended.

Work meetings "pretty intense" were ongoing Thursday on the ZAD to release another proposal to put on the table, during a new meeting scheduled Friday with the prefect of the Pays de la Loire, Nicole Klein, and "out of this vise", according to one of the "spokespersons" of the occupants.

"We remain extremely suspicious because we have no assurance that behind there is not a will to continue to expel and do the sorting, "he adds.

The individual forms that the authorities are required to complete by Monday evening must include their name and the outline of their agricultural or para-agricultural project, a prerequisite for the eventual signature by the State of precarious leases.

"This form does not give us any guarantee as to what to do next, and if we do not fill it out, we necessarily take a risk.The visions are a little different, but whatever our decision, it will be strong, collective. and we will stick to it, "says Vincent.

Party involved in a collective project of market gardening, bee-keeping and raising of ewes, he deposited with two other occupants the statutes of an association, "before the beginning of expulsions," he says .

 Members of the occupying delegation of the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes at the end of their meeting with Nicolas Hulot and the prefect of Pays de la Loire, on April 18, 2018 in Nantes (AFP - JEAN- FRANCOIS MONIER)

Members of the occupying delegation of the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes at the end of their meeting with Nicolas Hulot and the prefect of the Pays de la Loire, on April 18, 2018 in Nantes (AFP – JEAN-FRANCOIS MONIER)

"The prefecture has our names, efforts have been made to find an arrangement that is suitable for the state (…) But we are being asked to yield all the way. in a negotiation, you have to be two to make concessions ", estimates Vincent.

-" Ready to take the risk "-

" The state obsessively talks to us about individual conventions and I could be well placed to answer it because I do gardening, but on the ZAD, the organization is collectiv e and it covers much more than the simple addition of small agricultural projects, "says Jean-Baptiste, enrolled for two years in the agricultural social mutuality (MSA).

"I am declared since May 15, 2016, the activity is legal, I am ready to take the risk of not being understood whereas I have a lot of things to preserve, because for us, the collective dimension it is essential, "insists the market gardener, installed at the eastern end of the ZAD, away from the area where nearly thirty squats were dismantled last week.

"It's very hard to be shriveled up to that point and so far, we have dignity and it will be difficult to give up our intimate convictions because to make society, we must advocate the collective, "insists Jean-Baptiste. "We would be made to think that because we do the collective, we advocate anonymity, which is not the case," he says.

Incomprise Wednesday by Nicolas Hulot, this indecision of zadistes was also difficult to understand for Sylvain Fresneau, fifth generation of peasants settled in Notre-Dame-des-Landes. "We still had two and a half months to turn around, and then another ten days, we need to move forward, it can not last for years this war," he says.

Sylvain Fresneau and the three other "historic" farmers who have always refused to sell their property to the airport concession holder must sign, "presumably Tuesday", a precarious occupation agreement and should obtain the surrender of their lands "before the end of the year," he says.

NDDL: Zadists have a new 10-day deadline to regularize

The occupants of the ZAD Notre-Dame-des-Landes were called Friday to regularize their situation before April 23, a few hours after the launch of a punch operation to clear a departmental road. [19659002ThedayaftertheannouncementofanendtoevictionoperationstheprefectofthePaysdelaLoirereachedouttothezadistsincludingtheexpelledinvitingthemtodeclaretheirplansby23Apriltostarta"regularizationprocess"

"They are simply asked at this stage to declare their name, to declare the agricultural project they wish to develop and to specify the parcels on which they wish to implement it so that the state (…) can instruct these requests, "she said emphasizing that" collective projects do not prevent individual projects. "

The prefect announced that she would receive a delegation of occupants "as quickly as possible In the meantime, the gendarmes will remain on the spot for three weeks to a month with the triple objective of clearing the plots, guaranteeing freedom of movement on the D281 and D81 and preventing any illegal reoccupation. she stated.

"We will stay there for the time it will take, with the forces that will be needed.In contrast, there will be more expulsion," said in the morning the General Richard Lizurey, Director General of the gendarmerie.

-Barricades reconstruites-

 Scuffles took place on April 13, 2018 on the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes (AFP - Fred Tanneau)

Scuffles took place on April 13, 2018 on the ZAD of Notre-Dame-des-Landes (AFP – Fred Tanneau)

The prefect then said that clashes were going on everywhere in the area where sounded pomegranate shots without interruption

A gunsmith operation first concentrated on the D81, one of the two main north-south roads crossing the ZAD, surmounted by barricades reinforced the day before by hundreds of zadistes and inflamed Friday morning. It is on this axis, at the crossroads of La Saulce, that an ambush took place on Thursday, according to the gendarmes, making 10 wounded in their ranks, ambush that the Zadists have contested in a statement.

Tanks were positioned at the crossroads of La Saulce and on Suez Road, which leads to the D281, ex-"route des chicanes". By withdrawing from this road at around 11:00 am, the gendarmes carried out heavy grenades. The barricades on the D81 were inflamed, tires and debris were burning, and a charred van was lying in a ditch.

In the middle of the morning the situation was confused and several clashes took place everywhere on the site. Opponents have managed to climb barricades, including a 1.50 m high between Saulce and Rolandière, according to an AFP journalist.

These clashes sometimes gave rise to unusual scenes such as these zadistes capped with round hats flocked "vive la Bretagne" dance in front of the gendarmes. A young woman, long hair, boots and trellis shouts in their direction: "Stop the violence, stop the war, we want peace, that's why we're here, you prevent us from living! Terrorists do not look like terrorists? "

In the late morning no policemen were visible on the D81 where calm had returned, noted an AFP journalist.

"The axes must be returned to the free movement.There will be patrols day and night.The axes will not be abandoned", assured the AFP the gendarmerie.

The operation of Expulsion of those who have not filed any individual agricultural project with the prefecture since January began Monday, with 2,500 gendarmes, bailiffs and construction equipment, and 29 squats were destroyed in three days.

According to General Lizurey, around 250 opponents were present in the area earlier this week. But "last night we had 700 people in front of us, including extremely violent people, the ultra-left, some + black blocks + are present here.The only goal is to break, to break the police, to to injure, to attack, to vandalise, "he regretted.

The gendarmes also launched a judicial police operation at a place called" La Grée "where elements" useful to the investigation "have seized, according to the parquet of Rennes. The search was to gather evidence in the context of the rocket fire that occurred three days ago against a gendarmerie helicopter.

Four people were arrested Friday: one for participation in a gathering, one for violence on police officer and two for outrage and rebellion, according to a source close to the file.

On January 17, when he put an end to the airport project in Notre-Dame-des-Landes, the Prime Minister Édouard Philippe had promised to eradicate this "zone of lawlessness."

NDDL: Philip reaches out to Zadists and warns against reoccupation

Édouard Philippe, on a surprise visit to the gendarmes in operation at Notre-Dame-des-Landes warned on Friday against any reoccupation of the evacuated sites while keeping the extended hand to the zadistes who accept the process of regularization.

"The state will not accept the reconstruction or reoccupation of the sites that were evacuated, and those who engage in such abuses (…) exclude themselves from any possibility of regularization" by 23 April, he pounded

Those "will have to draw the consequences of their absence of will" and "will put under the blow of pursuits", warned Édouard Philippe.

The Prime Minister and the Minister of the Interior arrived shortly after 16:30 at the command post of the gendarmerie at Saint-Etienne-de-Montluc, south of the Zad.

Taking stock of the expulsions started Monday, Édouard Philippe said that "the set of objectives we are s were assigned was reached: 29 squats (out of 96) were deconstructed and their occupants expelled. "

Now places in clearing operations. "They will take time after the expulsions but they will be carried out seriously and in accordance with the timetable that has been envisaged," he pledged.

Friday morning, the day after the announcement of the end of operations Expulsion, the prefect of the Pays de la Loire Nicole Klein had already sketched this line: negotiation around regularization but intransigence about illegal reoccupations.

Those who accept the process have until April 23 to do so. "They are simply asked at this stage to declare their name, to declare the agricultural project they wish to develop and to specify the plots on which they wish to implement it so that the State (…) can instruct them. requests, "said Nicole Klein emphasizing that" collective projects do not prevent individual projects. "

The prefect announced that she would receive a delegation of occupants" as quickly as possible. "

-" the time it will take "-

" What we are certain is that it will not be possible to think serenely in the continuation as long as the Zad will be targeted by this type of police actions ", have responded the Zadists in a statement.

The gendarmes should stay three weeks to a month with a triple objective: clear the plots, ensure free movement on the D281 and D81 and prevent any illegal reoccupation, said the prefect. 19659002] The provision It will remain "the time it will take, with the forces that will be needed. On the other hand, there will be no more expulsion, "said General Richard Lizurey, general director of the gendarmerie, in the morning.

Friday morning was marked by new clashes on the Zad as soon as dawn, where grenade shots were continuously fired.

A gunsmith's operation was concentrated on the D81, one of the two main north-south roads crossing the Zad, topped by fiery barricades on Friday morning It is on this axis that an ambush took place Thursday, according to the gendarmes, making 10 wounded in their ranks.

"the fight that some led is carried out", explained Friday noon on RTL the minister of the Nicolas Hulot ecological transition in reference to the abandonment of the airport project in January, "from there, it is necessary to calm down, to return in the right way and not to mix the postures".

In total four people were in custody Friday night for participation in a gathering, violence on law enforcement officer (with a hammer) or outrage and rebellion, according to the Rennes Court of Appeal. Another protester arrested Thursday for possession of explosive device was released Friday by the Criminal Court of Saint-Nazaire but the prosecution appealed.

Moreover, the court of summary of Nantes rejected Friday the request of a occupant of the Zad who challenged the legality of his expulsion from the place called "The 100 names."

The operation of expulsion of illegal occupants of the Zad began Monday, with 2,500 gendarmes, bailiffs and construction equipment, and 29 squats were destroyed in three days.